• כרטיס רופא
  • אתרי הר"י
  • צרו קשר
  • פעולות מהירות
  • עברית (HE)
  • מה תרצו למצוא?

        תוצאת חיפוש

        ינואר 1999
        ענת בן-עמי, גרא גנדלמן, דוד ארגז וזאב שטגר

        Meningitis Due to Streptococcus Bovis Type 2

         

        Anat Ben-Ami, Gera Gandelman, David Ergaz, Zev Shtoeger

         

        Dept. of Medicine B, Kaplan Hospital, Rehovot (Affiliated with the Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical School)

         

        Meningitis due to Streptococcus bovis is rare. Only 14 cases having been reported in the English literature. All patients (including the patient described) had an underlying disease or were treated by pharmacological agents that predisposed the patient to the infection. Most were treated by monotherapy with penicillin G (or amoxicillin) and recovered.

        We describe a 74-year-old woman who had splenectomy as treatment for hairy cell leukemia 6 months before hospitalization for meningitis and sepsis by S. bovis type 2. She was successfully treated with intravenous amoxicillin. There was neither evidence of endocarditis nor carcinoma of the colon. Although the association between S. bovis meningitis and endocarditis or carcinoma of the gastrointestinal tract is not well established, we recommend a full work-up for GI malignancy and endocarditis in every patient with S. bovis meningitis.

        דצמבר 1998
        סרגיי גולדשטיין, יאיר לוי ויהודה שינפלד

        Pulmonary Hypertension and Multi-Valvular Damage Caused by Anorectic Drugs

         

        Serge E. Goldstein, Yair Levy, Yehuda Shoenfeld

         

        Medical Dept. B and Institute for Immunological Disease Research, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Marked obesity is an independent risk factor for multisystem morbidity. The use of anorectic drugs is an aggressive strategy for weight reduction. It appears to be an easy way of dealing with the problem, because the patient needn't change his behavior. However, such treatment is not harmless. At the end of the 60's an outbreak of pulmonary hypertension was associated with the drug aminorex, and it was soon withdrawn from the market. 30 years later it became clear that new-generation anorectic drugs (fenfluramine, dexfenfluramine, phentermine), which were being used world-wide, lead to both pulmonary hypertension and valvular damage.

         

        We describe a woman of 70 with both these complications which developed after prolonged anorectic therapy with a fenfluramine-phentermine combination.

        יהונתן פינטהוס, יורם מור ויעקב רמון

        The Mitrofanoff Pouch in Lower Urinary Tract Reconstruction

         

        J.H. Pinthus, Y. Mor, J. Ramon

         

        Urology Dept., Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer

         

        The Mitrofanoff principle, first described in 1980, consists of implanting a tubular organ such as the appendix, ureter, or fallopian tube into the wall of the bladder (or urinary reservoir) to create a non-refluxing, catherizable urinary conduit. Between 1993-1996, 7 men and 1 woman (aged 48-64, average 59) underwent radical cystectomy and urethrectomy combined with the creation of a MAINZ I urinary reservoir (based on the Mitrofanoff principle). In men the indication for the procedure was the diagnosis of invasive transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder with involvement of the prostatic urethra. All patients had refused urinary diversion to an ileal conduit because of its deleterious effect on the quality of life.

         

        In all patients the postoperative course was uneventful, apart from intraperitoneal urinary leakage from the reservoir in 1, successfully managed conservatively. The patients have gained full control of urinary drainage, performing intermittent self-catheterizations every 4-5 hours. In 3 patients there were difficulties with catheterization due to stenosis of the conduit, usually at the skin level. None have suffered leakage from the reservoir, during the day, even when it was full.

        Our experience shows that creation of a continent urinary reservoir according to the MAINZ I technique is an excellent surgical solution for patients in whom the creation of an orthotopic reservoir is impractical. The use of the umbilicus as a stomal site preserves normal body image and thus does not interfere with quality of life as in those undergoing radical cystectomy.

        דורון זמיר, רסמי מג'דלה ופלטיאל וינר

        Normotensive Hydrocephalus Complicating Recurrent E. Coli Meningitis

         

        Doron Zamir, Rasmi Magadle, Paltiel Weiner

         

        Dept. of Medicine A, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera

         

        E. coli meningitis is a disease that occurs in predisposed patients, either as a result of trauma or in neonates after neurosurgery. Recurrent E. coli meningitis in an adult without any apparent predisposition is uncommon, and hydrocephalus complicating bacterial meningitis is even more rare. We report a unique case of a 67-year-old alcoholic man who had had 2 consecutive episodes of E. coli meningitis within 2 months. In both episodes there was a favorable response to ceftriaxone. However, normotensive hydrocephalus appeared a few weeks later, with mental and physical deterioration.

