Antioxidant Profile of Human Saliva and its Biological Significance
R. M. Nagler, A. Z. Reznick
Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Salivary Clinic and Oral Biochemistry Laboratory; Rambam Medical Center and Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa
Saliva is the first biological medium to come in contact with materials entering the body through the oral cavity. These materials are contained in food and drink (or inhaled as volatile ingredients). Accordingly, saliva contains various defense mechanisms which have been thoroughly investigated. They include immunological and enzymatic systems aimed at pathological microorganisms. Saliva also can protect the mucosa against mechanical insults and when required, promote its healing via agents such as the epidermal growth factor.
Another defense mechanism in saliva which has been gaining increased attention and seems to be of paramount importance is its antioxidant system. We discuss both the molecular and enzymatic components of the salivary antioxidant system in respect to mixed, parotid, submandibular and sublingual saliva and under various physiological conditions of secretion.