עמוד בית
יום ו, 22.01.21

ספטמבר 1999


1 בספטמבר
אריה אלדד

Burns in Children in Israel: Epidemiology, Prevention and Treatment

 

Arieh Eldad

 

Medical Corps, Israel Defense Forces and Burns Unit, Hadassah University Hospital, Ein Kerem, Jerusalem

 

45% of all hospitalized burn casualties in Israel are children younger than 16 years old. In various hospitals they make up 30-60% of all burn casualties, depending on the proportion of children in the area of hospital intake, social and economic factors and the type of hospital. Length of hospitalization of children is shorter than that of the general population (7.3 vs 9.0 days). Scalding is the main cause of thermal injuries among babies and infants (70%), while fire burns are the most common causes among adolescents (56.5%); 90% of babies are injured at home; only 40% of adolescents are burned in home accidents.

In Israel, burned children are treated in 25 different hospitals and in departments of pediatric surgery, plastic surgery, general surgery, pediatrics or burn departments. There is no pediatric burn unit in Israel.

מנחם נוימן, בוריס צוקרמן, משה זילברמן, עמיצור פרקש ועוזי בלר

Tension-Free Vaginal Tape: A New Surgical Treatment of Female Urinary Stress Incontinence

 

M. Neuman, B. Zuckerman, M. Zilberman, A. Farkash, U. Beller

 

Division of Gynecologic Surgery and Oncology, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem

 

Female urinary stress incontinence diminishes the quality of life of about 5% of women. It is usually dealt with by surgery to correct the relaxed pelvic floor, the cause of the incontinence.

Tension-free vaginal tape is used in a newly described procedure. It consists of the vaginal introduction of a prolene needle-guided mid-urethral sling. The procedure is easy to perform under local anesthesia, recovery is rapid, and results are similar to those of other effective operations.

We report 44 patients who underwent this type of surgery. There were no significant complications. The early results were good and although the follow-up has been short, we believe that experience with this operation will play an important role in the treatment of urinary stress incontinence.

אברהם ירצקי, יעקב פלדמן וקרולה ויגדר

Infective Endocarditis Presenting as Polyarticular Septic Arthritis

 

Abraham Yaretzky, Jacob Feldman, Carola Vigder

 

Geriatric Dept., Meir Hospital, Kfar-Saba and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

 

We report acute polyarthritis in an 86-year-old man which was initially considered to be an exacerbation of osteoarthritis. After a delay of a few days a diagnosis of septic polyarthritis as an initial symptom of infective endocarditis was made. Although rheumatic manifestations in infective endocarditis are common, septic polyarthritis is rarely seen. In our patient the course of the disease was rapidly fatal.

מרדכי מרק, רחל מגנזי, אסנת לוקסנבורג, מרים זיבצינר ויהושע שמר

Clozapine in the Treatment of Schizophrenia

 

M. Mark, R. Magnezi, O. Luxenburg, M. Siebzehner, J. Shemer

 

Israel Center for Technology Assessment in Health Care, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

 

Schizophrenia is associated with brain abnormalities and is typically evidenced by disorganized speech and behavior, delusions, and hallucinations; it usually requires extended hospitalization. Its incidence in the western world is estimated at 4-7 cases/10,000/year.

A method of shortening hospitalization and improving level of functioning is the use of unique medication, including clozapine, which has been in use in Israel for the past 6 years.

We report 327 patients who participated in a community rehabilitation program and were treated with clozapine. They were compared with 417 patients who corresponded to the guidelines of the Director of Mental Health Services for treatment with clozapine, but were not treated with it for reasons not defined in the guidelines.

The study included those 25-44 and 45-64 years of age and according to the division of the population of patients hospitalized in both government and private hospitals. The project demonstrates the savings from use of clozapine as opposed to the alternative of hospitalizing these patients. It also shows the complexity and difficulty in assimilating new technologies, in relation to the influence of social considerations and supplier/insurer accounting on the patterns of technological assimilation.

תאופיק זועבי, אדיר פיבישביץ ומיכאל אלקן

Severe Pneumonia Caused by Bordetella Bronchiseptica

 

Taufik Zuabi, Adir Faivisevitz, Michael L. Alkan

 

Yoseftal Hospital, Eilat; Soroka Medical Center, Tel Hashomer; and Ben Gurion University Center for Health Sciences, Beer Sheba

 

Bordetella bronchiseptica rarely causes disease in man, and is an unusual pathogen in animals. It causes a pertussis-like syndrome, but pneumonia and sepsis have been described in the immunocompromised as well as in the immunocompetent. A 53-year-old man with adult-onset diabetes and healed pulmonary tuberculosis presented with lobar pneumonia and rapidly developed septic shock with adult respiratory distress syndrome. He responded well to the combination of piperacillin-tazobactam.

