עמוד בית
יום ד, 27.01.21

יוני 2000

1 ביוני
נחום נשר, רונן גלילי, רם שרוני, גדעון אורצקי ומילטון סאוטה

Videothorascopic Sympathectomy for Palmar Hyperhidriosis


Nahum Nesher, Ronen Galili, Ram Sharony, Gidon Uretzky, Milton Saute


Dept. of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Lady Davis - Carmel Medical Center and Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa


Palmar hyperhidriosis is not a life-threatening disease but leads to loss in the quality of life. Conservative treatment is ineffective and major surgery involves perioperative complications and esthetic impairment.

From 1992 to 1998 we treated 156 patients with palmar hyperhidriosis using a single port, drainless videothoracoscopic procedure with almost no complications.

ברברה רבין (רבינוביץ) ודפנה מנור

Familiarizing Medical Students with Hospital Social Worker's Role 

Barbara Rabin (Rabinowitz), Dafna Manor


Dept. of Social Work, Meir Hospital, Kfar Saba


Patient care in a general hospital is usually provided by a multi-professional team. Treatment is most effective when each professional understands the functions of the various other members of the team. Professional literature and research have highlighted differences in perception by social workers and physicians of the proper function of the medical social worker.

Our social work department has developed a teaching program for medical students to enhance their knowledge with regard to this issue. It is presented at a single-session group meeting of an hour and a half, with structured content and goals.

אבי ביגלמן, ארנון ויז'ניצר, אילנה שהם-ורדי, הילל ורדי, גרשון הולצברג ומשה מזור

Diabetes and Premature Delivery: Etiology and Risk Factors 

Avi Beigelman, Arnon Wiznitzer, Ilana Shoham-Vardi, Hilel Vardi, Gershon Holtcberg, Moshe Mazor


Depts. of Obstetrics and Gynecology and of Epidemiology and Health Services Evaluation, Soroka Medical Center and Faculty of Health Science, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba


Preterm birth is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality, while preterm labor and delivery in diabetes mellitus (DM) carries an increased risk of perinatal complications. We investigated the hypothesis that DM (gestational and pregestational) is an independent risk factor for preterm birth and evaluated the hypothesis that the risk factors for preterm birth in diabetics are different from those in non-diabetics.

The study population consisted of all singleton deliveries at this hospital between 1990-1997. Excluded were those of mothers who had not had prenatal care, or who had only partial care or multiple gestations. There were 3 subgroups: 834 women with pregestational DM, 3,841 with gestational DM, and 66,253 non-diabetics.

The combined spontaneous and induced preterm delivery rate was determined in each subgroup. Potential risk factors for spontaneous preterm deliveries were assessed by a univariate model. A logistic regression model was used to assess the unique contribution of DM (gestational and pregestational) to preterm delivery in the presence of the other risk factors, and to compare risk factors for preterm delivery between subgroups.

The prevalence of spontaneous preterm delivery was: 7.1% in non-diabetics, 10.0% in those with gestational DM and 25.5% in those with pregestational DM. When adjusted by a multivariate model for other risk factors for preterm delivery, DM still remained an independent risk factor for spontaneous preterm delivery (gestational DM: odds ratio 1.28, 95% CI: 1.1-1.48; pregestational diabetes: odds ratio 3.4, 95% CI: 2.65-4.36).

The main difference in risk factors for preterm birth between the 3 subgroups was the amount of amniotic fluid. Polyhydramnios was an independent risk factor for preterm delivery in non-diabetics and in pregestational DM, but not in gestational DM. On the other hand, oligohydramnios was associated with a higher risk for preterm delivery only in gestational DM compared to non-diabetics.

DM (gestational and pregestational) is an independent risk factor for spontaneous preterm delivery. Polyhydramnios is an independent risk factor for preterm delivery in pregestational but not in gestational DM. Oligohydramnios is a greater risk factor for preterm delivery in gestational DM compared to non-diabetics.

