עמוד בית
יום ו, 22.01.21

פברואר 1998

1 בפברואר
אילון לחמן וצבי פינלט

Experience with Under-Water Birth


Eylon Lachman, Zvi Finelt


Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yoseftal Hospital, Eilat


Underwater birth is now deemed an acceptable type of delivery. Safety is a recurring consideration, the main concern being that of drowning. But in reports of 19,000 underwater births no untoward events were noted. Also, need for pain relief and of intervention during labor were both reduced. The short term indicators of neonatal outcome were good. A recent review explains 5 different physiological factors which inhibit initiation of fetal breathing under warm water. Many studies have shown no increase in risk of infection of either mother or baby. We report our experience with 26 women, 23 of whom actually delivered in the pool with excellent results. We believe that birth under water is safe and beneficial if done properly for low-risk patients.

איריס שי, שמעון ויצמן ויצחק לוי

Effects of Vertical Banded Gastroplasty on Weight, Quality of Life and Nutrition


Iris Shai, Shimon Weitzman, Izhak Levy


Depts. of Epidemiology and Surgery, Soroka Medical Center and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba


We examined the long term results of vertical banded gastroplasty 3-10 years after operation. They were assessed by weight lost, incidence and severity of untoward effects and improvement in diet and in quality of life in 75 of 122 who had had the operation. Average weight lost was 28.5±14.9 kg (p<0.001) in 5 years and 58.6±30.4% of excess weight, which brought patients to within 32±25.2% of ideal weight. According to these measures, in 63-76% the operation had been successful in causing weight loss. The 2 criteria for successful weight loss were loss of more than 50% of weight in excess of ideal body weight and residual body weight less than 50% greater than ideal body weight. There was a greater risk of failure in unmarried subjects older than 45 (odds ratio for not losing weight was 6; in those weighing more than 120 kg it was 9). We saw evidence of this mostly 4 years after operation (odds ratio 11). The degree of success in weight loss was correlated with texture of food (softness) preferred and length of operation. Of those interviewed, only 65% were satisfied with their results. The greatest improvement in quality of life measurements was in physical activity, perception of health, and frequency of feeling depressed. Side-effects were vomiting, reflux and fatigue. Only 34.7% were able to digest solid foods, so that subjects are at risk for nutritional deficiencies.

* Based on MS thesis in epidemiology of Iris Shai.

אברהם זינרייך, בוריס גוחשטיין, אלכסנדר גרינשפון, מרים מירון, יהודית רוזנמן ויששכר בן-דב

Recurrent Tuberculosis in a Psychiatric Hospital


A. Zeenreich, B. Gochstein, A. Grinshpoon, M. Miron, J. Rosenman, I. Ben-Dov


Pulmonary and Radiology Institutes, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Tel Aviv University; Israel Ministry of Health; and Gan Meged Hospital


During 1987-1996, 39 of 720 patients hospitalized (most for severe schizophrenia) were diagnosed as having active pulmonary tuberculosis (5.4%, 975 per 105 per year). In 1992-1993, after a cluster of 5 cases was found, all patients were screened by PPD skin test and chest X-ray and 16 more cases were identified. Diagnosis was confirmed bacteriologically in only 10 of them but there were typical radiological findings in the others. 39 were treated with a multi-drug regimen. In addition, 333 exposed patients and 21% who had converted their skin tests were given isoniazid preventive therapy. A small increase in levels of liver enzymes was common, but significant abnormality (over 4 times the upper limit of normal) was found in only 7 patients, in whom therapy was therefor stopped or changed. During a follow-up period of 4 years, 2 more developed tuberculosis and 33 converted their PPD reactivity status. We conclude that an outbreak of tuberculosis in a psychiatric hospital can be controlled with a relatively low rate of side-effects by using systematic diagnostic and therapeutic measures. However, single step screening is not sufficient. Routine screening of all new patients, a high index of suspicion and contact investigation are needed.

