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        תוצאת חיפוש

        מאי 1998
        טוביה וינברגר, טוני חאיק ושלמה קידר

        Acute Gastroenteritis caused by Enterohemorrhagic E. Coli O157:H7


        Tuvia Weinberger, Tony Hayek, Shlomo Keidar


        Dept. of Medicine E, Rambam Medical Center, and Dept. of Family Care, Haifa and West Galilee, and Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa


        We report a 48-year-old man admitted for watery diarrhea, high fever, chills and abdominal cramps. Entero-hemorrhagic E. coli O157:H7 was isolated. This new, dangerous pathogen causes dysentery and complications such as hemolytic uremic syndrome and thrombotic thrombo-cytopenic purpura. These complications can cause renal failure, neurological deficit and death. Recognition of E. coli O157:H7 infection is important since it causes a rare and dangerous condition. To the best of our knowledge this is the first case reported in Israel.

        אפריל 1998
        נ' בר-נתן, ז' שפירא, ע' שהרבני, א' יוסים, י' בן ארי, ט' שינפלד, א' זהבי, ר' שפירא, ג' דינרי, ז' בן ארי, ר' טור כספא וא' מור

        Living-Related Liver Transplantation


        N. Bar-Nathan, Z. Shapira, E. Shaharabani, A. Yussim, Y. Ben-Ari, T. Sheinfeld, I. Zehavi, R. Shapira, G. Dinari, Z. Ben-Ari, R. Tur-Kaspa, E. Mor


        Dept. of Transplantation and Liver Institute, Rabin Medical Center (Beilinson Campus), and Pediatric Intensive Care and Pediatric Gastroenterology Units, Schneider Children's Medical Center, Petah Tikva


        Our experience with living-related liver transplantation is described. In 2 boys and 1 girl, aged 4-4.5 years with acute, fulminating hepatitis A, the presence of very severe jaundice (bilirubin levels > 18 mg%) associated with severe coagulopathy (INR>10) and encephalopathy indicated the need for urgent liver transplantation. In all 3 cases the left lateral hepatic segment of a matched blood type parent was transplanted. None of the donors suffered a serious complication postoperatively and all returned to full activity in 6-16 weeks. The post-transplantation course was uneventful in 1 child, but in the other 2 there was hepatic arterial thrombosis in 1 at 1 day and in the other at 8 days post-transplantation. Early detection of arterial thrombosis by Doppler sonography permitted salvage of the 2 hepatic grafts after thrombectomy and re-anastomosis. In 1 of these 2 children an anastomotic biliary stricture was found 2 months after transplantation. It was corrected at surgery and a percutaneous stent was inserted. All 3 children are alive with normal graft function at 2, 7 and 8 months post-transplantation, respectively. This initial experience indicates that living-related liver transplantation is feasible in Israel. The technique might help to solve our severe organ shortage for children awaiting liver transplantation.

        גריגורי-צבי יזרעאלב

        Delirium Tremens in Israel


        G.-Z. Ezrielev


        Mental Health Center, Beer Sheba


        We discuss pathogenetic aspects (biochemical, pharmacological) of delirium tremens (DT) in accordance with the acute clinical processes, the development of psychosis, and preventive treatment used in the various stages. A typical patient, a 33-year-old man, and the difficulties in diagnosis and treatment are presented and conclusions from the dangerous behavior of the patient are drawn.

        ישראל פריאל, רמה כץ וערן דולב

        Acute Hyperparathyroidism Caused by Hemorrhage into a Parathyroid Adenoma


        I.E. Priel, Rama Katz, E. Dolev


        Depts. of Medicine E and Radiology, Wolfson Medical Center, Holon and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


        Acute hyperparathyroidism is a rare and dangerous condition. It is supposed to result from transformation of a mild chronic form into an acute and stormy illness. The causes and the mechanism of such a transformation are usually unknown. A case of acute hyperparathyroidism is presented in which hemorrhage into a parathyroid adenoma was recognized and diagnosed as the immediate cause of the transformation from the mild long-standing form of the disease into the severe acute form.

        דורון מרקוביץ, מיכאל רוזנבאום, יצחק רוזנר ואלי רוטנשטרייך

        Chemical Synovectomy in Arthritis by Intra-Articular Injection of Osmic Acid


        D. Markovits, M. Rozenbaum, I. Rosner, E. Rottenstriech


        Dept. of Medicine A, Carmel Hospital; Rheumatology Unit, Bnai Zion Hospital; and Zevulun Medical Clinic, Haifa


        18 patients suffering from persistent synovitis despite medical therapy were treated with an intra-articular injection of osmic acid. After 1 year of follow-up, 68% had good results and there were no complications nor detectable radiographic evidence of disease progression. Because osmic acid is almost as effective as surgical synovectomy and is cheap and easy to administer, it can be recommended as the first choice for treatment of corticosteroid-resistant arthritis in the early stages of the disease.

