Management of Nasal Meningoencephaloceles and Cerebrospinal Rhinorrhea
M. Puterman, A. Leiberman, I. Shelef*
E.N.T Department, Radiological Department* Soroka Medical Center, Beer-Sheva, Ben-Gurion University
CSF rhinorrhea constitutes a diagnostic challenge. If unrecognized or incompletely managed, it can result in devastating complications. The physician must e aware to this entity and it's management. The conventional neurosurgical management of meningoencephaloceles and cerebrospinal rhinorrhea has been by the intracranial approach.
Otolaryngologists have undertaken extracranial approaches for repair of these problems with fair results. In recent years, functional endoscopic sinus surgery has gained polularity and was advocated for the repair of nasal meningoencephaloceles and CSF fistulae. Between 1998 and 1999, five patients were operated by the senior author (M.P) by means of endoscopic sinus surgery.
High success rate and lower morbidity make this approach the treatment of choice. The perioperative use of fluoroscein allows us to locate precisely the defect and to confirm complete sealing of the leak.
We present our experience in managing 5 cases, 3 of which presented with meningoencephaloceles.