עמוד בית
יום א, 17.01.21

אוגוסט 2000


1 באוגוסט
יהב אורון, אמיר שחר וערן דולב

Hospitalization for Renal Colic: Epidemiological Features and Clinical Manifestations

 

Yahav Oron, Amir Shahar, Eran Dolev

 

Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer; Israel Defense Forces Medical Center; Meir General Hospital, Sapir Medical Center, Kfar Saba; and Dept. of Medicine H, Sourasky-Tel Aviv Medical Center

 

The medical records of all patients referred to the emergency department (ED) of Sheba Medical Center for renal colic during 1996 were analyzed. Patients discharged from the ED and those hospitalized were compared.

There was no significant difference between the 2 groups with regard to average age or sex distribution. Statistically significant differences were found with regard to frequency of chills and fever, history of renal colic, referral for renal colic during that year or hospitalization for renal colic or nephrolithiasis, previous positive imaging, stone removal by surgery or extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, fever exceeding 37.5o and administration of fluids, pethidine or pramin in the ED, prolonged stay in the ED and previous appendectomy.

A conditional regression model tested the predictive value of each of those factors. Inclusion of independent variables into the model led to an overall correct classification rate of 84.43%, with 44.83% sensitivity and 93.16% specificity. There were correlations between referrals for renal colic, overall renal colic rate and average monthly temperature, so there was no pure correlation between average monthly temperature and referrals to the ED for renal colic.

The major indications for hospitalization were actually the clinical ones, indicating either an active metabolic disease or suspected obstruction of the urinary tract. Treatment in the ED and duration of the visit indicated disease severity.

אמיר ורדי, ענבל לוין, גדעון פרת וזהר ברזילי

The Sixth Vital Sign: End-Tidal Co2 in Pediatric Trauma Patients during Transport

 

Amir Vardi, Inbal Levin, Gideon Paret, Zohar Barzilay

 

Pediatric Transport Team of the Pediatric Critical Care Unit, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer; and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

 

Transport of pediatric trauma victims, within as well as between medical centers, has become a frequent event and an integral activity of pediatric critical care units. Monitoring patients during transport is of utmost importance, as an unstable environment poses an increased threat to the patient's stability. The level of monitoring and care should approximate that of the critical care unit. Monitoring end-tidal CO2 (EtCO2) has become routine for many pediatric intensive care unit patients but technical problems have limited its use during transport.

Our transport team uses a transportable EtCO2 monitor of the side-stream type (NPB 75), requiring very small samples; midstream sampling overcomes humidity interference. The monitor is small and lightweight, operates on a rechargeable battery and is especially designed for the demanding environment of transport.

From October 1997 through January 1999, 187 pediatric patients, 62 of whom were trauma victims, were transported for a total of 45 hours, including 2 hours of in-flight transport. Age range was 3 months to 16 years. Of the 53 monitored for EtCO2, in 9 (17%) monitoring resulted in a significant, immediate change of treatment during transport.

We find EtCO2 an important adjunct in monitoring pediatric trauma patients during transport. In addition to conventional monitoring of heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate, body temperature and blood oxygen saturation, we suggest EtCO2 as the sixth vital sign that should be monitored.

ד' שטינמץ וח' טבנקין

Physicians' Opinions about the Patient Rights Law - A Qualitative Study 


D. Steinmetz, H. Tabenkin

 

Dept. of Family Medicine, HaEmek Medical Center, Afula

 

A qualitative analysis of the question "what is your general opinion of the Patient Rights Law?" showed that most physicians think it a good law that contributes to improved relations with patients.

Physicians surveyed raised several issues relating to implementation of the law: conditions, time required to implement it and problems with language and comprehension. Fears were expressed about possible abuse of the law by patients and their lawyers, which could put medicine on the defensive.

Nevertheless, most physicians think the law positive, that it has not negatively affected their work, and contributes to improved relationships with patients. They recommend that working conditions be improved in order to fully implement the law.

יואל סגל, דוד ארגז, אוסקר ליפשיץ, פליקס גוטספלד וזאב שטגר

Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage of Obscure Origin

 

Yoel Siegel, David Ergaz, Oscar Liphshitz, Felix Gottesfeld, Zev Sthoeger

 

Depts. of Medicine B and Surgery, and Gastroenterology Unit, Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot (Associated with Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem)

 

Gastrointestinal bleeding of obscure origin consists of recurrent bouts of acute or chronic bleeding for which no definite source is discovered in routine endoscopic and barium contrast studies of the upper and lower gastrointestinal tracts. Usually its cause is angiodysplasia of the intestine, but many cases are due to tumors, mostly of the small bowel, which may be malignant.

In patients under the age of 50, the proportion with malignancy is relatively high (up to 14%) as compared to older patients. We describe a 45-year-old woman who suffered from gastrointestinal bleeding for 3 years. The cause of bleeding was not found despite extensive work-up.

In her last admission for acute gastrointestinal hemorrhage she was given a total of 30 units of blood. A tumor of the small intestine found by angiography was excised and found to be a stromal tumor of uncertain malignant potential. 1 year after operation she is asymptomatic without bleeding and her hemoglobin is stable without treatment.