מנחם נוימן, אלינה מוסייב ויורם דיאמנט

Current Trends in Surgery for Female Urinary Stress Incontinence 

M. Neuman, A. Musaiev, Y.Z. Diamant


Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem


Quality of life of 5% of the female population is impaired by urinary stress incontinence. Its cause is pelvic floor relaxation and the cure is surgical. The most widely performed operations are retropubic colposuspensions and sling operations, which have relatively high, well-proven cure rates. Yet because of the long rehabilitation required, gyneco-urologists seek minimally invasive ways to solve the problem.

Vaginal colporrhaphy and laparoscopic operations are not common, but the recently reported TVT might become popular if proven effective.

דוד נלקן

Sublingual Immunotherapy for Allergic Diseases


David Nelken


Medical Building, Sprinzak St., Tel Aviv


4 patients suffering from severe pollinosis and/or allergic rhinitis, with or without asthma, were treated as follows: 30 minutes before breakfast the vaccine was dropped sublingually and retained for 2-3 minutes before being swallowed. It was a commercial preparation of allergen, diluted 50% w/v in glycerin.


This stock solution was then diluted in physiological saline containing 0.05% human albumin and kept refrigerated in a dark glass bottle for up to 4 weeks. Of the first dilution which contained 10 Au/ml, 1 drop was given on day 1 and 1 drop more each day until days 5 to 17, when 5 drops were given daily. Then 1000 and then 2500 Au/ml were given sequentially in the same manner, and finally 5000 was given for up to 2 years. A maintenance dose of 3 drops of 5000 Au/ml twice weekly was then prescribed.


41 patients showed striking clinical improvement after about 6 months of treatment. A definite reduction in the use of other medications was achieved in all. Sublingual immunotherapy is practically free of unwanted side effects and easy to self-administer at home.

To establish the specificity of sublingual immunotherapy, patients who had severe allergic symptoms to one pollen allergen causing symptoms in the spring and to a second in the autumn, were first immunized sublingually against a single allergen. A year later, after symptoms due to this allergen had subsided, and if symptoms caused by the second allergen had not improved, immunization against the second allergen was started.

Sublingual immunotherapy acts by increasing mucosal antibodies at the site of entry of the allergen into the respiratory tract. It is a safe and practical procedure with results comparable to subcutaneous allergy injections.

יצחק פפו, תפחה הורן, הרברט מרדד וראובן אורדע

Breast Tumors Demonstrated by Tc-99m Sestamibi Scintimammography 

Itzhak Pappo, Tifha Horne, Herbert Merdad, Ruben Orda


Dept. of Surgery A, Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Dept. of Pathology, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zrifin; and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


Breast cancer can be detected by scintimammography using Tc-99m sestamibi (MIBI). The method is highly accurate, sensitive and specific. Histologically, most of the tumors have been adenocarcinomas.

We present 2 women with rare breast tumors, primary squamous cell carcinoma and malignant phyllodes tumor. In both, mammography and cytological biopsy were not diagnostic, but MIBI scintimammography demonstrated focal uptake in the diseased breast.

ברוריה שלמון, דבורה נס, צבי רם וענת אחירון

Giant Lesions in Multiple Sclerosis: A Diagnostic Challenge 

Bruria Shalmon, Dvora Nass, Zvi Ram, Anat Achiron


Institute of Pathology, Neurosurgery Dept. and Neuroimmunology Unit, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer


Multiple sclerosis is the most common demyelinating disease of the central nervous system affecting young adults, in which destruction of the axon myelin sheath disturbs signal transduction. The disease course is usually remitting and relapsing, but sometimes there is steady neurological deterioration.

The diagnosis depends mainly on an adequate clinical history and neurological examination. Evoked potentials, elevated cerebrospinal fluid gamma globulin with oligoclonal bands, and imaging studies, mainly magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), also contribute to the diagnosis.

Multiple sclerosis may occasionally present as a mass lesion that clinically and radiologically is indistinguishable from a brain tumor. We present 2 cases of giant tumefactive lesions, proven by brain biopsy to be of demyelinating nature.

דוד פרג, שלמה בכר, אלכסנדר בטלר, ולנטינה בויקו, שמואל גוטליב ויהונתן ליאור

Thrombolytic Therapy or Primary Coronary Angioplasty in Acute Myocardial Infarction?


