עמוד בית
יום ו, 22.01.21

אוקטובר 1999


1 באוקטובר
גיל בר-סלע, ג'ורג'טה פריד, ציפורה ברוטמן, אנה רבקין, ריבה בורוביק ואברהם קוטן

Breast Conservation: Safe for Early Breast Cancer

 

Gil Bar-Sella, Georgetta Fried, Zipora Brotman, Anna Ravkin, Riva Borovik, Abraham Kuten

 

Dept. of Oncology, Rambam Medical Center; Dept. of Oncology, Lin Medical Center; and Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion, Haifa

 

Between 1981-1993 581 women with primary breast cancer were treated by breast conservation. Their mean age was 56‏12 years and 63% were postmenopausal and 37% pre- or perimenopausal. The median follow-up time was 56 months. 45% had pathological Stage I disease, 49% Stage II, 2.5% Stage III and 3.5% clinical Stage I-II disease. 54% of lesions were excised with good margins, 10% with close margins (<0.5 cm), 9% with microscopic residual, 3% with macroscopic residual, and in 24% margins were not reported. Adjuvant therapy, consisting of combination chemotherapy and/or hormones, was given to 69%.

 

Radiotherapy, usually 50 Gy tangential photon irradiation to the whole breast, was given to 564 (97%); an electron or photon "boost" to the tumor with a median dose of 17.5 Gy was given to 378 (65%). Most of those with positive nodes received 50 Gy to the lymphatic drainage system.

1 year after radiotherapy cosmetic results were rated as "good" or "excellent" in 80%, "moderate" in 17% and "poor" in 3%. The 5-year actuarial survival was 97% in Stage I and 88% in Stage II. 37 patients (6.5%) developed breast recurrence; 11 of these (2%) had simultaneous distant metastases. 5 (<1%) developed axillary or supraclavicular lymph node metastases, and 81 (14%) developed distant metastases. Most local recurrences were in those younger than 40, and in those with primary tumors >1.75 cm.

 

The satisfactory level of local control achieved is attributed to the high doses of radiation (up to 75 Gy) administered to those with high risk lesions.

מרק ויינברג, ברוך קלין ויצחק וינוגרד

One-Stage Surgery for Hirschsprung's Disease in Children

 

Mark Weinberg, Baruch Klin, Itzhak Vinograd

 

Dept. of Pediatric Surgery, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

 

Traditionally Hirschsprung's disease has been treated by 2-or 3-stage procedures. During the past 6 years a 1-stage Duhamel procedure without stoma has become our treatment of choice for Hirschsprung's disease in neonates and young infants. Over a 6-year period, 15 infants and children with colonic Hirschsprung's disease were treated with the 1-stage Duhamel retro-rectal pull-through procedure without a stoma, with the Lester-Martin modification. All patients had the usual short segment aganglionosis, but 1 had a long segment which included the splenic flexure.

Early complications included wound infection in 1 and minor rectal bleeding in 3. Late complications included constipation in 1 and enterocolitis in 4. Long-term functional results were very good in all those operated except for 1 with rectal achalasia.

 

We conclude that Hirschsprung's disease can be successfully treated with a 1-stage pull-through operation, the child usually benefitting from the shorter hospital stay and the avoidance of a colostomy.

בני אבידן, בתיה וויס, יהודה חוברס, אניטה יונש, שמעון בר מאיר ונתן קלר

Sensitivity and Resistance of Helicobacter Pylori to Antibiotic Treatment

 

Benny Avidan, Batia Weiss, Yeuda Chowers, Anita Younash, Simon Bar-Meir, Nathan Keler

 

Dept. of Gastroenterology and Microbiology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer

 

Resistance to antibiotics is considered the main reason for failure to eradicate Helicobacter pylori (HP). Resistance rates are different in developed and developing countries and are not known for Israel. We studied HP resistance rates in 40 patients who underwent esophagoduodenoscopy for various indications and were found to have gastric HP colonies.