מרינה כצמן, אלי שילוח ומיכה רפופורט

Anticoagulant Treatment in Pericardial Effusion - A Therapeutic Dilemma 


Marina Katsman, Elie Shiloah, Micha Rappoport

 

Dept. of Medicine C, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin

 

Anticoagulant treatment for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and pericardial effusion is controversial, since the treatment might cause hemopericardium and tamponade. On the other hand, anticoagulants are strongly indicated in many situations in AMI, including: left ventricular thrombus, unstable angina, severe heart failure, deep vein thrombophlebitis, pulmonary embolism, atrial fibrillation, as part of thrombolytic treatment, and during cardiac catheterization.

We describe a 70-year-old man who presented with both pericardial effusion and a left ventricular thrombus 3 weeks after an extensive, anterior wall AMI. Anticoagulants and corticosteroids were administered simultaneously under hem-odynamic and echocardiographic monitoring, without complications.

It is our impression that anticoagulant treatment is safe in patients with pericardial effusion.

פליציה שטרן, יצהל נ' ברנר, זאב פוליאק, סופיה ברנדינר, מרגריטה קומרניצקי, בן-עמי סלע, רם דולמן ויוסף דרור

Nutritional Status and Vitamin B6 Supplementation in the Institutionalized Elderly

 

Felicia Stern, Yitshal N. Berner, Zeev Polyak, Sophya Bernadiner, Margarita Komarnitsky, Ben Ami Sela, Ram Doolman, Yoseph Dror

 

Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science, and Nutrition, Hebrew University of Jerusalem; Subacute Dept. and Clinical Nutrition, Hartzfeld Geriatric Hospital, Kaplan Medical Center, Gedera; and Institute of Chemical Pathology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer

 

Nutritional status and vitamin B6 status were assessed in 18 men and 32 women, average age 84, living in a home for the aged. Average proportion of energy derived from protein was higher than the recommended; fiber intake was very low. Also low were intakes of calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, vitamins D and E, thiamin, folic acid and vitamin B6.

Supplementation with vitamin B6 (10mg/d) for 28 days in those with the lowest B6 status assessed by B6 intake, activation coefficient of aspartate transaminase and plasma pyridoxamine concentrations led to improved B6 status (marked decrease in activation coefficient) and increased synthesis and decreased degradation of many short-lived neutrophil proteins. Though our elderly enjoy a variety of foods, some have marginal deficiencies that can be improved. Therefore, in the institutionalized elderly, micronutrient supplementation should be administered at a level low enough to be safe (below recommended upper level of intake) but high enough to be effective.

טומס טישלר, רוני וייצן, אהרון פיינסטון, ראול אורביטו, מריאן מוסקוביץ ואדם סינגר

Testicular Cancer: Self-Awareness and Testicular Self-Examination in Soldiers and Military Physicians

 

Thomas Tichler, Rony Weitzen, Aharon Feinstone, Raoul Orvieto, Marian Moskovitz, Adam Singer

 

Depts. of Oncology and Medicine B, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer; Medical Corps, Israel Defence Forces; Gynecology Dept., Hasharon Medical Center, Petah Tikvah; and Medical Dept. B, Fleaman Hospital, Haifa

 

Testicular cancer is the most common malignancy in young men. To evaluate knowledge and awareness of that cancer, and of the practice of testicular self-examination (TSE), we developed a questionnaire which was distributed to 717 male soldiers and 200 of their military physicians.

21% of the soldiers had received some explanation of the importance of TSE, but only 16% were actually instructed how to perform TSE, and only 2% practiced it regularly. 24% had never examined their testicles before, 185 only rarely, and 6% often. With increased age, TSE frequency increased, but previous education, type of military unit, and ethnic origin had no affect. 99% of military physicians had been taught how to examine breasts, but only 70% had been taught routine testicular examination. 22% performed it, but 27% never did. 84% had never taught their soldiers the importance of TSE, although 51% taught female soldiers breast self-examination.

There was a significant lack of awareness of the importance of regular practice of TSE among both soldiers and their army physicians.

רבקה שפר, אסתר מרווא, רחל מימון, פאול סלייטר, אביטל כהן ותמר שוחט

Diphtheria in a Highly Immunized Population 


Rivka Sheffer, Esther Marva, Rachel Mimon, Paul Slater, Avital Cohen, Tamat Shohat

 

Tel Aviv District Health Office, Central Laboratory and Epidemiology Dept., Public Health Services, Jerusalem

 

Although diphtheria vaccination is routine world-wide, outbreaks of the disease continue to occur in supposedly vaccinated populations. The incidence of diphtheria in Israel is very low, with only 3 cases reported in the past 24 years (all in unvaccinated children). In 2 of the 3 an asymptomatic carrier was identified among the patients' close contacts, presumable the source of the infection.

We describe a recent case of diphtheria. It is important for physicians to be aware of the possibility of diphtheria occurrimg despite the high rate of vaccination in our population.

הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303