Skeletonized Internal Mammary Arteries for Coronary Bypass Grafting
Jacob Gurevitch, Yosef Paz, Menachem Matsa, Amir Kramer, Dimitri Pevni, Oren Lev-Ran, H. Locker, Raphael Mohr
Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Sourasky-Tel Aviv Medical Center
The skeletonized internal mammary artery (IMA) is longer, and its immediate spontaneous blood flow is greater than that of the pedicled IMA, thus providing increased versatility for complete, arterial myocardial revascularization without the use of saphenous vein grafts. From April 1996 to May 1997, 583 patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting here and in 415 (71%) complete arterial revascularization was achieved using bilateral skeletonized IMA. The right gastroepiploic artery was used in 57 (13%); there were 329 males (79%) and 86 women (21%); average age was 64 (30-87) and 175 (36%) were older than 70; 131 (32%) were diabetics. Average number of grafts was 3.2 (range 2-6 grafts). At 30 days, 5 (1.2%) had died and there had been 6 perioperative infarcts (1.4%), 5 CVA's (1.2%), and 6 had sternal wound infections (1.4%). Up to 1-12 months of follow-up was achieved in 409 (99%). Late mortality was 1.4% (of which 3 were noncardiac). 394 (97%) were angina-free at latest follow-up. We conclude that arterial revascularization using bilateral skeletonized IMA is safe, as postoperative morbidity and mortality are low, even in old and diabetic patients.