 

Sensitivity was determined by E-test, using clarythromycin, amoxycillin, clindamycin, erythromycin and metronidazole. The resistance rate for metronidazole was up to 67% but that for clindamycin was only 10%. HP was very sensitive to both macrolide antibiotics, erythromycin and clarythromycin.

ב' פורטר

Computerization in a Community Health Service Provider

 

Boaz Porter

 

Maccabi Health Services, Beer Sheba

 

As the second largest health service provider organization in Israel, we have been progressively computerized. The process was begun in 1988, focusing on improving administrative and financial processes.

 

Today there is a single centralized database for 6,000 users. The system monitors member eligibility, accounting procedures and clinical processes, including diagnoses, laboratory tests, imaging procedures and drug-prescribing. The potential of the computer for physician support is now being realized through integration of clinical guidelines and reminder systems into the computerized clinical record. In addition, the centralized database is used for quality improvement, facilitating cost-effective drug-prescribing and efficient use of technology.

The establishment of a computerized working environment for 2,000 physicians and 4,000 other healthcare workers serving 1.3 million patients is a unique model for the development of community health services. Data regarding demographics, disease patterns, drug-prescribing, use of new technology and costs are now readily available to all, from senior management to the individual physician in independent practice.

 

The computer revolution has also presented a new set of problems such patient-record confidentiality and the effect of the computer on the physician-patient encounter.

איה פלג, רוני פלג ופסח שוורצמן

Knowledge, Attitudes and Training of Family Physicians with Regard to Addiction to Illicit Drugs

 

Aya Peleg, Roni Peleg, Pesach Shvartzman

 

Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Unit, and Dept. of Family Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

 

Substance abuse is one of the most serious problems in Israel. Recent studies show the situation is getting worse. The deleterious outcomes of psychoactive substance abuse include crime, car accidents, physical and mental illness, violence and work injuries.

 

48 family physicians in the Negev completed a questionnaire which included training, diagnostic and treatment skills, attitudes, knowledge and need for training in this field. 38 family physicians (81%) had had no training, most (96%) indicated the importance of such training. 34 (71%) said that their medical skills could not cope with the problems of addiction, and 29 (64.5%) claimed that the quality of care of addict patients is reduced because of lack of knowledge and diagnostic skills. These findings support the conclusion that efforts should be invested in training family physicians in the field of psychoactive drugs, licit and illicit.

לוציאן מוסקוביץ ואבי בלייך

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder with Psychotic Features

 

Lucian Moskowits, Avi Bleich

 

Dept. of Psychiatry, Tel Aviv-Sourasky Medical Center and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

 

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is often accompan-ied by psychiatric comorbidity, usually depressive and anxiety disorders. Comorbidity with psychosis has seldom been described. We present 6 case-studies of Israeli military veterans with PTSD and psychosis (all men aged 28-43). All developed PTSD shortly after a period of months or even years, sometimes following trauma-related triggering. Psychotic symptoms such as delusions or auditory hallucinations usually had paranoid or depressive features related in content to the traumatic experience. The combined course and interaction between PTSD and psychotic disorder is discussed, as well as the diagnosis of PTSD with psychotic features.

חיים קנובלר, דורית בן עמי, אורנה אינטרטור, שלומית כץ, דניאלה משה ויעקב לרנר

Symptom Severity among Chronic Schizophrenics in Hospital and in the Community

 

Haim Y. Knobler, Dorit Ben Ami, Orna Intrator, Shlomit Katz, Daniela Moshe, Yaacov Lerner

 

Jerusalem Mental Health Center, Falk Institute of Psychiatric and Behavioral Studies, and Dept. of Statistics, Hebrew Universitry of Jeruselam

 

We compared severity of symptoms of chronic schizophrenics in a psychiatric hospital with those treated in its outpatient clinics.

