עמוד בית
יום ד, 27.01.21

נובמבר 1998


1 בנובמבר
יוסף משעל, חיים יוספי, אמיל חי, דליה כץ, אליסה אמבון ורוזה שניידר

Risk of Transmission of Viral Disease by Needle Puncture in Health Care Workers

 

Yosef Mishal, Chaim Yosefy, Emil Hay, Dalia Catz, Elisia Ambon, Roza Schneider

 

Infectious Disease Unit, Emergency Dept. and Microbiology Lab, Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon (Affiliated with Ben-Gurion University of the Negev)

 

The accidental exposure of the health care workers (HCW) to blood and blood products constitutes a danger for transmission of blood-borne pathogens and the development of severe diseases. Most attention is focused on exposure to the viruses of hepatitis B, C and human immunodeficiency. The objectives of this prospective study were to determine the rate of exposure of our HCW to blood and blood products; to define the high risk groups; and to establish recommendations to prevent transmission or reduce the risk of exposure to these viruses.

During the year 1996, 103 injuries from needle-puncture or other sharp objects were reported to our infectious diseases control unit. Most of those injured were women. 58.4% of the events occurred in the vicinity of the patient. The source of exposure was known in 60% of the cases. 73.8% of those injured had already been immunized against hepatitis B. The departments in which most exposures occurred were the operating theater (12.5%), medical departments A (10.6%) and B (9.6%), and the emergency department (7.7%). Nurses were at highest risk, constituting 47% of those injured.

 

Our recommendations are that a continuous teaching program be established for the high risk groups; that HCW be urged to report every event of exposure; and to encourage HCW to undergo active immunization against hepatitis B.

מ' פיינסוד

The Surgeon and the Emperor: a Humanitarian on the Battlefield

 

M. Feinsod

 

Dept. of Neurosurgery, Rambam (Maimonides) Medical Center; B. Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa

 

The Baron Dominique-Jean Larrey, one of the greatest names in military surgery, participated as Chief Surgeon in all the Napoleonic campaigns. He developed the concept of early evacuation from the battlefield, and of immediate treatment of the wounded, even under fire. He implemented improved surgical techniques and improved wound care that were followed by surgeons all over Europe. His devotion to wounded soldiers crossed national boundaries and became a way of life. Here is an account of Larrey's involvement in the aftermath of the Battles of Lutzen and Bautzen (May-June 1813), when many soldiers were accused of self-mutilation and were about to be executed. He dared to oppose, singlehanded, the Emperor, the highest military authorities and their concurring physicians and surgeons, armed only by his undisputed honesty, professional authority and exceptional reputation won over years of devotion to wounded soldiers. Larrey saved the lives of many soldiers and set an example of unbent ethical integrity.

פטר יעקובי, אורלי גולדשטיק, רנטו פינקלשטיין ויוסף איצקוביץ-אלדור

Empirical Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections in the Delivery Room

 

Peter Jakobi, Orly Goldstick, Renato Finkelstein, Joseph Itzkovitz-Eldor

 

Obstetrics and Gynecology Dept. and Infectious Disease Unit, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa

 

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common bacterial infection during pregnancy. In prenatal and delivery wards treatment is usually started at once in pregnant women with symptoms suggesting UTI, but there is no uniformity as to treatment. We surveyed such treatment in the delivery rooms throughout Israel, and whether the treatment differed in simple cystitis as opposed to pyelonephritis. Results of positive urine cultures from symptomatic parturients admitted here during 1995-1996 were examined.


There were 17 different empiric treatment protocols in 28 delivery rooms, whose daily cost ranged from 1-119 NIS. We present the antimicrobial sensitivity of 156 bacteria isolated from the urinary cultures from pregnant women in our prenatal ward. Based upon urinary flora, sensitivity and daily cost, we suggest a protocol for empiric treatment. We recommend first and second generation cephalosporins for treatment of simple lower (UTIs), while gentamicin is suggested for treatment of clinical pyelonephritis during pregnancy. There is no medical nor economic justification for the multiplicity of empiric treatment protocols currently used. Considering our results, our protocol is cost-effective for the empiric treatment of UTI in hospitalized parturients and in the community as well.

