עמוד בית
יום ד, 27.01.21

ינואר 1997


1 בינואר
ג'ני פוזן, נעמה תנאי, שמעון שפירו ודפנה פרומר

The Homeless and The Health System: Profile of the Homeless Patient

 

J. Posen, N. Tanai, S. Spiro, D. Frumer

 

Social Work Dept., Ichilov Hospital, Tel Aviv and Faculty of Social Work, Tel Aviv University

 

The homeless population is mobile and does not use ambulatory health care services. Thus the major contact between the homeless and the medical establishment occurs primarily when they are treated for acute symptoms in hospital. We describe the clinical and sociodemographic profile of the homeless who require hospital services. The research population included 50 homeless treated in the emergency room and various departments of our medical center between October 1994 and August 1995. Social workers used a questionnaire relating to clinical, sociodemographic and social factors. Most patients were men, 76% under the age of 50. The most common diagnosis was alcoholism; other diagnoses included back, limb and joint injuries, infections, skin diseases, and general exhaustion. There were subgroups with differing needs within this homeless population for which appropriate rehabilitation programs are proposed.

ג'מאל זידאן, סאמר קאסם, דרומאה קרן, אברהם קוטן ואליעזר רובינזון

Differentiated Thyroid Cancer In Arabs In Northern Israel

 

J. Zidan, S. Kassem, D. Karen, A. Kuten, E. Robinson

 

Northern Israel Oncology Center, Rambam Medical Center, and Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa

 

Prognostic factors and survival rate of 53 Arabs with differentiated carcinoma of the thyroid treated here were reviewed. Papillary carcinoma was diagnosed in 35 (66%) and follicular carcinoma in 18 (34%); the female/male ratio was 2.3/1 and the median age 32. Age, gender, tumor size, histology and tumor stage were important prognostic factors. The 20-year actuarial survival rate of the entire group was 96%. The probable reason for the high survival rate was the low median age.

א' ירצקי, י' פלדמן, פ' אלתרמן, ב' פינקלטוב

Rheumatoid Arthritis in the Elderly

 

A. Yaretzky, J. Feldman, P. Alterman, B. Finkeltov

 

Dept. of Geriatric Medicine and Rheumatology Clinic, Meir Hospital, Kfar Saba and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

 

Opinions differ as to whether late onset rheumatoid arthritis (RA) represents a clinical subset and whether age at onset involves differences in therapy and prognosis. In this retrospective study we compared 23 patients with early onset RA (average onset 52.8 years; 91.3% of them women), with 36 with late onset (average onset 70.3 years; 67% of them women). No statistically significant differences were found as to demographic, clinical, laboratory or radiographic characteristics. 

מ' זערור, ד' גולדשר ומ' פיינסוד

Temporal Hemianopia And Diabetes Insipidus Following Head Injury

 

M. Zaaroor, D. Goldsher, M. Feinsod

 

Center for Treatment and Applied Research in Head Injuries, Dept. of Neurosurgery and Diagnostic Radiology Dept., Rambam Medical Center and Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa

 

Bitemporal hemianopia and diabetes insipidus following head injury are caused by a lesion in the center of the optic chiasm, together with injury to the adjacent pituitary stalk or the hypothalamus. This combination was thought to be a rare complication of severe head injury. The case of a 16-year-old male is presented, which together with recent reports suggests that this relatively under-recognized syndrome is not infrequent, that it may follow even minor head injury, and that magnetic resonance imaging can demonstrate the chiasmal lesion.

יוסף פיקל, יובל גלפנד, עידי מצר ובנימין מילר

Motor Vehicle Accidents And Eye Injuries

 

J. Pikkel, Y. Gelfand, E. Mezer, B. Miller

 

Dept. of Ophthalmology, Rambam Medical Center and Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa

 

The medical records of 24,632 patients treated in our surgical emergency service over a 3-year period were reviewed to determine the frequency and characteristics of ocular trauma caused by motor vehicle accidents (MVA). MVA-related injuries accounted for 13.9% of all visits to the service and involved 1106 of the patients (33%), of whom 77% were young males. At least 1 pathological finding was found in 858 (77.6%) and 169 (15.2%) were admitted. 16 patients sustained very severe ocular injuries which resulted in poor vision.

יובל גלפנד, יוסף פיקל, בנימין מילר

Prognostic Factors And Surgical Results In Traumatic Cataract

 

Yuval Gelfand, Joseph Pikkel, Benjamin Miller

 

Ophthalmology Dept., Rambam Medical Center and Bruce Rappoport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa

 

The visual outcome in 23 men and 2 women with traumatic cataracts was analyzed retrospectively. Their average age was 33 and they ranged from 10 to 69 years. Surgical results were either very good or very poor. Associated retinal injuries significantly decreased final visual acuity (p = 0.001). Those with initial visual acuity restricted to finger counting had better visual results than those with initial visual acuity restricted to light perception (p = 0.01) and hand motions (p = 0.02). Usually the lens was removed via the pars plana; the most common mode of optical correction was contact lenses.

