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עמוד בית
Mon, 15.04.24

Articles

IMAJ | volume 18

Journal 4, April 2016
pages: 150-153

Autoimmune/Inflammatory Syndrome Induced by Adjuvants and Sjögren’s Syndrome

    Summary

    Sjögren’s syndrome (SS), a chronic systemic autoimmune inflammatory condition involving the exocrine glands, has been suggested to be part of the spectrum of the “Autoimmune/inflammatory Syndrome Induced by Adjuvants” (ASIA). ASIA incorporates an umbrella of clinical conditions including siliconosis, macrophage myofasciitis syndrome, and post-vaccination phenomena that occur after the exposure to a substance, namely the adjuvant. Interestingly, SS and ASIA share several common features. Firstly, a shared pathogenic mechanism involving a disruption of the immune system balance, with B cell proliferation, cytokine production and tissue infiltration, have been proposed. Patients with ASIA often present clinical features resembling those of SS; dry mouth and dry eyes have also been included in the proposed classification criteria for ASIA. Finally, several case reports have suggested that both vaccines and silicone may trigger the development of SS. Unveiling these common pathways will contribute considerably to our understanding and managing of both conditions.

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