David Pereg, Shlomo Behar, Alexander Battler, Valentina Boyko, Shmuel Gottlieb, Jonathan Leor: Israel Thrombolytic Survey Group


Cardiology Division, Soroka Medical Center and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba; Neufeld Cardiac Research Institute, Tel Hashomer and Tel Aviv University; and Cardiology Dept., Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tikva


There has been continuous debate over the superiority of primary percutaneous, transluminal, coronary angioplasty (PTCA) over thrombolysis for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). It was questioned whether this advantage of primary PTCA reported in selected populations by experienced centers can be replicated in our clinical practice.

We compared demographic and clinical variables, therapies and outcome in AMI treated with primary PTCA vs thrombolytic therapy. Clinical and demographic variables of 1,678 unselected AMI patients (admitted January/February and May/July 1996) were analyzed in 16 cardiac care units with on-site catheterization facilities and ability to perform PTCA. Of these 803 (48%) were treated by thrombolysis and 99 (6%) by primary PTCA.

The prevalence of adverse prognostic variables, such as anterior wall MI, heart failure on admission or during hospital stay, pulmonary edema, and ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation, was higher in the PTCA group. The 7-day, 30-day and 1-year mortality rates were similar in the 2 groups: 4%, 7.2% and 12.8%, respectively, in the PTCA group and 5%, 7.2% and 11.1% in the thrombolysis group. There was a trend toward lower mortality in subgroups of high-risk patients: those with heart failure on admission (Killip class >1), the elderly (>65 years), and those with previous MI treated with PTCA. After adjusting for confounders, treatment with primary PTCA was not found to be associated with lower mortality.

Only a small proportion of AMI patients in Israel were treated with primary PTCA in 1996. The frequency of adverse prognostic factors among them was higher but their short and long term outcomes were similar to those of high risk patients treated with thrombolysis.

סלמה מוזס-טולדו, יאיר סוקרניק, אלכס רז'בק וזאב שטגר

Tuberculous Meningitis in Review


Mozes Toledo, Y. Skurnik, A. Razabek, Z. Stoeger


Medical Dept. B, Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, (Affiliated with Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem)


Tuberculosis meningitis is one of the most dangerous forms of tuberculosis (TB). Due to large waves of immigration, the incidence of TB in Israel has increased in recent years, as has that of TB meningitis. Due to its high mortality, rapid diagnosis of TB meningitis is of paramount importance.

We present a patient admitted with a acute febrile disease which was subsequently diagnosed as TB meningitis.

15 ביוני
רפאל כהן-אלמגור ויהודה שניר

The Decision-Making Process of Abortion High Committees 

Raphael Cohen-Almagor, Yehuda Snir


Faculty of Law, University of Haifa


Factors influencing the decision-making process of the Abortions High Committees (after the 23rd week of pregnancy), and whether there are differences between decisions of different Committees were examined. A questionnaire was sent to the 45 members of these committees of whom 24 responded (53%). Some hospitals refused to cooperate because they did not want to evoke discussion about the practices of the Committees.

The significant factors that play a part in the decision as to whether or not to allow an abortion are the medical condition of the fetus, the medical and psychological state of the mother, and the week of pregnancy. The data also show that women committee members are more inclined to authorize abortion than men, and that the more religious members are less inclined to authorize abortions. No differences were found between hospitals, and the age of committee members had no influence. Members did not accord any importance to fear of litigation in their considerations.

גרגורי כץ, אמי שופמן, חיים קנובלר, מרק יופה, רחל בר-המבורגר ורמונה דורסט

Drug Abuse among Patients Requiring Psychiatric Hospitalization 

Gregory Katz, Emi Shufman, Haim Y. Knobler, Mark Joffe, Rachel Bar-Hamburger, Rimona Durst


Kfar Shaul Mental Health Center, (Affiliated with the Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem); and Jerusalem Institute for Treatment of Substance Abuse, Israel Antidrug Authority


We assessed the incidence of drug abuse among patients requiring psychiatric hospitalization, and characterized the population at risk. The data on drug abuse were obtained from self-reports and urine tests in 103 patients, aged 18-65, hospitalized in the Kfar Shaul Psychiatric Hospital (autumn 1998).