אמיר אברמוביץ', אבי שצ'ופק, יצחק רמון, אורן שושני, ידידיה בנטור, גדי בר יוסף ואורי טיטלמן

Hyperbaric Oxygen for Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

 

A. Abramovich, A. Shupak, Y. Ramon, O. Shoshani, Y. Bentur, G. Bar-Josef, U. Taitelman

 

Israel Naval Medical Institute, Israel Defense Forces Medical Corps, Haifa and Israel Poison Information Center, Intensive Care Unit and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa

 

Severe cases of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning from all over Israel are treated at the Israel Naval Medical Institute with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO). Between 1.11.94 and 15.2.95, 24 cases of CO poisoning were treated. Poisoning was usually due to domestic gas-fired heating systems, CO being the only toxin involved. Since delay between termination of CO exposure and arrival at the emergency department averaged 55 minutes, the level of carboxyhemoglobin measured on presentation did not always reflect the true severity of the poisoning. Poisoning was defined as severe and requiring HBO treatment when 1 or more of the following indications was present: evidence of neurological involvement, cardiographic signs of acute ischemic injury, metabolic acidosis, carboxyhemoglobin level greater than 25%, and pregnancy. 20 (84%) recovered consciousness during the course of 1 session (90 min.) of HBO treatment (p2 2.8 ATA) or immediately thereafter, with resolution of other signs of CO poisoning. 3 required a second treatment session before their symptoms resolved. A patient who arrived in deep coma with severe cerebral edema died. HBO is an important element in the combined treatment of severe CO poisoning. There should be greater awareness of the danger of CO poisoning and the means of preventing it, both among medical staff and the population as a whole, mainly in areas in which cold weather requires use of heating systems, which may be gas-fired.

לאוניד ברואודה, יוליאן יאנקו, אורנה דולברג ויוסף זהר

The Serotonin Syndrome

 

L. Broude, I. Iancu, O.T. Dolberg, J. Zohar

 

Psychiatric Division, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer

 

The frequent use of selective, serotonin reuptake inhibitors has increased the risk of the serotonin syndrome. This condition is related to stimulation of 5HT1A receptors and is characterized by agitation, confusion, tremor, fever and shivering. A 29-year-old woman and a 69-year-old man with the syndrome are reported, The importance of early diagnosis and treatment is emphasized, and aspects of the syndrome in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder are presented.

15 בינואר
מרדכי ר' קרמר, אילן בר, ליאוניד אידלמן, מילי בובליל, איריס ניצן, צ'רלס ספרונג, שמעון גודפרי, גדעון מרין

Volume Reduction Surgery in Emphysema

 

M.R. Kramer, I. Bar, I. Eidelman, M. Bublil, I. Nitzan, C. Sprung, S. Godfrey, G. Merin

 

Depts. of Cardiothoracic Surgery and Anesthesiology, and Institute of Pulmonology, Hadassah-University Hospital and Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem

 

Volume reduction surgery (VRS) is a new procedure based on the concept that relieving hyperinflation in emphysema improves diaphragmatic and chest wall mechanics and ventilation perfusion mismatch. We present our early experience with 16 patients who underwent VRS from August 1995 to June 1996. Patient selection was based on: PFT, CT scan, V/Q scan, ABG's and 6-min walk. After pulmonary rehabilitation, operation was by median sternotomy and bilateral lung shaving. Pulmonary function improved significantly. FEV1 increased from 0.68 ± 0.2 to 1.0 ± 0.2 L (p<0.01) and FVC increased from 1.7 ± 0.5 to 2.7 ± 0.5 L (p<0.017). Total lung capacity decreased from 129% ± 24% to 108% ± 20% (p<0.03). 6-min walk increased from 221 ± 90 to 404 ± 123 meters (p<0.001). Complications included 1 death, prolonged air leak in 7 cases and infection in 2. Quality of life improved substantially in 12 of the 16 cases; in 3 cases there was only slight improvement and in 1 the condition became worse. Volume reduction surgery is a promising surgical solution in selected patients with advanced emphysema.

צבי סיימון, רותי סטלניקוביץ, רמי אליקים, צבי אקרמן ודניאל רחמילביץ

Cyclosporin for Severe Ulcerative Colitis

 

Z. Symon, R. Stalnikowich, R. Eliakim, Z. Ackerman, D. Rachmilewitz

 

Dept. of Medicine, Hadassah University Hospital, Mount Scopus and Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem

 

In recent years there have been numerous reports of successful treatment of resistant ulcerative colitis with cyclosporin. A series of 9 patients with moderate to severe active ulcerative colitis was treated with cyclosporin between September 1993 and October 1994. All 9 had failed to respond to conventional therapy, including salazopyrine and intravenous corticosteroids. They underwent colonoscopy and after contraindications to therapy were ruled out, received intravenous cyclosporin, 4 mg/kg/day for 7-10 days. They were discharged on oral cyclosporin with average serum levels maintained at 200 ng/ml. Response was assessed using the clinical score system of Schroeder et al. 2 out of 9 patients (22%) responded with full clinical remissions lasting more than 6 months. 6 patients had partial responses to the intravenous therapy, but symptoms resumed shortly after its cessation. Factors predicting favorable response to cyclosporin therapy were a shorter duration of disease with a fulminant clinical course. The success rate was less than that reported in the literature, possibly because of comparatively low serum cyclosporin levels. Potential complications of therapy and high cost preclude the routine use of cyclosporin in ulcerative colitis. Larger controlled studies are required to assess its efficacy and safety. Until such studies are available, cyclosporin may be tried in poor surgical risks or those not yet ready psychologically for total colectomy.

