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עמוד בית
Sun, 21.07.24

Original Articles

IMAJ | volume

Journal 7, July 2006
pages: 473-476

Discharge of Respiratory Compromised Children after Respiratory Rehabilitation

    Summary

     Background: There is a growing demand for respiratory rehabilitation services for children dependent on tracheostomy and/or chronic mechanical ventilation. Discharging these patients home following their rehabilitation can be an arduous process.

    Objectives: To define the length of time required to rehabilitate and discharge these patients, and to identify predictors of a prolonged or failed discharge process.

    Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients admitted to the Respiratory Rehabilitation Unit at Alyn Hospital, Jerusalem, over a 4 year period.

    Results: Of the 48 patients identified, 31 (64.7%) were eventually discharged, 13 (27.1%) remained hospitalized long-term, and 4 (8.3%) died during their hospitalization. The median length of hospitalization was 10 months: 6 months for purposes of rehabilitation therapy, and 4 months thereafter to resolve the logistics of discharge. Specific family characteristics – an unemployed father (odds ratio = 4.6, P = 0.02) and an additional family member with a disability (OR[1] = 5.8, P = 0.03) – as well as ongoing mechanical ventilation at the time of discharge (OR = 5.5, P < 0.01) were found to positively correlate with a prolonged or failed discharge process.

    Conclusions:  Hospitalization in a pediatric respiratory rehabilitation unit may be prolonged for both medical and non-medical reasons, with the process of discharge home being particularly difficult in certain subsets of patients. A proactive discharge policy by hospitals, improved community support services, and legislation defining the rights of home-ventilated children may facilitate more efficient discharge home of these patients.

     

    [1] OR = odds ratio

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