אברהם ישי ורפאל לובושיצקי

Diagnosis of Hyperprolactinemia: Determination at Rest Rules Out Stress-Induction

 

Avraham Ishay, Rafael Luboshitzky

 

Endocrine Institute, HaEmek Medical Center, Afula and Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa

 

We present 3 women who were referred for evaluation of stress-related mild-to-moderate hyperprolactinemia. This frequent finding may mistakenly be considered a clinical problem, and lead to inappropriate investigation and therapy. We emphasize the importance of serial blood sampling for prolactin determination. We collected blood samples repeatedly under resting conditions from an indwelling venous brachial catheter, every 30 minutes for a total of 6 samples. All 3 patients had normal prolactin levels 30-60 minutes after starting the test. Neither further investigation nor medical therapy were needed and these anxious patients were reassured that their hyperprolactinemia was factitious.

יצחק סרוגו, אירנה צ'יסטיאקוב, אלה כהן, יורם טל ומיכאל יפה

Nasopharyngeal Colonization with Streptococcus Pneumoniae in Pediatric Respiratory Infections

 

Isaac Srugo, Irena Chystiakov, Ella Cohen, Yoram Tal, Michael Jaffe

 

Clinical Microbiology and Pediatric Depts., Bnai Zion Medical Center and Technion Faculty of Medicine, Haifa

 

During the winter of 1995, nasopharyngeal colonization of Streptococcus pneumoniae was evaluated in 204 children with respiratory infection and 107 normal control children. There was no difference in gender or mean age between the groups, and no difference in carrier rate between sick (24.5%) and normal (22%) children (p=0.6). Carrier rates were 19%, 32%, 31% and 17% at 6, 12, 24 and 48 months, respectively. Penicillin-resistant pneumococci (PRP) were found in 42% of sick and 16.6% of normal children, (p<0.05). Resistance to more than 2 antibiotics was found in 28% of sick and in 12.5% of normal children. PRP were found in 67% and 34% of sick children with and without prior antibiotic treatment (p<0.05). We conclude that there is no difference in the carrier rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae between sick and normal children. However, the high prevalence of PRP in children with respiratory infections is probably due to prior antibiotic treatment.

ישראל דודקביץ, משה סלעי ואהרון צ'צ'יק

Concept Management in Penetration of Unusually Shaped Foreign Bodies into Extremities

 

I. Dudkiewicz, M. Salai, A. Chechik

 

Orthopedic Dept., Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

 

During routine emergency room work penetration by foreign objects is frequently encountered, some of which may be very irregular in shape. These may cause further damage if inappropriately removed. It is important to perform a proper X-ray survey.

ניר הילזנרט, עידית ליברטי ולונה אבנון

Spontaneous Internal Jugular Vein Thrombosis Complicating Chronic Pulmonary Disease

 

Nir Hilzenrat, Edit Liberty, Luna Avnon

 

Depts. of Medicine B and E, and Pulmonary Disease Unit, Soroka Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

 

Spontaneous internal jugular thrombosis is a rare vascular disorder. It usually occurs as a result of external pressure due to a tumor, infection or as a result of damage to the vessel wall after trauma or central venous catheterization. We report a 35-year-old woman who suffered from severe pulmonary hypertension due to chronic cystic lung disease. She was admitted due to sudden, severe, right-sided neck pain. Internal jugular occlusion by a thrombus was demonstrated by ultrasound and CT-scans but no apparent cause was found. We postulated that the important factors in the development of her thrombosis were stasis due to pulmonary hypertension and high blood viscosity.

נאסר גטאס, נורמן לוברנט ודוד רמון

Miliary and Reticulo-Nodular Pulmonary Brucellosis

 

Nasser Gattas, Norman Loberant, David Ri

 

Medical Dept. B and Radiology Depts., Western Galilee Regional Hospital, Nahariya and Rappaport Faculof Medicine, The Technion, Haifa

 

Brucellosis is a classical zoonosis caused by a Gram-negative bacillus of the genus Brucella. Human brucellosis can either be acute or chronic and present with a variety of manifestations, mostly with fever and signs of musculo-skeletal involvement. It may be complicated by involvement of the cardiovascular, central nervous or genito-urinary systems. However, pulmonary brucellosis is a rare complication.

We report a case of miliary and reticulo-nodular brucellar pneumonia with positive blood and sputum cultures and positive serological tests. To the best of our knowledge this is the first case to be reported from Israel of miliary pneumonia with sputum positive for brucellosis.

