עמוד בית
יום א, 17.01.21

יוני 1999


1 ביוני
אולגה חילקביץ', יואב צ'פמן, בת-שבע בונה, עמוס קורצ'ין

Prevalence of APOE 4 Allele in Israeli Ethnic Groups

 

O. Hilkevich, J. Chapman, B-S. Bone, A.D. Korczyn

 

Neurology Dept., Tel Aviv Medical Center, and Depts. of Physiology, Pharmacology and Human Genetics, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

 

The 4 allele of the APOE gene, coding for apo-lipoprotein E, is the most common genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease and a significant risk factor for coronary atherosclerosis. There is therefore much interest in studying its frequency in different ethnic groups.

We examined its frequency in Jews originating from Libya, Buchara and Ethiopia and in Jews of Sepharadi and Ashkenazi origins. Its frequency among Ethiopian immigrants was 0.27, significantly higher than in the other groups, in which the frequency was between 0.067 and 0.10. These differences in allele frequency may serve as a basis for future studies in Israel to assess the relative contributions of genetic and environmental factors to the incidence of dementia.

דן צרור, עודד זמיר, נחום בגלייבטר, דן אימרל והרברט פרוינד

Retroperitoneoscopic Lumbar Sympathectomy

 

D. Seror, O Zamir, D. Eimerl, H.R. Freund

 

Depts. of Surgery and Anesthesia, Hadassah University Hospital, Mount Scopus and Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem

 

We present our initial experience with retroperitoneoscopic lumbar sympathectomy in a series of 5 men aged 25-45 years. 3 suffered from ischemia of the lower limbs due to Buerger's disease, 1 had severe reflex sympathetic dystrophy and 1 had vasculitis with severe, non-healing lower leg ulcers.

 

The right retroperitoneal space was developed with a dissecting balloon-trocar introduced via a small lateral muscle- splitting flank incision. 2 additional 5 mm trocars were used for instrumentation and clipping. L2-L3 or L3-L4 ganglia were resected; mean operating time was 120 minutes. Only oral analgesics were needed for postoperative pain control and oral food intake was resumed the following morning. The procedure was successful in all and was without complications. Mean hospital stay was 2 days.

 

All patients reported significant relief of ischemia or dystrophic pain and/or improvement in trophic changes in the extremities. In the patient with leg ulcers, the largest was successfully covered with a skin graft. The retroperitoneoscopic approach to lumbar sympathectomy successfully combines the advantages of minimal invasive surgery and the reliability and effectiveness of well-established open sympathectomy.

גיאורגי אידלזון, יאיר לוי ויהודה שינפלד

Relapse of Sarcoidosis after Alternative Medical Treatment

 

Georgy Edelson, Yair Levy, Yehuda Shoenfeld

 

Dept. of Medicine B, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

 

Reference to alternative medicine frequently appears in newspaper headlines, advertisements and in articles in medical journals. The practice of alternative medicine has increased, even as the number of critical articles warning of deleterious effects have also increased. Public demand is strong and growing, but there are no clear rules as to what is not permissible, particularly when treatment is not by qualified physicians. There are still no clear indications and contra-indications for complementary (not alternative) medicine in patients with organic injuries and life-threatening conditions. However, it is obvious that in these patients complementary medicine should not be substituted for conventional therapy.

 

We present a 32-year-old man with sarcoidosis who discontinued conventional therapy on his own initiative and began alternative medicine (homeopathy) with subsequent deterioration in his condition. He was hospitalized for a relapse of his sarcoidosis which required large doses of corticosteroids.

רון מימון, אלי דרייזין, יוסי טובבין, צבי וינראוב ואריה הרמן

Outcome in Fetuses with Increased Nuchal Translucency Thickness

 

Ron Maymon, Eli Dreazen, Yosi Tovbin, Zwi Weinraub, Arie Herman

 

Ultrasound Unit, Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

 

Increased thickness of fetal nuchal translucency (TNT) measured at 10-14 weeks of gestation, may suggest underlying fetal chromosomal defects, structural abnormalities or genetic syndromes. We examined the relationship between increased TNT and pregnancy outcome, especially in fetuses with normal karyotypes.

1400 pregnant women underwent first trimester scanning and screening for chromosomal abnormalities and measurement of fetal TNT. 25 fetuses (2%) with increased TNT (>3 mm) were identified. 8 (30%) had an abnormal karyotype. Of these, 5 pregnancies were aborted, 3 ended in spontaneous abortions before karyotyping, and 2 were terminated, all before detailed cardiac scanning. There was a high association between increased TNT and karyotype abnormalities. The total incidence of favorable outcome in fetuses with normal chromosomal and cardiac features but enlarged TNT was 56%.