There was close correspondence between the self-reports and the results obtained from urine tests. 1/3 admitted to having used illegal drugs and signs of drug abuse were found in about 1/4 of the urine tests. The most prevalent drugs were cannabis products (hashish and/or marijuana) and in 15 patients opiates.

Drug users were younger than non-users. With regard to psychiatric symptomatology, fewer negative symptoms were recorded among cannabis abusers with schizophrenia, compared to schizophrenic patients with no history, past or present, of cannabis abuse.

The present findings confirm the clinical impression that there has been an increase in drug abuse among mental patients, parallel to that found in society at large. Confirmatory surveys are necessary. Our findings clearly suggest that a change in attitude has occurred in Israel to what has been considered a marginal problem. Hospitalized mentally-ill patients, the younger in particular, should be considered at risk for drug abuse.

שלמה וינקר, ורדינה שומלה ואלי קיטאי

Physicians' Reminders Promote Annual Fecal Occult Bloodtesting Compliance


Shlomo Vinker, Vardina Shumla, Eliezer Kitai


Family Medicine Dept., Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


Screening for the early detection of colorectal cancer using the fecal occult blood test has been shown to be effective in reducing mortality. In Israel family physicians recommend that their patients, aged 50-75, have the test performed annually. But compliance with testing in the general population has been poor.

We therefore studied this issue in 3 primary care facilities, in 384 patients, average age 62.7‏6.9 years; 81 (21.1%) performed the fecal occult blood test. Performance rates were significantly lower (13.9%) in those aged 50-59 (p = 0.0003), as compared wh those aged 60-69 and 70-75 (24.3% and 24.7%, respectively). Compliance rates of the patients of different physicians varied as well.

Recommendation of family physicians led to overall compliance of 21.1%. Additional efforts are needed to increase compliance in order to decrease colorectal cancer morbidity and mortality in Israel.

ברוך אליצור

Psychological Treatment for Paruresis (Bashful Bladder)


Baruch Elitzur


Psychiatric Clinic, Ichilov Hospital, Tel Aviv Medical Center


Paruresis, or bashful bladder, is a functional disorder that involves inability to urinate in the presence of others. The symptom meets the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for simple phobia or social phobia. Although the prevalence of paruresis is relatively high (7% in 1 study and 32% in another), there are few reports of its treatment. The treatment of choice presented in the literature is cognitive-behavioral.

We describe a multidimensional model used in treating 3 men who suffered from paruresis. Promotion of relaxation, mental imagery, paradox, gestalt, metaphor, cognitive-behavioral and psychodynamic techniques were used. After 5 treatment meetings, 2 younger men, 18- and 24-years old, respectively, were able to overcome the condition, while a 50-year-old got only partial relief.

קרלוס גורדון, עוז צור, רחל פורס, עדנה קוט ונתן גדות

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo: Diagnostic Pitfalls 

C.R. Gordon, O. Zur, R. Furas, E. Kott, N. Gadoth


Depts. of Neurology and of Physical Therapy, Meir General Hospital, Kfar Saba, and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a common but often unrecognized cause of treatable vertigo. Possible causes of misdiagnosis of BPPV were studied by review of the records of 191 patients referred to our neurology clinic; 36 were identified as having BPPV not previously diagnosed. On referral the patients carried the following diagnoses: unspecified dizziness/vertigo (33%), transient ischemic attacks (28%), cervicogenic vertigo (19%), psychogenic dizziness/vertigo (11%), and others (8%).

The paroxysmal nature of the vertigo and position-precipitating factors were not spontaneously reported by 31%. Atypical, even bizarre, symptoms including dizzy sensations were reported by 19%, and neck pain and headache were cardinal symptoms that accompanied vertigo.

The Dix-Hallpike maneuver, which is essential for the diagnosis of BPPV, was not performed in any of the patients prior to referral. 30 (83%) experienced complete resolution of signs and symptoms after the first physical treatment session.