מאיר כהן, ערן תמיר, סובחי אבו-עאיד, יאיר גלילי, מיכאל גלעדי, שמואל אביטל, רפאל שפיר ויוסף קלאוזנר

The Diagnosis and Treatment of Fournier's Gangrene

 

M. Cohen, E. Tamir, S. Abu-Abid, Y. Galili, M. Giladi, S. Avital, R. Shafir, Y. Klausner

 

Surgery and Infectious Disease Depts. and Division of Surgery, Tel Aviv-Sourasky Medical Center, and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

 

We treated 2 women and 8 men suffering from Fournier's gangrene during 1990-96. 2 had diabetes, 1 suffered from ulcerative colitis and 1 was an alcoholic. In 8 of them the infection was triggered by a mixture of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. Treatment consisted of repeated wide debridement and early colostomy. This aggressive approach resulted in relief of the septic signs within 24 hours and permitted early skin grafting of the wounds. 2 patients died due to sepsis that caused multiple organ failure. The 8 who survived were hospitalized for an average of 35 days. On follow-up examination 1-5 years later all patients had undergone closure of the colostomy and were completely rehabilitated.

Fournier's gangrene is not rare in the geriatric population. We believe that early diagnosis and aggressive wide debridement, combined with early colostomy, are the keys to successful treatment.

יונית גולד ושמעון רייף

Aphthous Stomatitis as a First Manifestation of Crohn's Disease in a Child

 

Y. Gold, S. Reif

 

Dana Children's Hospital, Tel Aviv Medical Center

 

The incidence of Crohn's disease has risen dramatically over the past few years. The peak age of onset is in late adolescence, but it rarely occurs in the first few years of life. We describe a 5-year-old boy with recurrent bouts of fever, aphthous stomatitis, and anemia which did not respond to routine antibiotic therapy. It was only after a few months, when the characteristic symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): abdominal pain and diarrhea appeared, that the diagnosis of Crohn's disease was made.

This case illustrates the difficulty in diagnosing IBD in young children. The presenting symptoms of IBD in children are often nonspecific and extra-intestinal. There is usually a low index of suspicion by the physician as to the possibility of IBD in a young child.

15 בנובמבר
משה חשמונאי, דורון קופלמן, אחמד עסליה, יורם קליין, האני בחוס, אלקס בני ויעקב ברוך

Extensive Liver Resection: a Series of 72 Cases

 

Moshe Hashmonai, Doron Kopelman, Ahmed Assalia, Yoram Klein, Hani Bahus, Alex Beny, Yaakov Baruch

 

Depts. of Surgery B, Oncology and Unit for Liver Diseases, Rambam Medical Center and Technion Faculty of Medicine, Haifa

 

Partial liver resection is the treatment of choice for various liver diseases, including primary and secondary (metastatic) malignancies, benign tumors, cysts, abscesses, trauma, etc. Improved knowledge of hepatic anatomy and physiology, improved diagnostic techniques and more developed peri-operative treatment have reduced postoperative morbidity and mortality to acceptable levels.

We present a series of 72 liver resections, the majority of which were liver lobectomies or more extensive procedures performed during 1982-1997. The percentage of postoperative complications, which ranged from 1.3% to 19.4%, and mortality (8.3%; 6/72) are comparable to those of other large series in the world literature. We believe that better appreciation of the surgical potential of Israel by our medical community will improve our therapeutic approach to various liver diseases.

חגית כהן, אורי לונטל, מיכאל מטר, חנוך מיודבניק, זאב קפלן, יאיר קסוטו ומשה קוטלר

Autonomic Dysregulation in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Power Spectral Analysis of Heart Rate Variability

 

Hagit Cohen, Uri Loewenthal, Mike A. Matar, Hanoch Miodownik, Zeev Kaplan, Yair Cassuto, Moshe Kotler

 

Mental Health Center, Israel Ministry of Health; Anxiety and Stress Research Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences; Dept. of Life-Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

 

Spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) has been shown to be a reliable noninvasive test for quantitative assessment of cardiovascular autonomic regulatory response, providing a dynamic map of sympathetic and parasympathetic interaction. In a prior study exploring the state of hyperarousal that characterizes the post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) syndrome, we presented standardized heart rate analyses in 9 patients at rest, which demonstrated clear-cut evidence of a baseline autonomic hyperarousal state.


To examine the dynamics of this hyperarousal state, standardized heart rate analysis was carried out in 9 PTSD patients, compared to a matched control group of 9 normal volunteers. 20-minute ECG recordings in response to a trauma-related cue, as opposed to the resting state, were analyzed. The patients were asked to recount the presumed triggering traumatic event, and the control subjects recounted a significant stressful negative life event.

