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עמוד בית
Fri, 19.07.24

ORIGINAL ARTICLES

IMAJ | volume 25

Journal 4, April 2023
pages: 286-291

Traditional Physiotherapy vs. Fascial Manipulation for the Treatment of Trigger Finger: A Randomized Pilot Study

1 Department of Orthopedics, Rabin Medical Center (Beilinson Campus), Petah Tikva, Israel 2 Department of Physical Therapy, Migdal Hameah Clinic, Clalit Health Services, Tel Aviv, Israel 3 Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion–Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel 4 Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

Summary

Background:

Physiotherapy can help treat of trigger fingers (TF).

Objectives:

To compare efficacy of fascial manipulation (FM) and traditional physiotherapy (TP) techniques in treatment of TF.

Methods:

Nineteen patients were randomized in the FM group and 15 in the TP group. All patients underwent eight physiotherapy sessions. The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (QuickDASH) and visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, staging of stenosing tenosynovitis (SST) classification, triggering frequency, grip and pinch strength were recorded before and after treatment. We surveyed participants at 6 months for recurrence, further treatment, and the VAS and QuickDASH scores. The primary outcome measure was reduction in QuickDASH and VAS scores.

Results:

Both FM and TF improved the QuickDASH and VAS scores at 6 months follow-up, without a significant difference. The QuickDASH score in the FM group improved from 28.4 ± 17.1 to 12.7 ± 16.3; TF scores improved from 27 ± 16.7 to 18.8 ± 29.4 (P = 0.001). The VAS score improved from 5.7 ± 2.1 to 1.2 ± 2.1 and from 4.8 ± 1.8 to 2 ± 2.6 for both groups, respectively (P < 0.001). SST and grip strength also improved following treatment, regardless of modality. At 6 months, four patients (22%) with an SST score of 1, three (30%) with a score of 2, and two (40%) with a score of 3A underwent additional treatment.

Conclusions:

Both FM and TP techniques are effective for the treatment of TF and should be considered for patients who present with SST scores of 1 or 2.

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