        עמוס כץ, אנגל קנטור ואלכסנדר בטלר

        Serotonin Re-Uptake Inhibitors as Primary Therapy for Carotid Sinus Hypersensitivity

         

        Amos Katz, Angel Kantor, Alexander Battler

         

        Cardiology Dept., Soroka Medical Center and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        Carotid sinus syndrome is a well-recognized cause of unexplained syncope in older patients, and may lead to significant morbidity due to trauma from falls. Dual chamber pacing has been shown to be effective in relieving symptoms due to bradycardia, but not due to vasodepressor response. We report an 84-year-old man with recurrent syncope due to carotid sinus hypersensitivity. He was treated only with a serotonin re-uptake inhibitor and was symptom-free after 3 weeks of therapy. He has remained symptom-free for the past year.

        ריבה בריק

        Methotrexate Treatment in Refractory Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

         

        R. Brik

         

        Pediatrics B Dept., Rambam Medical Center, Haifa

         

        The mean time from initiation of methotrexate (MTX) treatment of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) to partial remission of clinical symptoms and total clinical remission was assessed. 9 girls and 8 boys, from 3 to 18 years of age (mean 11.4±5.4) with active JRA by American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria (5 systemic, 8 polyarticular and 4 pauciarticular disease onset), who failed to respond to adequate courses of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), steroids or disease-modidrugs were studied.

         

        Clinic visits were scheduled at monthly intervals for physical and laboratory assessment disease activity and drug safety. Partial response to MTX was defined a 25% reduction of the active joint count and/or articular severity score. Total clinical remission was defined as in adult rheumatoid arthritis. The duration of disease activity until enrollment ranged from 6 months to 14 years (4.5±3.7 yr); duration of therapy was 3 months to 3 years (14.6±9.3mo) and dosage ranged from 5 to 15 mg/m²/week. Prednisone in doses below 10 mg/day and NSAID were permitted.

        14 of 17 patients (82%) had a 25% reduction in joint activity after 6 weeks to 4 months (9.2±3.2 weeks); 10 (59%) went into full clinical remission after 5 to 26 months (14.3±9 months); 3 relapsed after an initial response to treatment, and 4 (23%) did not respond to MTX. The non-responders were males who required higher doses of prednisone (p<0.0001).

        MTX appears to be effective therapy for children with JRA. An initial response can be expected in most patients after 9 weeks of treatment, and full clinical remission occurs after a mean of 14 months.

        א' אדונסקי, ש' לבנקרון, י' פלייסיג, א' שטרית וצ' בלומשטיין

        Evaluation of Predictive Factors for Stroke Rehabilitation

         

        Abraham Adunsky, Shlomo Levenkrohn, Yehudit Fleissig, Angela Chetrit, Zvia Blumstein

         

        Geriatric Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology Depts., Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer

         

        Our objective was to assess the functional disability of stroke patients by the functional independence measure (FIM) and to examine predictive factors for successful rehabilitation. In 127 consecutive stroke patients efficacy of FIM was 23.9±188, efficiency 0.54±0.45 and 81.9% of patients returned home. Functional improvement was statistically significant (p<0.001) in all FIM domains. Multivariate analysis showed that improvement in FIM score was significantly greater in the younger, among the married, the hemiparetic, and those with an admission FIM of 40-60, while efficiency was related only to type of diagnosis. In addition, the hemiparetic were 3.3 times more likely to return home than the hemiplegic.

         

        We conclude that rehabilitation priorities should be directed towards patients younger than 75 years and to those with an admission FIM of 40-60 points. The results of this study reaffirm the usefulness of the FIM index in assessing stroke rehabilitation.

        אליעזר אלקלעי, דניאל יפה וצבי שפינדל

        Radiologic Appearance of "Falling Gallstones" during Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

         

        E. Alkalay, D. Yaffe, Z. Spindel

         

        Eyn Vered Clinic and Depts. of Radiology and Surgery, Sapir Medical Center, Kfar Saba and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the "gold standard" in treating cholelithiasis. Stones are frequently lost in the peritoneal cavity during the procedure, but "missing stones" have been regarded as insignificant. However, there is accumulating evidence that untreated "lost" stones may cause complications even years after operation.