יורם מנחם, צבי ויצמן, חיים לוקר ושמואל אודס

Clinical Characteristics of Crohn's Disease in Children and Adults


Yoram Menachem, Zvi Weizman, Chaim Locker, Shmuel Odes


Gastroenterological Institute and Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition Unit, Soroka Medical Center and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba


There are few reports contrasting the clinical characteristics of Crohn's disease in different age groups. We therefore compared retrospectively children and adults with Crohn's disease. 23 children (mean age: 12.8±2.5 years) and 66 adults (mean age: 27.0±4.0 years) were studied. Presenting symptoms of abdominal pain and diarrhea were significantly more common in adults, while in children anorexia and weight loss were more frequent. Children tended to present with extra-gastrointestinal tract symptoms as well, mainly anemia and joint involvement. Common symptoms during active disease did not differ between groups, except that weight loss, evident in all children, was found in only 70% of adults. Anemia was present during active disease in all pediatric cases but in only 62% of adults. There were no significant differences between groups regarding disease location, gastrointestinal complications and extra-intestinal manifestations. We conclude that in children Crohn's disease may differ significantly, mainly presenting with nonclassical symptoms, such as anemia and joint involvement. The primary care physician should be aware of these differences.

רון בן אברהם, נח ליברמן, צבי רם, סילביה קלמפנר ועזריאל פרל

Propofol Anesthesia for Craniotomy in Patients who are Awake


Ron Ben Abraham, Noah Lieberman, Zvi Ram, Sylvia Klempner, Azriel Perel


Depts. of Anesthesia and Intensive Care and of Neurosurgery, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


During craniotomy, the patient's cooperation is needed during procedures in which continuous neurological examination and mapping of crucial regions close to the area to be resected area are required. We report our experience in 9 patients who underwent such procedures under intravenous propofol as the main sedating agent. This short-acting hypnotic was administered prior to and during the painful stages of the procedure. Patients were fully asleep when the skull was opened and the dural flap raised or excised. During the rest of the operation patients were lightly sedated but remained responsive and cooperative. This enabled precise intra-operative mapping of the brain and surgery-related neurological deficits were avoided. Respiratory depression or hemodynamic compromise were not encountered. All patients were comfortable during the operation and there were no additional neurological deficits after operation. We believe that propofol should be the main sedating agent used for these procedures.

חיים בן עמי ויהודה עדות

Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria


Haim Ben-Ami, Yehuda Edoute


Medical Dept. C, Rambam Medical Center and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa


Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare, acquired disorder of blood cells which originate from an abnormal hematopoietic stem cell. The condition is characterized by nocturnal hemoglobinuria, chronic hemolytic anemia, and thrombosis. We describe a 60-year-old woman with PNH admitted with abdominal pain and jaundice, who had dark urine on arising after a night's sleep. The diagnosis was established by the typical clinical story and a positive Ham test. She was successfully treated with Halotestin and folic acid. Although PNH is rare, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of hemolytic anemia. Early diagnosis and treatment are important.

ח' סמו, א' אדונסקי וא' גרוסמן

Orthostatic Hypotension as a Manifestation of Malignant Lymphoproliferative Disease


H. Semo, A. Adunsky, E. Grossman


Depts. of Geriatric Medicine and of Medicine D, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer


An 85-year-old man was admitted with 6-month history of incapacitating orthostatic hypotension. Investigation led to the discovery of sympathetic dysautonomia, sensorimotneuropathy and malignant lymphoproliferative disease. Several attempts to treat the orhypotension or the neoplastic disease failed to improve his condition. Orthostatic hypotension precipitated by sympathetic dysautonomia may be an infrequent effect of early malignant lymphoproliferative disease.

דן בר-זהר, יניב שרר, חנה מנור, אמיר פאר, סימון שטראוס ואריאל הלוי

Epidermoid Cyst of the Spleen


Dan Bar-Zohar, Yaniv Sherer, Hana Manor, Amir Peer, Simon Strauss, Ariel Halevy


Dept. of Surgery B and Institute of Radiology, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


Splenic cysts are rarely found or diagnosed. Excluding cases of trauma, the events preceding their development have not been fully understood. We describe a 22-year-old woman in her 34th week of pregnancy in whom ultrasound revealed a cystic lesion 8610 cm. in diameter in the left upper abdomen. Further imaging tests followed by laparotomy confirmed the splenic origin of the cyst. Splenectomy was performed and the lesion was histopathologically defined as an epidermoid cyst.


נטע נוצר, דליה מגידו, רות אברמוביץ ומיכאל וינגרטן

Correlation between Success in Specialty Examinations and Learning Methods of Family Medicine Residents


Netta Notzer, Dahlia Megiddo, Ruth Abramowitz, Michael Weingarten


Medical Education Unit, Family Medicine Section, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


Learning methods chosen by residents in family medicine during their residency and the correlation between them and achievement in the written specialty exams (Stage 1) were investigated. The learning patterns studied were: structured learning (certification course, study with a tutor, staff meetings, conferences) and self-learning (textbooks, journals, the Hebrew publication "Update," and audio tapes). Of 184 residents who took the examination in 1994-5, 104 responded to a questionnaire as to preferences for the various learning aids and satisfaction with their use. There was no correlation between use of a given learning method and success in the examination. Significantly more candidates preferred self-learning, especially among those who were successful, but also among some who failed the examination. There was no direct connection between the examination and the high level requirements of the residency program, for which up-to-date, integrated knowledge based on self-learning is needed.

