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עמוד בית
Sun, 26.05.24

ORIGINAL ARTICLES

IMAJ | volume 25

Journal 4, April 2023
pages: 265-267

Sedation for Forearm Fracture Reduction in the Pediatric Emergency Department: Impact on Hospitalization and Length of Stay

1 Department of Pediatrics B, Emek Medical Center, Afula, Israel 2 Pediatric Emergency Department, Emek Medical Center, Afula, Israel 3 Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion–Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel

Summary

Background:

Children with forearm fractures who present to the emergency department (ED) often need a closed reduction. In our institution, until 2017, pediatric trauma patients presented to the general trauma ED (GTED) where no sedation services for pediatric patients were available. From 2017, patients presented to the pediatric emergency department (PED) where closed reductions were performed under sedation when appropriate.

Objectives:

To compare GTED and PED with regard to length of stay (LOS) and hospitalization rates of pediatric patients with forearm fractures who needed a closed reduction.

Methods:

Our retrospective observational study was conducted at a regional hospital. The study population consisted of all patients younger than 18 years of age who presented to the ED with a forearm fracture that needed a closed reduction. The primary outcome measure was the hospitalization rate. The secondary outcome measure was LOS in the ED.

Results:

The study comprised 165 patients with forearm fractures who needed a closed reduction; 79 presented to the GTED, and 96 presented to the PED. Hospitalization rates were lower for patients undergoing closed reduction under sedation in the PED compared to the GTED (6.3% and 21.5%, respectively; P = 0.003). Median ED LOS was longer among patients undergoing sedation in the PED compared to the GTED (237 vs. 168 minutes respectively, P < 0.0001).

Conclusions:

Sedation for forearm fracture reduction in a hospital’s PED was associated with a decrease of more than three times in hospitalization rate. Despite the need for more resources, PED LOS was only mildly increased.

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