 

The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale and the Mini-Mental State examination were used to assess the schizophrenic symptoms and cognitperformance, respectively, of 25 chronic schizophrenic inpatients matched for gender, age and education with 25 chronic scoutpatients. The Global Assessment Scale and the Clinical Global Impression Scale were used to test global functioning. Assessment included psychiatric and medical history and treatment and demographic characteristics.

 

In-patients had significantly more positive, negative and general psychiatric symptoms. Their cognitive and general functioning were impaired. Most in-patients also had medical problems. Age of onset of schizophrenia among the in-patients was younger.

 

Results show a marked difference in severity of symptoms and level of functioning between chronic schizophrenic in-patients and out-patients. These differences should be considered in the planning of discharge of chronic in-patients from psychiatric hospitals into the community.

אילן כהן, יהודה קולנדר, ג'וזפין איסקוב, אהרון צ'צ'יק ויצחק מלר

Elastofibroma, a Rare Cause of Snapping Scapula Syndrome

 

Ilan Cohen, Yehuda Kolender, Josephine Isakov, Aaron Chechick, Yitzhak Meller

 

Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Depts. of Orthopedic Oncology and Pathology, Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv

 

Scapular pain is a common complaint in daily orthopedic practice. A different type of scapular discomfort, the snapping scapula syndrome that occurs when smooth gliding motion of the scapula upon the chest wall is interfered with is much less common.

 

We studied the syndrome of periscapular pain and discomfort, and present a rare etiology: elastofibroma dorsi, a unique, benign, soft tissue-tumor with unique characteristics.

Elastofibroma appears deep to the lower scapular pole, is often bilateral, and consists of a mixture of collagen, elastic fibers and fibroblasts. We present 6 cases, in 3 men and 3 women aged 51-65.

נגה רייכמן, מאזן אליאס, ראול רז ועדית פלטאו

Cryptococcal Meningitis Following Cryptococcal Pneumonia in an Immunocompetent

 

N. Reichman, M. Elias, R. Raz, E. Flatau

 

Dept. of Internal Medicine B and Infectious Disease Unit, HaEmek Hospital, Afula and Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion, Haifa

 

Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is common in the immunocompromised (especially due to AIDS), but also occurs in immunocompetent subjects. CM can complicate cryptococcal pneumonia (CP) not only in the immunocompromised but also in the immunocompetent. We describe a healthy 26-year-old man who developed a prolonged lung infection. Diagnosis of cryptococcal pneumonia was established from bronchoscopic washings. He recovered spontaneously, so no antifungal treatment was given.

4 months later he was admitted with cryptococcal meningitis and was treated successfully with amphotericin B. An extensive immunologic study revealed no abnormalities. Since CM can complicate cryptococcal pneumonia, it is recommended that patients with CP be followed, even if recovery is apparently complete.

רפאל כראל ועינת שיינר

Evaluation of Clinical Findings in Occupational Health Examinations

 

Rafael Carel, Eynat Scheiner

 

Dept. of Occupational Medicine, Kupat Holim, Negev Region and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

 

Findings in occupational health examinations of a regional service are analyzed. The service provides pre-employment, surveillance and work-capacity evaluations for about 150,000 workers from many types of work-sites and occupations. The average number of pre-employment examinations (during 1993-97) was 4,800/year, and there were relevant pathological findings in about 6.6%. Most findings involved the respiratory (11%) and cardiovascular systems (10%) or eyes (10%).

 

The average annual number of surveillance system examinations was 10,750. There were relevant findings in about 16%, mainly of the respiratory system (17%) and noise-induced hearing damage (about 80%).

 

Work-capacity examinations constituted about 35% of the work-load (9,250 examinees/year). In 53% a significant health problem affecting an individual's job performance was identified. Pathological findings were found in the musculoskeletal (21%), cardiovascular (7.5%), respiratory (3%), and neurological systems (2%).

 

Occupational health examinations can identify areas in which prevention and intervention or cooperation with other medical specialties are indicated, as well as specific topics requiring further training of occupational physicians.

הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
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