אריה איזנמן ורפאל עינת

Superficial Skin Necrosis in Short Bowel Syndrome

 

Arie Eisenman, Rafael Enat

 

Dept. of Medicine B, Rambam Medical Center and Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa

 

Short bowel syndrome causes a complex of symptoms due to compromise of small intestinal nutrient absorption. A 60-year-old woman underwent major resection of the small intestine due to a road accident 3 years ago. The sole manifestation of short-bowel-syndrome was superficial skin necrosis due to vitamin K deficiency. She was asymptomatic for a long time, until treatment with antibiotics further intensified initially subclinical malabsorption.

It is not clear why there had been no other symptoms and why the main impact was on the fibrinolytic system rather than the coagulation system, as is usually the case. It is recommended that patients after major resection of the small intestine be closely monitored for coagulation function if an oral antibiotic is prescribed.

דנטה אנטולי, עזיז דראושה, סופיה רימברוט, נחום פרידברג וטיבריו רוזנפלד

Propafenone Dose for Emergency Room Conversion of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation

 

D. Antonelli, A. Darawsha, S. Rimbrot, N.A. Freedberg, T. Rosenfeld

 

Dept. of Cardiology and Emergency Room, Central Emek Hospital, Afula

 

Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF), a frequent cause of repeated hospitalization, is effectively treated with propafenone. The time to conversion to sinus rhythm is a consideration when managing AF in the emergency room. We investigated the conversion rates of paroxysmal AF by 3 different oral propafenone (P) regimens, in terms of time to conversion.

188 patients with onset of AF within 48 hours were treated with propafenone (P): 48 received 600 mg as a first oral dose followed after 8 hrs by 150 mg (Group A); 82 received 300 mg as a first dose, followed by the same dose 3 and again 8 hrs later (B); 58 received 150 mg every 3 hrs, up to a total dose of 600 mg (C). P was stopped when sinus rhythm was achieved.

Rates of conversion to sinus rhythm after 3 hrs in the 3 groups were: 46%, 41% and 26% respectively; after 8 hrs: 77%, 78% and 70%; and after 12 hrs: 81%, 84% and 76%. Treatment was discontinued in 8. There was excessive QRS widening (>25% of the basal value) in 1 in group A, 1 in group B and 2 in group C; wide-QRS tachycardia occurred in 4 in group B. In Group A there was a higher rate of early successful conversion, with a lower incidence of side-effects than with the other regimens.

ח' סמו, צ' צבס, א' גושן, ש' לבנקרון וא' אדונסקי

Sacral Insufficiency Fractures - A Frequent Cause of Low Back Pain in Elderly Women

 

H. Semo, Z. Zwas, A. Goshen, S. Levenkrohn, A. Adunsky

 

Depts. of Geriatric Medicine and Nuclear Medicine, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer

 

Sudden low back pain is common in elderly women. It causes physical and mental stress, and results in deterioration of functional movement and in activities of daily living. Awareness of possible sacral insufficiency fracture is important; they may be demonstrated by imaging modalities, mainly radionuclide bone scan. Prognosis is good and accurate diagnosis serves to exclude malignancy and relieve fear of chronic pain and disability. We describe 4 women, aged 84, 82, 71 and 77 who illustrating the clinical and imaging findings of this disorder.

אריאל המרמן, רמונה רותם, נפתלי מידן ואבי פורת

Impact of Clinical Pharmacist on Drug Therapy in Medical Departments

 

Ariel Hamerman, Rimona Rotem, Naftali Meidan, Avi Porath

 

Pharmacy Services, Hospital Management and Medical Dept. F, Soroka University Medical Center, Beer Sheba

 

Several studies have documented the impact of clinical pharmacy services on patient care and drug costs in hospital wards. However most hospitals in Israel do not provide such services and until recently their benefits in local health care have not been demonstrated. We therefor determined whether the activity of a pharmacist in the medical department of a medical center leads to improved quality of drug utilization and reduced costs.

 

During the first 3 months of the clinical pharmacist's work all interventions and consultation were documented. The effect of these interventions on drug costs was calculated by the change in drug acquisition costs during the study period compared with those of preceding months, as well as in the other 5 medical departments of the hospital without clinical pharmacy services.

 

During the study period the pharmacist joined 44 clinical rounds in which he documented 40 consultations in response to physicians' requests for drug information and 42 interventions on his own initiative. The pharmacist's recommendations were accepted in 38 of the 42 cases (90%). In 10 cases the pharmacist's initiative in improving the quality of drug therapy led to an increase in drug acquisition costs. However, the overall drug costs during the study period decreased 12.6%. During the same period drug costs in the other medical departments decreased only 2.2%.

 

The results of this study conform with those of many other studies that show a beneficial impact of the clinical pharmacist on the quality of drug therapy and on drug costs. They indicate that the clinical pharmacist can play a crucial role in the medical department.