         

        We present a 65-year-old woman who presented with vague complaints, anemia and an elevated ESR. CT scan showed an infiltrating process in extra-abdominal muscles compatible with sarcoma. At operation, 2.5 years after previous laparoscopic cholecystectomy, an abscess was found which contained biliary stones. Because of their small size they were not visible on CT scan. We discuss the possible ways of handling "falling stones."

        נובמבר 1998
        יוסף משעל, חיים יוספי, אמיל חי, דליה כץ, אליסה אמבון ורוזה שניידר

        Risk of Transmission of Viral Disease by Needle Puncture in Health Care Workers

         

        Yosef Mishal, Chaim Yosefy, Emil Hay, Dalia Catz, Elisia Ambon, Roza Schneider

         

        Infectious Disease Unit, Emergency Dept. and Microbiology Lab, Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon (Affiliated with Ben-Gurion University of the Negev)

         

        The accidental exposure of the health care workers (HCW) to blood and blood products constitutes a danger for transmission of blood-borne pathogens and the development of severe diseases. Most attention is focused on exposure to the viruses of hepatitis B, C and human immunodeficiency. The objectives of this prospective study were to determine the rate of exposure of our HCW to blood and blood products; to define the high risk groups; and to establish recommendations to prevent transmission or reduce the risk of exposure to these viruses.

        During the year 1996, 103 injuries from needle-puncture or other sharp objects were reported to our infectious diseases control unit. Most of those injured were women. 58.4% of the events occurred in the vicinity of the patient. The source of exposure was known in 60% of the cases. 73.8% of those injured had already been immunized against hepatitis B. The departments in which most exposures occurred were the operating theater (12.5%), medical departments A (10.6%) and B (9.6%), and the emergency department (7.7%). Nurses were at highest risk, constituting 47% of those injured.

         

        Our recommendations are that a continuous teaching program be established for the high risk groups; that HCW be urged to report every event of exposure; and to encourage HCW to undergo active immunization against hepatitis B.

        מ' פיינסוד

        The Surgeon and the Emperor: a Humanitarian on the Battlefield

         

        M. Feinsod

         

        Dept. of Neurosurgery, Rambam (Maimonides) Medical Center; B. Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa

         

        The Baron Dominique-Jean Larrey, one of the greatest names in military surgery, participated as Chief Surgeon in all the Napoleonic campaigns. He developed the concept of early evacuation from the battlefield, and of immediate treatment of the wounded, even under fire. He implemented improved surgical techniques and improved wound care that were followed by surgeons all over Europe. His devotion to wounded soldiers crossed national boundaries and became a way of life. Here is an account of Larrey's involvement in the aftermath of the Battles of Lutzen and Bautzen (May-June 1813), when many soldiers were accused of self-mutilation and were about to be executed. He dared to oppose, singlehanded, the Emperor, the highest military authorities and their concurring physicians and surgeons, armed only by his undisputed honesty, professional authority and exceptional reputation won over years of devotion to wounded soldiers. Larrey saved the lives of many soldiers and set an example of unbent ethical integrity.

        פטר יעקובי, אורלי גולדשטיק, רנטו פינקלשטיין ויוסף איצקוביץ-אלדור

        Empirical Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections in the Delivery Room

         

        Peter Jakobi, Orly Goldstick, Renato Finkelstein, Joseph Itzkovitz-Eldor

         

        Obstetrics and Gynecology Dept. and Infectious Disease Unit, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa

         

        Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common bacterial infection during pregnancy. In prenatal and delivery wards treatment is usually started at once in pregnant women with symptoms suggesting UTI, but there is no uniformity as to treatment. We surveyed such treatment in the delivery rooms throughout Israel, and whether the treatment differed in simple cystitis as opposed to pyelonephritis. Results of positive urine cultures from symptomatic parturients admitted here during 1995-1996 were examined.


        There were 17 different empiric treatment protocols in 28 delivery rooms, whose daily cost ranged from 1-119 NIS. We present the antimicrobial sensitivity of 156 bacteria isolated from the urinary cultures from pregnant women in our prenatal ward. Based upon urinary flora, sensitivity and daily cost, we suggest a protocol for empiric treatment. We recommend first and second generation cephalosporins for treatment of simple lower (UTIs), while gentamicin is suggested for treatment of clinical pyelonephritis during pregnancy. There is no medical nor economic justification for the multiplicity of empiric treatment protocols currently used. Considering our results, our protocol is cost-effective for the empiric treatment of UTI in hospitalized parturients and in the community as well.