We conclude that non-paroxysmal, non-positional vertigo does not rule out BPPV. Atypical and even bizarre complaints of dizziness, as well as neck pain and headache could be cardinal symptoms of BPPV. The Dix-Hallpike maneuver is mandatory in those complaining of dizziness and vertigo.

יצחק וינוגרד, ברוך קלין, א' זילביגר וגדעון אשל

Aortopexy for Tracheomalacia in Infants and Children


I. Vinograd, B. Klin, A. Silbiger, G. Eshel


Depts. of Pediatric Surgery, and Anesthesia, Dana Children's Hospital, Sourasky-Tel Aviv Medical Center;  Dept. of Pediatric Surgery and Intensive Care Unit, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


During the past 12 years (1985-1998), 28 infants and children were operated on here for tracheomalacia. The diagnosis was made in all using rigid bronchoscopy. During the examination the infants breathed spontaneously, but the trachea collapsed on forced expiration.

Indications for surgery were repeated cyanotic spells ("dying spells") in 22, recurrent pneumonia, and inability to extubate (in 8). In 11 there were more than 1 indications. Age at surgery was from 7 days to 3 years (average 11.7 months).

All 28 children underwent bronchoscopy and guided aortopexy via a left-third intercostal approach. The ascending aorta and aortic arch (and in 6 the proximal innominate artery as well) were lifted anteriorly, using 3-5 non-absorbable sutures (5.0). The sutures were placed through the adventitia of the great vessels and then passed through the sternum.

Respiratory distress was significantly improved in 21. Another 2 required external tracheal stenting with autologous rib grafts, and in 1 other an internal Palmaz stent was introduced for tracheal stability. In 4 aortopexy failed, 1 of whom had tracheobronchomalacia throughout, and another 3 had laryngomalacia which required tracheostomy to relieve the respiratory symptoms.

Postoperative complications were minor: pericardial effusion in 1 and relaxation of the left diaphragm in another. 1 infant subsequently died, of unknown cause 10 days after operation, after having been extubated on the 1st postoperative day. On long-term follow-up (6 months to 12 years) 25 were found free of residual respiratory symptoms and 3 remained with a tracheostomy.

Thus, infants and children with severe tracheomalacia associated with severe respiratory symptoms, can be relieved by bronchoscopic guided suspension of the aortic arch to the sternum.

יהונתן שרעבי, ערן סגל ואהוד גרוסמן

Prolonged Neuromuscular Damage following Cortico-Steroids and Muscle-Relaxants


Yehonatan Sharabi, Eran Segal, Ehud Grossman


Dept. of Medicine D and ICU, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


Many patients mechanically ventilated for acute respiratory failure, are treated with medication that includes a combination of cortico-steroids and non-depolarizing neuromuscular-blocking agents (NNBa). A third of them can be expected to develop delayed neuromuscular damage, which may be severe and prolonged.

We describe a 50-year-old man who suffered from acute myeloid leukemia and was ventilated due to pneumonia. He was treated with pancuronium and cortico-steroids, and during recovery suffered quadriparesis that lasted several months.

Typically this damage is purely motor and is accompanied by absent tendon-reflexes, sometimes with elevated creatin-kinase. Muscle biopsy usually shows deletion and degeneration of thick myosin filaments. The phenomenon is related to the duration of NNBa treatment, and probably results from an adverse synergistic effect on muscle tissue of the cortico-steroids and cortico-steroid-like NNBa given the immobilized patient.

Awareness of this adverse effect of steroids and pancuronium, the use of passive mobilization, shortening the use of NNBa and early rehabilitation would minimize disability due to this phenomenon.

נעם פינק ומאיר מועלם

Minocycline Pneumonitis and Eosinophilia


Noam Fink, Meir Mouallem


Dept. of Medicine E, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


Pneumonitis with eosinophilia is one of the less common and severe adverse effects of minocycline. The disease evolves in days or weeks from the beginning of treatment, and is usually characterized by dyspnea, fever and bilateral infiltrates in the chest X-ray. With cessation of the antibiotic, and sometimes adding cortico-steroids, clinical and roentgenological resolution follow.