15 ביוני
עמיר סולד, יוסף קלאוזנר ורישרד נקש

Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy: Initial Experience

 

Amir Szold, Joseph M. Klausner, Richard Nakache

 

Advanced Endoscopic Surgery Unit, Transplantation Unit and Depts. of Surgery B-C, Tel Aviv-Sourasky Medical Center and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

 

We present our initial experience in laparoscopic nephrectomy. 6 patients were operated for a kidney donation and 2 for treatment of a benign disease. All procedures were completed successfully, with no conversion to laparotomy or intra-operative complications. Mean operating time was 210 minutes, and in the donor kidneys the mean warm-ischemic time was 165 seconds. There were 3 postoperative complications, and mean hospitalization was 3.5 days. The transplanted kidneys are all functioning.

 

From our initial experience, laparoscopic nephrectomy appears to be both feasible and safe. Its implementation requires a combined team with experience in donor surgery and advanced laparoscopic skills. The procedure may increase the availability of living donor kidneys, due to the smaller impact on the donor compared to conventional donor nephrectomy.

שראל הלחמי, אלכסנדר קסטין, בועז מושקוביץ ועופר נתיב

Nephron-Sparing Surgery - Initial Experience with 50 Patients

 

Sarel Halachmi, Alexander Kastin, Boaz Moskovitz, Ofer Nativ

 

Urology Dept., Bnai Zion Medical Center, Haifa

 

During recent years the use of the new imaging techniques, ultrasonography and computerized tomography, has increased. The accessibility to these methods has changed the pattern of detection of renal lesions. Over 90% of renal masses are now discovered incidentally, while investigating nonurological symptoms. Therefor, most lesions are discovered in their early stages.

The gold-standard procedure for removing renal masses is radical nephrectomy, which ensures complete removal of an organ-confined lesion, but involves loss of functional tissue. This might be critical in patients with a single kidney, or reduced nephron function. There are several diseases characterized by multiple renal lesions, such as Von Hippel-Lindau and tuberous sclerosis in which radical treatment may lead to chronic dialysis in young patients.

 

Nephron-sparing surgery was developed in order to preserve as much functional tissue as possible while removing safely any suspicious renal lesion. This new technique, not involving radical surgery, should be evaluated in cases of renal tumors for its ability to achieve the same cancer cures rates. We present our experience with our first 50 patients who underwent nephron-sparing surgery for removal of renal lesions.
 

ג' איזיקיאל, ש' ולפיש וי' כהן

Adjuvant Therapy of Large Bowel Carcinoma

 

G. Ezekiel, S. Walfisch, Y. Cohen*

 

Dept. of Oncology and Colorectal Unit, Soroka Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

 

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) held a consensus conference which recommended 5-FU and levamisole as adjuvant chemotherapy for colon cancer MAC (Modified Astler Coller) stage C.

From 1991-1994, 37 such patients diagnosed here were treated with 5-FU (intravenous dose of 450/mg/m²/d for 5 days and from day 29, once a week for 48 weeks) and oral levamisole (50 mg 3 times/d. for 3 days, every 2 weeks for a year), as suggested by NIH guidelines.

 

16 patients were males and 21 were females, mean age was 62 years and median 64. Cancer locations were: right colon (in 16, 43%), left colon (19, 51%), multiple colon primaries (2, 1%). 25 (68%) had 1-3 positive lymph nodes and 12 (32%) had 4 or more positive lymph nodes.

Only 20 (54%) finished treatment as prescribed. In the others, 1 or both drugs caused side-effects for which the drugs had to be stopped. 6 patients relapsed while on treatment.

 

The most common side-effects were diarrhea, stomatitis and bone marrow suppression. 3 were hospitalized due to neutropenic fever. 5-year actuarial survival of all patients was 61%; 5-year relapse-free survival was 61%; 5-year relapse-free survival of right versus left colon was 41% and 82%, respectively (p<0.01). There was no significant difference in 5-year survival of those with 1-3 positive lymph nodes as compared to those with 4 or more (62% and 56%, respectively). 5-year survival in those who finished or did not finish treatment (excluding those who stopped treatment because of progressive disease) was 83% and 70%, respectively (NS).

 

The 5-year survival of our series was similar to that of patients treated similarly elsewhere. The 5-FU and levamisole treatment was not tolerated well by our study population. It has recently been replaced in our service by a 5-FU and leucovorin regimen given for 6 months.

 

* Jules E. Harris Chair in Oncology.