        יפה שיף וטלי לרמן-שגיא

        Ketogenic Diet for Intractable Epilepsy in Adults


        Yaffa Schiff, Tally Lerman-Sagie


        Nutrition and Diet Unit, Tel Aviv Medical Center; and Pediatric Neurology Unit, Wolfson Medical Center, Holon; and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


        The ketogenic diet is an accepted alternative for children with intractable generalized or multi-focal seizures not amenable to surgery. It is not commonly used in adults because of the impression that the diet is less effective after childhood, when it is more difficult both to achieve ketosis and to change dietary habits. We present a 20-year-old man with intractable epilepsy since early childhood who is being treated with great success by a medium-chain triglyceride ketogenic diet. It has not only controlled the seizures but has also improved quality of life. We recommend a therapeutic trial of the ketogenic diet in intractable epilepsy for all ages.

        רני גולדמן, גיורא קפלן, רחל גורביץ וויטה בראל

        Drowning in Israel: 1990-1992


        R. Goldman, G. Kaplan, R. Gurvich, V. Barell


        Pediatric Division, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer; and Health Services Research Unit, Israel Ministry of Health


        There are no epidemiolostudies of drowning in Israel in the scientific literature, despite prominent reports in the media. We analthe extent of mortality from drowning in Israel during 1990-92, attempting to identify and characterize groups at high risk, and to determine trends and differences between Israel and other countries. Computerized death certificate files were provided by the Israel government Central Bureau of Statistics; deaths from drowning were included among external causes codes E-830, 832, E-910, E-954, E-964, E-984.

        In Israel, as in the United States, mortality from drowning is the fourth cause of death among all unintentional causes, and the second cause in age-groups 1-24, ranking after transport accidents. During 1990-92 there were 1.2 drownings a year/100,000 population. The highest rates were found among young non-Jews 15-24 years old (7.8/100,000) and among elderly Jews (3.5/100,000). Unintentional drowning accounted for 89% of all deaths; while about 10% were defined as suicides. Males had a rate almost 3 times greater than females, and the among Arabs was 2.4 times greater than among Jews. The 1990-92 drowning rate was slightly lower than in previous years.

        Drowning rates in Israel are lower than in the United States, except in the elderly. Apparently the principal reason for this difference is difference in sites of drowning. In Israel most drownings occur in the sea, so site data are unavailable for international comparisons. Careful consideration of the categories (E-codes) included in the rates, and of local registration procedures, is necessary for international comparisons.

        Foreign workers, tourists and other nonresidents are not included in national vital statistics. But estimations based on Ministry of Interior sources show that foreign workers (most, recent arrivals) during the last few years are an extremely high risk group. Population-based drowning rates are not an accurate estimation of drowning risk, since universal exposure to the "opportunity to drown" is assumed.

        ליויה תאודור, רונית שירי-סברדלוב, גלית הירש-יחזקאל, רויטל ברוכים בר-שדה, אוה גאק, אירית פרידמן, אנה קרוגליקובה, גלעד בן-ברוך, שולמית ריזל, משה פפא ואיתן פרידמן

        Oncogenetic Counseling and Genetic Testing of Those at High Risk for Breast and Ovarian Cancer


        Livia Theodor, Ronit Shiri-Sverdlov, Galit Hirsch Yechezkel, Revital Bruchim Bar-Sade, Eva Gak, Irit Friedman, Anna Kruglikova, Gilad Ben-Baruch, Shulamit Risel, Moshe Z. Papa, Boleslav Goldman, Eitan Friedman


        Oncogenetics Unit, Dept. of Clinical Epidemiology, Institute of Genetics, and Gynecology, Oncology, and Surgical Depts., Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer


        There is inherited predisposition to breast and ovarian cancer in 5-10% of all women with these diseases. Germline mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 presumably account for most of the genetically susceptible individuals. We summarize 2 years of experience in counseling and testing for inherited predisposition to these cancers.

        597 women (from 320 families) have been evaluated since August 1995. 242 were evaluated for inherited predisposition to breast and ovarian cancer. One-third had clear-cut evidence of familial background. 74 families were of Ashkenazi origin; the age range of breast cancer was 30-35, of ovarian cancer 40-45. In 80% of families other cancers were also noted in first degree family members, including lung, colon, and prostate cancer and leukemia.

        Genetic testing revealed that 45% of affected and 25% of unaffected women were carriers of a mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA2: 67/90 185delAG (BRCA1), 12/90 6174delT (BRCA2), and 4/90 of 5382insC (BRCA1). In addition, a novel mutation in exon 11 of BRCA1 was detected, carried by 7/90 women. The experience gained in oncogenetic counseling and genetic testing for inherited cancer predisposition will eventually enable determining an optimal, rational therapeutic regimen in carriers of mutations.