We present a case given minocycline for folliculitis and 3 weeks later fever, cough and shortness of breath developed. The clinical and roentgenological course was consistent with minocycline pneumonitis accompanied by eosinophilia.

ניר שהם, דן מירון, ראול רז וחנא ג' גרזוזי

Familial Parinaud Oculo-Glandular Syndrome in Cat-Scratch Disease 

Nir Shoham, Dan Miron, Raul Raz, Hanna J. Garzozi


Depts. of Ophthalmology and Pediatrics A, and Infectious Diseases Unit, HaEmek Medical Center, Afula


Cat-scratch disease is manifested by subacute, regional lymphadenitis and occurs mainly in children. The causative agent is a pleomorphic, gram-negative bacillus, Bartonella henselae carried by asymptomatic cats. Parinaud oculoglandular syndrome is the most common ocular manifestation of this disease. It is characterized by unilateral conjunctivitis with polypoid granuloma, usually of the palpebral conjunctiva, and preauricular lymphadenopathy. The diagnosis is supported by a history of exposure to cats and is confirmed by positive serologic tests or positive PCR assay.

The occurrence of more than 1 case of Parinaud syndrome in a family is rare. We describe 2 sisters with Parinaud oculoglandular syndrome, proven by serologic tests. They reported that they used to cuddle with their cats, among them a kitten. Because of the refractory conjunctivitis and signs of imminent periorbital cellulitis, they were treated with oral tetracycline with apparently good responses.

We recommend asking about contacts with cats in any atypical conjunctivitis accompanied by regional lymphaden-opathy, especially in young patients. Systemic antibiotics should be given when there is any suspicion of significant ocular involvement, if the patient is immunosuppressed, or if there are systemic manifestations of cat-scratch disease.

רונית חיימוב-קוכמן, ראובן ברומיקר ואריאל מילויצקי. עמ' 1040-1043

רונית חיימוב-קוכמן1, ראובן ברומיקר2, אריאל מילויצקי1

1מחלקת נשים ויולדות 2והמחלקה לטיפול נמרץ בילוד, בי"ח הדסה הר הצופים, הפקולטה לרפואה, האוניברסיטה העברית, ירושלים

אורה שובמן, בוריס גילבורד, פנינה לנגביץ' ויהודה שינפלד. עמ' 1043-1046

אורה שובמן, בוריס גילבורד, פנינה לנגביץ', יהודה שינפלד

המח' לרפואה פנימית ב' והיחידה לחקר מחלות אוטואימוניות, המרכז הרפואי שיבא תל השומר והפקולטה לרפואה סאקלר, אוניברסיטת תל אביב

מילות מפתח:

נוגדני RA33, RA33, מחלות אוטואימוניות, אורה שובמן, בוריס גילבורד, פנינה לנגביץ', יהודה שינפלד, שובמן, גילבורד, לנגביץ', שינפלד

בן-עמי סלע. עמ' 1046-1050

בן-עמי סלע

המכון לכימיה פתולוגית, המרכז הרפואי שיבא, תל השומר; החוג לביוכימיה קלינית, הפאקולטה לרפואה סאקלר, אוניברסיטת תל-אביב

ח' טבנקין, ד' שטיינמץ, פ' חמאייסי וע' תמיר. עמ' 1050-1054

ח' טבנקין1, ד' שטיינמץ2, פ' חמאייסי1, ע' תמיר2

1המח' לרפואת המשפחה, מרכז רפואי העמק ומחוז הצפון, קופ"ח כללית, שלוחת הצפון של המכון להתמחות החטיבה לבריאות הקהילה, הפקולטה למדעי הבריאות בנגב. 2המח' לאפידמיולוגיה ולבריאות בקהילה, ביה"ח כרמל, הפקולטה לרפואה, הטכניון – חיפה.

נתן רוז'נסקי ואברהם בן-שושן. עמ' 1055-1060

נתן רוז'נסקי, אברהם בן-שושן

מח' לרפואת נשים ויולדות, ביה"ח הדסה, עיןכרם, הפקולטה לרפואה של האוניברסיטה העברית, ירושלים


הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303