Whereas the control subjects demonstrated significant autonomic responses to the stressogenic stimulus of recounting major stressful experiences, the patients demonstrated almost no autonomic response to the recounting of the triggering stressful event. The patients demonstrated a degree of autonomic dysregulation at rest comparable to that seen in the control subjects' reaction to the stress model.


The lack of response to the stress model applied in the study appears to imply that PTSD patients experience so great a degree of autonomic hyperactivation at rest, that they are unable to marshal a further stress response to the recounting of the triggering trauma, as compared to control subjects. A subsequent study of the effect of medication on these parameters showed that they are normalized by use of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRI's).


Neither the clinical implications of these findings, nor their physiological mechanisms are clear at present. We presume that they reflect a central effect, as the peripheral automatic effects of SSRI's are relatively negligible.

אלינה וייסמן, ג'ריס שחאדה ואילנה אורן

Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura in AIDS

 

Alina Weisman, Geris Shehada, Ilana Oren

 

Depts. of Medicine A and Hematology, Rambam Medical Center and Technion School of Medicine, Haifa

 

Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is characterized by 5 findings: fever, neurological abnormalities, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, severe thrombocytopenia and renal abnormalities. The syndrome occurs more often in females, usually in their 20's. Since the beginning of the current AIDS epidemic, there have been reports of an association between HIV infection and TTP. We describe a 31-year-old man with HIV who developed TTP, and review the literature.

ארנה גייר

Nonpenetrating Deep Sclerectomy

 

Orna Geyer

 

Ophthalmology Dept., Tel Aviv-Sourasky Medical Center

 

This is the first report from Israel of nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy (DS), a new operation for the surgical management of glaucoma. It facilitates ocular fluid drainage without entering the eye. It involves performance of a conjunctival flap and creation of a 565 mm superficial scleral flap. A deeper scleral flap is dissected off the scleral bed together with the roof of the canal and corneal stroma, leaving behind the wall of the canal and membrane. Aqueous will flood the dissected area. A collagen device is then sutured to the scleral bed, the superficial scleral flap sutured into position and the conjunctiva closed. With this procedure, the surgeon can avoid the common complications of conventional glaucoma surgery.

 

We report a 6-month follow-up of 15 patients after DS. Mean preoperative intraocular pressure was 26.7+2.5 mm Hg, which decreased to 15.5+4.7. After 6 months there was no change in visual acuity after surgery. DS is associated with good middle-term intraocular pressure control and a low rate of postoperative complications. It is therefore a good alternative to standard glaucoma surgery.

מיכאל קראוס וסימון-דניאל דואק

Is Ileostomy Necessary In Surgical Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis and Familial Polyposis?

 

Michael M. Krausz, Simon Daniel Duek

 

Dept. of Surgery A, Rambam Medical Center, Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa

 

Proctolectomy with ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) has become the procedure of choice for the surgical treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) and familial polyposis (FP). Ithas traditionally been performed in 2 stages, but recently the necessity for an ileostomy hbeen challenged by several authors who recommend a 1-stage procedure.

 

5 years ago we started to test this policy for treatment of UC and FP. In 48 patients (Group A), 45 with UC, the 2-step procedure, and in 17 of the 27 in Group B with FP, the 1-stage procedure were performed. The indications for surgery were intractable UC in 37 patients in group A and in 5 patients in Group B (p<0.01).

 

Postoperative infection due to bowel leakage developed in 2 in Group A and in 6 in Group B (p<0.01). Reoperation was necessary in 4 patients (15%) in Group B and only 1 (0.9%) in Group A (p<0.01). Bowel leakage in Group B occurred in 5 (19%) with UC and in only 1 with FP (p<0.05), which responded to medical treatment. All those with UC who developed this complication were relatively malnourished, with serum albumin levels lower than 3.0 g% and were regulated with corticosteroids.

 

We therefore conclude that the 2-stage IPAA is feasible and safe for the treatment of UC and FP. The 1-stage IPAA should be limited only to FP or good risk UC patients.

י' קלוגר, י' פז, נ' גברט, ב' שגיא וא' קרמר

Open Reduction and Internal Sternal Fracture Fixation

 

Y. Kluger, Y. Paz, N. Gebart, B. Sagie, A. Kremer

 

Rabin Trauma Center and Dept. of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Tel Aviv-Souraski Medical Center and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

 

We describe a 63-year-old woman who sustained a sternal fracture after a motor vehicle crash. Due to persistent pain, open reduction and internal fixation of the sternal fracture were performed; recovery was uneventful.

הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303