צבי גרוסמן, ארנסטו קאהן, שמואל גרוס, שי אשכנזי ואיתמר שליט

Pediatric Research in an Office-Setting Network

 

Zahi Grossman, Ernesto Kahan, Samuel Gross, Shai Ashkenazi, Itamar Shalit

 

Kupat Holim Maccabi, Tel Aviv; Israel Ambulatory Pediatric Association; Dept. of Family Medicine, Tel Aviv University; and Schneider Children's Medical Center, Petah Tikva

 

Pediatric care in the community is gradually replacing traditional care in hospitals. Despite that, research activity in the community setting is minimal due to objective difficulties. These are mainly constraints of time, office work and lack of research-supporting logistics. In the past decade, throughout the world, primary physicians interested in research have grouped together and formed research networks. The aim of such networks is to support and promote research in the community.

 

An Israel Pediatric Research in Office-Setting network (IPROS) was established 2 years ago by the Israel Ambulatory Pediatric Association (IAPA). Today, there are over 140 pediatricians listed in IPROS, representing the heterogeneous composition of pediatricians in Israel. The network's policy is defined by a joint steering committee. The committee is composed of IAPA representatives, senior network members and Schneider Hospital senior investigators. The research subjects are diverse, and represent common practical issues.

 

Effective intra-net communication is vital to the existence of the network, and is accomplished by 3 modalities: 1) semiannual updates by mail, 2) e-mail, using an electronic mailing list to facilitate connection between members, 3) semi-annual meetings. Research budgets are derived from public sources like the Ministry of Health and IAPA, and private sources such as pharmaceutical companies. The administration of the network is supported by Schneider Children's Medical Center, and financed by IAPA.

ע' ברוק וי' בוינובר

Rehospitalization of Children

 

U. Brook, Y. Buyanover

 

Pediatrics Dept., Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, and Sackler Medical School, Tel Aviv University

 

The aims of the study were to determine the rate of rehospitalization in 1997 a month after the end of initial hospitalization. 72 of 1174 children (6.1%) were rehospitalized. The mean age was 4.6±3.6 years (range 1 month-16 years). The average duration of the initial hospitalization of the 72 children was 8.3±6.0 (range 1-50) days, but only 3.6 days for all hospitalized children. The duration of the rehospitalization was 4.1±2.1 days (range 1-10 days). the interval between the 2 hospitalizations was 11.1±9.6 days (range 1-30 days). Among the diseases of the rehospitalized children in decreasing order were: respiratory diseases (including ORL) (40.9%), gastrointestinal diseases (27.7%), nervous system diseases, and bacteremia and septicemia (5.6%). Second hospitalizations in connection with these conditions were: gastrointestinal disease (34.7%); respiratory disease (29%); and bacteremia and septicemia (11.1%). Our recommendations are for attending physicians to follow-up regularly and periodically children who suffer from chronic diseases and are prone to develop exacerbations. This should be done in cooperation with hospital specialists so that the cooperation may reduce the rehospitalization of these children.

יעקב פלדמן, ליאורה פלג ואברהם ירצקי

Clinical, Social and Economic Aspects of Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment

 

Jacob Feldman, Liora Peleg, Abraham Yaretzky

 

Geriatric Dept., Sapir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

 

It is well known that maelderly patients are referred to nursing homes because of "functional decline" without being thoroughly in. We studied 9 elderly patients, all referred to hospital due to functional decline and diagnosed as follows: spinal stenosis - 2 cases, depression - 3, thyrotoxicosis -1, Parkinson -1, polypharmacy and congestive heart failure -1 patient each. Proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment prevent unnecessary hospitalization in nursing homes. Our study is meant to draw attention to this crucial aspect of geriatric medicine.

ג'ורג' חביב וליאון כהן

Many Faces of Parvovirus

 

George Habib, Leon Cohen

 

Carmel Medical Center, Haifa

 

2 women, aged 31 and 37 years, respectively, suffered from acute febrile illness due to acute infection with human parvovirus B19. 1 also had a maculopapular rash and articular symptoms after her fever stopped, a clinical picture typical of erythema infections. The other had leukopenia and thrombocytopenia and had received dipyrone. Although acute infection with human parvovirus usually occurs in childhood, it may also occur in adults, with protean manifestations.

דן ליבוביץ, סימון שטראוס ואהובה שרון

Acute, Painful, Swollen Testis

 

Dan Leibovici, Simon Strauss, Ahuva Sharon

 

Dept. of Urology, Ultrasound Unit, Institute of Diagnostic Imaging and Medical Dept., Assaf Harofeh Medical Center and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

 

An acutely painful and swollen testis mandates urgent diagnostic and therapeutic measures since this symptom complex may indicate torsion of the testis. Prompt scrotal exploration is necessary if the testis is to be saved from ischemic necrosis.

Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a vasculitis involving mainly medium and small sized arteries and may damage any organ. In PAN, the presentation of an acutely painful and swollen testis raises a perplexing diagnostic problem since the symptoms may be related to vasculitis involving the testis on the one hand, or represent primary testicular pathology unrelated to the underlying PAN. A 31-year-old man with PAN who presented with acute pain and swelling in a solitary testis is reported.

הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
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