Effectiveness of Selective Hepatic Artery Embolization in a Child after Blunt Hepatic Trauma
Y. Sweed, A. Engel, M. Halberthal
Depts. of Pediatric Surgery and Radiology and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Rambam Medical Center, Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa
A 9-year-old boy was admitted after a bicycle fall. Abdominal CT-scan revealed severe liver injury (stage IV according to the liver injury scale of the American Association for Surgery Trauma), including ruptured intraparenchymal hematoma with active bleeding. The patient was hemodynamically stable and was treated conservatively for the first 2 days. On the 3rd day selective hepatic artery angiography was performed because of abdominal distension and the need for 7 pints of packed red blood cells. Active right hepatic artery bleeding was identified and treated successfully by embolization. We think that early angiography and selective embolization should always be considered for acute or continuous bleeding after liver injury.