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עמוד בית
Wed, 10.08.22

Allergy and Immunology

IMAJ | volume

Journal 12, December 2005
pages: 792-795

Effect of Montelukast on Basophil Releasability in Patients with Asthma

    Summary

    Background: The anti-inflammatory effect of montelukast, a leukotriene receptor antagonist, in patients with bronchial asthma is not entirely clear. Basophils can release a variety of mediators, including histamine and leukotriens, which most likely play an active part in the late allergic response.

    Objectives: To study the effect of montelukast (10 mg/day) on histamine and cysteinyl leukotriene release from basophils taken from 12 mild atopic asthmatic patients who were given the drug for 4 weeks.

    Methods: Basophils were withdrawn at baseline, and after 48 hours, 1 week, and 4 weeks of therapy. Histamine was measured by a radioenzymatic method and leukotrienes by immunologic assay. Histamine and cysLT release was measured spontaneously and following stimulation with interleukin-3 and anti-immunoglobulin E. Spirometry and symptom score were measured before and during treatment.

    Results: During the treatment with montelukast there were no significant changes in spontaneous, IL-3 and anti-IgE‑induced histamine release. cysLT release decreased significantly only after 4 weeks of treatment (from 2899 ± 550 pg/ml at baseline to 2225 ± 430 pg/ml at 4 weeks, P = 0.02).

    Conclusions: Montelukast does not seem to affect the release of histamine from basophils but mildly inhibits the cysLT release seen after 4 weeks of treatment.

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