        יצחק סרוגו, אירנה צ'יסטיאקוב, אלה כהן, יורם טל ומיכאל יפה

        Nasopharyngeal Colonization with Streptococcus Pneumoniae in Pediatric Respiratory Infections

         

        Isaac Srugo, Irena Chystiakov, Ella Cohen, Yoram Tal, Michael Jaffe

         

        Clinical Microbiology and Pediatric Depts., Bnai Zion Medical Center and Technion Faculty of Medicine, Haifa

         

        During the winter of 1995, nasopharyngeal colonization of Streptococcus pneumoniae was evaluated in 204 children with respiratory infection and 107 normal control children. There was no difference in gender or mean age between the groups, and no difference in carrier rate between sick (24.5%) and normal (22%) children (p=0.6). Carrier rates were 19%, 32%, 31% and 17% at 6, 12, 24 and 48 months, respectively. Penicillin-resistant pneumococci (PRP) were found in 42% of sick and 16.6% of normal children, (p<0.05). Resistance to more than 2 antibiotics was found in 28% of sick and in 12.5% of normal children. PRP were found in 67% and 34% of sick children with and without prior antibiotic treatment (p<0.05). We conclude that there is no difference in the carrier rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae between sick and normal children. However, the high prevalence of PRP in children with respiratory infections is probably due to prior antibiotic treatment.

        נאסר גטאס, נורמן לוברנט ודוד רמון

        Miliary and Reticulo-Nodular Pulmonary Brucellosis

         

        Nasser Gattas, Norman Loberant, David Ri

         

        Medical Dept. B and Radiology Depts., Western Galilee Regional Hospital, Nahariya and Rappaport Faculof Medicine, The Technion, Haifa

         

        Brucellosis is a classical zoonosis caused by a Gram-negative bacillus of the genus Brucella. Human brucellosis can either be acute or chronic and present with a variety of manifestations, mostly with fever and signs of musculo-skeletal involvement. It may be complicated by involvement of the cardiovascular, central nervous or genito-urinary systems. However, pulmonary brucellosis is a rare complication.

        We report a case of miliary and reticulo-nodular brucellar pneumonia with positive blood and sputum cultures and positive serological tests. To the best of our knowledge this is the first case to be reported from Israel of miliary pneumonia with sputum positive for brucellosis.

        מאיר כהן, ערן תמיר, סובחי אבו-עאיד, יאיר גלילי, מיכאל גלעדי, שמואל אביטל, רפאל שפיר ויוסף קלאוזנר

        The Diagnosis and Treatment of Fournier's Gangrene

         

        M. Cohen, E. Tamir, S. Abu-Abid, Y. Galili, M. Giladi, S. Avital, R. Shafir, Y. Klausner

         

        Surgery and Infectious Disease Depts. and Division of Surgery, Tel Aviv-Sourasky Medical Center, and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        We treated 2 women and 8 men suffering from Fournier's gangrene during 1990-96. 2 had diabetes, 1 suffered from ulcerative colitis and 1 was an alcoholic. In 8 of them the infection was triggered by a mixture of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. Treatment consisted of repeated wide debridement and early colostomy. This aggressive approach resulted in relief of the septic signs within 24 hours and permitted early skin grafting of the wounds. 2 patients died due to sepsis that caused multiple organ failure. The 8 who survived were hospitalized for an average of 35 days. On follow-up examination 1-5 years later all patients had undergone closure of the colostomy and were completely rehabilitated.

        Fournier's gangrene is not rare in the geriatric population. We believe that early diagnosis and aggressive wide debridement, combined with early colostomy, are the keys to successful treatment.

        יונית גולד ושמעון רייף

        Aphthous Stomatitis as a First Manifestation of Crohn's Disease in a Child

         

        Y. Gold, S. Reif

         

        Dana Children's Hospital, Tel Aviv Medical Center

         

        The incidence of Crohn's disease has risen dramatically over the past few years. The peak age of onset is in late adolescence, but it rarely occurs in the first few years of life. We describe a 5-year-old boy with recurrent bouts of fever, aphthous stomatitis, and anemia which did not respond to routine antibiotic therapy. It was only after a few months, when the characteristic symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): abdominal pain and diarrhea appeared, that the diagnosis of Crohn's disease was made.

        This case illustrates the difficulty in diagnosing IBD in young children. The presenting symptoms of IBD in children are often nonspecific and extra-intestinal. There is usually a low index of suspicion by the physician as to the possibility of IBD in a young child.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303