רפאלי, דוד סימנסקי, מיכאל פלאי ואלון ילין

Plication of Diaphragm for Postoperative, Phrenic Nerve Injury in Infants and Young Children

 

Yael Refaely, David A. Simansky, Michael Paley, Alon Yellin

 

Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

 

Paralysis of the diaphragm may cause life-threatening respiratory distress in infants and young children because of paradoxical motion of the affected diaphragm and contralateral shift of the mediastinum during expiration. Phrenic nerve injury (PNI) may follow chest operations.

10 children with diaphragmatic paralysis and severe respiratory distress underwent plication of the diaphragm. Ages ranged from 14 days to 5 years. 9 had PNI after operations for congenital heart disease and 1 after resection of an intraspinal cervical lipoma. The right side was affected in 7, the left in 3.

Indication for surgery was inability to wean from mechanical ventilation, which had ranged from 11 to 152 days (median 35). 8 underwent plication via a thoracic approach and 2 via an abdominal approach. There were no complications directly related to the operation.

The interval from plication to weaning from mechanical ventilation ranged from 2 to 140 days (median 4). 1 patient died 2 hours after plication due to severe heart failure and 2 after prolonged hospitalization due to sepsis and multi-organ failure. 6 were extubated 2-8 days (median 4) after plication and 1 only after 40 days.

Early diaphragmatic plication is simple and avoids more serious surgery. While effective in ventilator-dependent infants and young children, it should not be used in those with multi-organ failure. Early plication may prevent the complications of prolonged mechanical ventilation.

הלן שיינפלד

When are Menopausal Symptoms Psychiatric?

 

Helen Shoenfeld

 

Talbia Mental Health Center, Jerusalem

 

Nervousness, sleep disorders, mood instability and sexual dysfunction are frequent symptoms during menopause. It is commonly believed that they are due to the characteristic menopausal hormonal changes. However, they also commonly occur in psychiatric disorders unrelated to the menopause. The literature deals with the characteristic psychological aspects and studies have examined the ways in which menopausal phenomena are related to the hormonal background and its effect on the brain.

The clinical menopausal picture may be complicated by secondary psychiatric disease. Also, menopausal symptoms and symptoms of previous psychiatric disease may coexist. In addition, menopause may precipitate psychiatric disorders in women predisposed to them.

Accumulated personal myths and expectations related to the menopause are likely to affect the way in which a woman copes with it. Important factors in this connection include education, culture and certain life events. In all such cases precise evaluation of the etiology, with its intermingled gynecological and psychiatric factors is required. Such women should be treated by both a gynecologist and a psychiatrist.

We present 5 cases, 4 of which were sent to the menopause clinic and were then referred for psychiatric evaluation and treatment. The other case presented at a psychiatric clinic due to a first acute psychostate. Laboratory tests showed typical changes of menopause.
 

רם סילפן, אברהם אמיר, מאורה פיינמסר ודניאל האובן

Malignant Eccrine Poroma

 

R. Silfen, A. Amir, M. Feinmesser, D.J. Hauben

 

Dept. of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, and Pathology Dept., Rabin Medical Center (Beilinson Campus), Petah Tikva

 

Malignant eccrine poroma (MEP) is rare and both clinical and histologic diagnosis is often difficult. Therefore, diagnosis is sometimes delayed or even incorrect. We report a case in a 70-year old man with MEP of the leg. He demonstrated typical MEP behavior and the problems of differential diagnosis.

עדית פלטאו, נגה רייכמן ונתן קאופמן

Ferritin in Adult Still's Disease

 

E. Flatau, N. Reichman, N. Kaufman

 

Dept. of Medicine B, Central Hospital of the Emek, Afula and Technion Faculty of Medicine, Haifa

 

Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is characterized by a spiking fever and diverse clinical findings; the diagnosis is often delayed for months or even years. The only positive laboratory finding is neutrophilic leukocytosis. Since 1987, the diagnostic importance of elevated serum ferritin levels has been discussed in numerous papers, but is not yet among the diagnostic criteria for AOSD. We describe a case in which the finding of extreme hyperferritinemia enabled prompt diagnosis and treatment.

ר שטיינמן, גילה אבלס סוטון ודני אלעד

Equine Rhodococcus Equi Pneumonia: First Report in Israel and its Significance for Man

 

A. Steinman, G.A. Sutton, D. Elad

 

Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem; and Kimron Veterinary Institute, Beit Dagan

 

Rhodococcus equi is an important pathogen in young horses. In recent years it has been increasingly recognized as an opportunistic infectious agent in patients with immune deficiency. The increase in recognized cases may be related to the increased prevalence of AIDS. However, more cases may have been recognized lately due to increased awareness of the pathogenicity of this bacterium. Based on medical reports, there appears to be an association between Rhodococcus equi infections and exposure to animals, horses in particular.

During the past year, 2 cases of rhodococcus pneumonia were diagnosed in foals in Israel. This information deserves the attention of the local medical community because of the zoonotic potential of Rhodococcus equi and the danger of its becoming more common. The climate in Israel is conducive to its growth and viability and since it flourishes in an environment with horses, the significant growth in our equine industry in recent years may contribute to an increase in Rhodococcus infections.

הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303