15 בפברואר
חיים קנובלר, שלומית כץ, אינסה פוליאקוב ורמונה דורסט

Enhancing Cultural Sensitivity of Psychiatrists from Russia


Haim Y. Knobler, Shlomit Katz, Inessa Poliakova, Rimona Durst


Jerusalem Mental Health Center, Kfar Shaul Hospital, Jerusalem


The importance of understanding the local culture and enhancing cultural sensitivity became evident during supervision of immigrant psychiatrists from the former Soviet Union. The aim of the present study was to describe enhancement of this cultural sensitivity in the supervision of 2 immigrant psychiatrists. In the first, understanding the patient's cultural world helped the immigrant psychiatrist form the therapeutic alliance. In the second, the immigrant psychiatrist's understanding of the patient's cultural background led him to change both diagnosis and treatment. In both cases, development of cultural sensitivity through supervision enabled successful treatment. Enhancement of cultural sensitivity may accelerate absorption of the immigrant psychiatrists themselves. Discussing cultural issues during work may accelerate the absorption of all immigrant physicians.

דוד ב' ויס, אלחנן בר-און, שושנה גוטשלק-סבג וצבי צוקרמן

Does Testicular Volume Reflect Spermatogenic Pattern in Azoospermia?


David B. Weiss, Elchanan Bar-On, Shoshana Gottschalk-Sabag, Zvi Zukerman


Kupat Holim Mehuhedet and Male Infertility and Cytology Units, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem; and Andrology Unit, Rabin Medical Center (Beilinson Campus) Petah Tikva


The aim of this study was to determine whether testicular volume can serve to predict patterns of spermatogenesis in azoospermia. In 27 tests of azoospermic infertile men, cytological specimens from several sites from each testis were obtained by fine needle aspiration. Testes were classified according to the most mature spermatogenic cell type. Classifications were testes with spermatozoa, with arrested spermatogenic development, and with only Sertoli cells. Prior to fine needle aspiration the 3 dimensions of each testis were determined ultrasonically and its volume calculated. Mean testicular volume (±SD) was 7.71 (±5.95) ml for testes with spermatozoa and 7.55 (±2.35) and 7.31 (±4.42) ml for testes with spermatogenic maturation arrest and with only Sertoli cells, respectively (differences not significant). It is concluded that testicular volume can not be used as a predictive parameter, neither for the presence of spermatozoa nor for the cytological pattern of the testes of azoospermic infertile men.

עאיד מחאג'נה, דאוד שריף, בועז וולר, אדוארד אבינדר ובנימין שרף

Diagnosis of Cerebral Embolism by Transesophageal Echocardiography


A. Mahagney, D. Sharif, B. Weller, E. Abineder, B. Sharf


Depts. of Neurology and Cardiology, Bnai Zion Hospital, Haifa


Cerebrovascular events have high mortality and morbidity, especially in the elderly. Ischemia is the main cause and 30% of the ischemic events are embolic and of cardiac origin. The clinical picture is not always typical of the type of stroke, but diagnosis of the mechanism of the event determines treatment. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a sensitive procedure more appropriate for diagnosing emboli of cardiac origin than transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). We therefor compared TEE and TTE in the determination of the source of emboli in 65 patients with ischemic stroke but without significant atherosclerotic changes in their carotid arteries, and compared these findings with those in 50 patients without stroke. 68% of the patients had potential sources of emboli according to TEE, compared to only 15% according to TTE. In the control group only 24% had potential sources of emboli by TEE. The findings were: clots in the left atrium, severe aortic atheroma, patent foramen ovale with paradoxical shunt, spontaneous echocardiography contrast, vegetations and mitral valve prolapse. The study showed that TEE is better than TTE in detecting the etiology of embolic stroke in those with normal carotid arteries, thus determining appropriate management.