רות שמרת, רויטל ברוכים, ירון גלנטי, ציונה סמואל, סיריל ליגום, מיכה רבאו ופאול רוזן

Familial Adenomatous Polyposis: Establishing a Registry and Genetic and Molecular Analysis

 

R. Shomrat, R. Bruchim, Y. Galanty, Z. Samuel, C. Legum, M. Rabau, P. Rozen

 

Genetic Institute and Depts. of Gastroenterology and Surgery, Tel Aviv Medical Center and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

 

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), a dominantly inherited disease, is caused by a mutation in the adenomatous polyposis coli gene in chromosome 5q21. The gene has 15 exons, a physical length of 10 Kb and an open reading frame of 8.5 Kb. Exon 15 codes 66% of the mRNA and has a mutation cluster region which accounts for over 50% of mutations. The disease usually leads to the appearance of hundreds of adenomatous polyps in the transverse and descending colon between puberty and age 20 years and to colon cancer before the age of 40. Early detection is essential to prevent the development of metastasizing cancer. Since 1994 we have recruited 23 families for genetic counseling. DNA was obtained from 19 unrelated FAP patients and 219 high risk relatives in 19 unrelated families following confirmation of the diagnosis. In addition to linkage studies, direct mutational analysis was performed using the protein truncation test for most of exon 15 and single strand conformation polymorphism analysis for the other exons. These exons account for most of the mutations identified to date. Of 19 unrelated probands, 14 had detectable mutations. Exon 15 accounted for 6 families, exons 5, 7 and 14 for 1 each, exon 9 for 3, and exon 8 for 2. Combined mutational and linkage analysis identified 18 presymptomatic carriers who received genetic and clinical counseling. Our FAP patients did not differ significantly from those of larger studies in other countries with regard to the distribution of the mutations, gender and genotype-phenotype correlation, or ethnic distribution.

יצחק פפו, עודד זמיר והרברט פרוינד

Is Crohn's Disease Different In The Elderly?

 

Itzhak Pappo, Oded Zamir, Herbert R. Freund

 

Dept. of Surgery, Hadassah-University Hospital, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem

 

We reviewed the records of 22 patients hospitalized at onset or first presentation of Crohn's disease after age 50. There were 12 females and 10 males, and the mean age was 64.5 years. The most common presenting symptoms were: abdominal pain, fever, diarrhea and weight loss. The disease was located in the small bowel in 14, in the ileo-colic region in 3 and in the colon in 5. The median interval from onset of symptoms until diagnosis was 42 months. 12 (54%) underwent surgery. All 5 patients with colonic disease were operated. 6 patients underwent small bowel resections, mostly terminal ileum, while 1 had resection of both terminal ileum and left colon. The recurrence rate was 70% in the medically treated and 50% in those operated. 1 patient died after surgery for Crohn's disease (4.5%), and 3 others died of unrelated causes. Compared to younger patients, the symptomatology, clinical course, need for and response to surgery, and its complications, did not differ in these older patients, but the recurrence rate seemed to be higher.

נגה רייכמן, נתן קאופמן ועדית פלטאו

Acute Effusive Constrictive Pericarditis in Influenza A

 

N. Reichman, N. Kaufman, E. Flatau

 

Dept. of Medicine B, Central Emek Hospital, Afula and Technion Faculty of Medicine, Haifa

 

Constrictive pericarditis may complicate the course of several viral infections, mainly Coxsackie virus group B, as well as in rheumatoid disease, radiation and neoplasm. Perimyocardial involvement during influenzal infections is usually mild and does not progress to constriction or tamponade. A single case of cardiac tamponade caused by influenza A was reported in 1986. We report a case of acute effusive-constrictive pericarditis due to influenza A infection. Corticosteroids resulted in some benefit, but did not relieve constriction, which required extensive pericardiectomy.

י' קלוגר, ע' רביד, ר' בן-אברהם, ד' סופר וד' אלג'ם

Kapoera - Popular Dance or Martial Art?

 

Y. Kluger, A. Ravid, R. Ben Avraham, D. Soffer, D. Aladgem

 

Depts. of Surgery B and C, and Division of Trauma, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv

 

Kapoera, a combination of acrobatics and coordinated athletic movement, is believed to have been introduced to South America during the 19th century by transported African slaves. The dance does not involve intentional physical contact, but during 6 months, 3 patients were admitted here for injuries induced by the forceful movements of this dance. 2 underwent exploratory laparotomy that revealed bowel perforations and 1 suffered a comminuted nasal bone fracture. Medical personnel should be familiar with the potential hazards of this dance and martial art.

הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303