מויסי מולדבסקי, אלכסנדר סזבון, נינה קוצ'רסקי וחנה טורני

Screening for Transitional Cell Carcinoma of the Bladder with Trophoblastic Differentiation


M. Moldavsy, A. Sazbon, N. Kuchersky, H. Turani


Division of Cytology and Depts. of Urology and of Pathology, Rebecca Sieff Government Hospital, Safed


Urinary bladder carcinoma with trophoblastic differentiation (TD) is a variant of urothelial (transitional cell) carcinoma (TCC) which secretes placental proteins, predominantly beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). An aggressive clinical course and a poor prognosis are characteristic of this tumor. We evaluated the frequency and clinical and pathological appearance of TCC-TD in the Upper Galilee and Golan Heights between 1988 and 1995 inclusive. Beta HCG, human placental lactogen (HPL), pregnancy specific beta-1 glycoprotein (SP-1) and placental alkaline phosphatase were determined immunohistochemically in paraffin-embedded TCC of urinary bladder. Tumor grade, stage and patient survival were also determined. There was beta-HCG immunostaining in 13 of 62 cases (20.9%). TD was correlated with higher grades of TCC and with advanced stages of disease. No cases of TCC-TD were found in grade 1, stage 0. Co-expression of beta-HCG and HPL was displayed in 2 cases, beta-HCG and SP-1 in 9, and beta-HCG, HPL and SP-1 in 2. Disease-free survival and overall survival were shorter in TCC-TD.

איריס ברשק, ג'נט שיבי, עופר שפילברג ויחזקאל סידי

Recurrent Syncope as a Presenting Symptom of Systemic Mastocytosis


Iris Barshack, Ginette Schiby, Ofer Shpilberg, Yechezkel Sidi


Pathology Dept., Hematology Institute and Medical Dept. C, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer


A 48-year-old man presented with recurrent syncope which was preceded by facial edema and difficulty in breathing. Physical examination, laboratory tests, abdominal CT and bone scan were all within normal limits. Bone marrow biopsy was consistent with mastocytosis. Systemic mastocytosis consists of a spectrum of disorders characterized by aberrant proliferation of tissue mast cells, and are mainly related to mast cell mediator release.

אלי שילוח, אליעזר זקלר, משה הורוביץ ואיתן סקפה

Hepatocellular Damage after Using Ecstasy


E. Shiloach, E. Zecler, M. Horowiz, E. Scapa


Depts. of Medicine C and Gastroenterology, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin (Affiliated with Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University)


Ecstasy is a stimulant used mainly by youngsters to get 'high.' There are few reports of acute injury of the liver due to ecstasy. We describe a 37-year-old woman who presented with the clinical picture of recurrent hepatitis following ingestion of the drug. After several months she developed liver cirrhosis shown by biopsy and CT scanning. This case emphasizes the potential danger of ecstasy. Every patient with hepatitis of unknown origin must be questioned about ingestion of the drug.

ירון וייזל, אהוד ראט, נסים אוחנה ודן עטר

Pelvic Lytic Lesion and Osteoporosis-Related Fractures


Yaron Weisel, Ehud Rath, Nissim Ohana, Dan Atar


Orthopedic Dept., Soroka Medical Center and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba


Insufficiency fractures of the pelvis may be overlooked as a cause of hip or groin pain. These fractures occur in the elderly, usually those with pronounced osteopenia of the pelvis. Predisposing factors include corticosteroids, local irradiation and postmenopausal osteoporosis. These fractures are difficult to detect clinically and plain radiographs and other studies may be misleading, delaying diagnosis and treatment. A 65-year-old woman had left groin and hip pain for 2 months with no history of trauma. Plain radiographs showed lytic lesions in the left pubic rami. Bone scan revealed increased uptake in that region, suggesting metastatic bone disease. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated fractures in the left superior and inferior pubic rami, with callus formation with no involvement of soft tissues. Quantitative computed tomography indicated low calcium concentration, below fracture threshold. The diagnosis of insufficiency fractures of the pelvis was confirmed by the favorable clinical and radiographic outcome. It is therefore important to be familiar with the appearance and location of these fractures.

מ' קליגמן ומ' רופמן

Intra-Osseous Ganglion of Scaphoid and Lunate Bones


M. Kligman, M. Roffman


Dept. of Surgery, Carmel Medical Center, Haifa


We present a patient with intra-osseous ganglion of the left scaphoid and lunate bone. These were excised and a bone graft inserted. 1 year after operation the patient was free of pain, without limitation of wrist motion. Intra-osseous ganglion of the carpal bone is not common and lunate and scaphoid intra-osseous ganglion has rarely been reported. Awareness of this condition may lead to earlier diagnosis and treatment, with satisfactory outcome.

הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
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