        מ' סקלייר-לוי, ד' שחם, י' שרמן, י' בר-זיו י' ליבסון

        Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of Mediastinal Masses Guided by Computed Tomography


        M. Sklair-Levy, D. Shaham, I. Sherman, I. Bar-Ziv, I. Libson


        Depts. of Radiology and Pathology, Hadassah-University Hospital, Jerusalem


        Progress in diagnostic radiology and pathology during the past decade has changed the approach to diagnosis of mediastinal masses. Diagnosis by CT-guided needle biopsy (CTNB) has replaced open biopsy and mediastinoscopy. CTNB of mediastinal masses is accurate, reliable and safe. It is done under local anesthesia, in ambulatory patients and is tolerated well. Between July 1987 and April 1997 we performed 67 biopsies in 63 patients aged 6-86 years; 33 were women (average age 40.8 years) and 30 men (average age 38.3 years). 57 of 67 biopsies were core biopsies for histologic examination and 10 were cytologic biopsies. In this report we concentrate on the 57 core biopsies. 41 of the biopsies were diagnostic; in 3 of them no evidence of malignancy was found. In 38 of the biopsies a tumor, malignant or benign, or an inflammatory process was diagnosed. In 24 of the biopsies the diagnosis was lymphoma. In 16 there was not enough material for diagnosis. We repeated the biopsy in 4 of the latter due to high suspicion of malignancy and reached a diagnosis in all 4 of them. In 6 the diagnosis was reached only by operation. The biopsies were from all compartments of the mediastinum. There were no complications such as pneumothorax or bleeding, except for 1 case of mild hemoptysis. In conclusion, CTNB of mediastinal lesions is accurate, safe and relatively cheap. In 72% a diagnosis was reached in the first attempt and a second attempt raised the diagnostic rate to 79%. We believe that CTNB should be the first step in tissue diagnosis of mediastinal masses, including those with a high suspicion of lymphoma.

        יורם הרט וברנרד הירשוביץ

        Topical Photodynamic Therapy in Basal and Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Penile Bowen's Disease


        Yoram Harth, Bernard Hirshovitz


        Photodynamic Therapy Unit, Elisha Medical Center, Haifa


        Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a noninvasive selective therapy for a specific group of skin tumors. 5-aminolevulinic acid 20% in a water-in-oil cream base was applied to the tumors as a photosensitizer and was followed after 12 hours by exposure to a high output light source emitting red (585-720 nm; 150 mW/cm²) and near infrared irradiation (1.25-1.6 mm; 50 mW/cm²) for 10-15 minutes (VersaLight, incoherent filtered light source). Complete responses were achieved after 1-3 treatments in 26/31 lesions of superficial or small nodular basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and 4/5 in superficial, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) lesions. There was a patient with Bowen's disease of the penis. Follow-up was for 12-24 months. This noninvasive, nearly painless treatment gives excellent therapeutic and cosmetic results. Our data show its efficacy for certain subtypes of BCC, SCC and Bowen's disease. Further studies will determine the exact cure and recurrence rates with this modality and compare it to other modes of skin cancer therapy.

        ריבה בורוביק, מריאנה שטיינר, יעקב אטד, בוריס שניידרמן, טלי רוזנברג ושולה פלטי

        Taxol as Second-Line Therapy in Recurrent Breast and Ovarian Cancer


        R. Borovik, M. Steiner, J. Atad, B. Sneiderman, T. Rosenberg, S. Palti


        Oncology Depts., Lin Medical Center and Carmel Medical Center, Haifa


        Results of chemotherapy with Taxol (paclitaxel) in 55 patients with recurrent breast and ovarian cancer were reviewed. Taxol was given as a 3-hour infusion, every 3 weeks, on an outpatient basis. There was complete or partial response in 8 patients (23%) with breast cancer and 10 (50%) with ovarian cancer. Performance status and previous response to adriamycin were important prognostic factors. Toxicity was manageable. Treatment had to be stopped for hypersensitivity reactions in only 2 patients. Taxol given in an ambulatory clinic is safe and effective.

        רפאל יוסף חרותי, רון בן-אברהם, מיכאל שטיין, יניר אברמוביץ, יהושע שמר וברוך מרגנית

        Changes in Structure and Process Components of Trauma Care in Emergedepartments


        Rephael Joseph Heruti, Ron Ben-Abraham, Yanir Abramovitch, Michael Stein, Joshua Shemer, Baruch Marganit


        Trauma Control, Israeli Center for Disease Control (ICDC), Israel Ministry of Health and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


        In recent years there have been tremendous efforts to improve primary trauma care. The Ministry of Health and other authorities have invested in new trauma facilities in various hospitals. A nationwide survey with regard to structure and function of emergency departments was carried out. Compared to a similar survey conducted in 1992, significant progress in quality and quantity of equipment at various emergency departments was demonstrated. However, there are still differences between various hospitals. A drive to standardize trauma care will undoubtedly contribute to improvement in care of the injured.

        מרץ 1998
        אנבל אהרון-מאור, יאיר לוי ויהודה שינפלד

        Fibrosarcoma after Silicone Breast Augmentation: Associated?


        Anabel Aharon-Maor, Yair Levy, Yehuda Schoenfeld


        Medical Dept. B, Chaim Sheba Medical Center and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


        We describe a 42-year-old woman in whom bilateral fibrosarcoma of the breast was diagnosed 15 years after bilateral breast augmentation with silicone implants. 3 years prior to admission the implants were replaced and 2 years prior to admission mammography showed a nodule in the left breast which biopsy showed to be fibrosarcoma. The implants were removed from both breasts and she was given chemotherapy but later that year underwent bilateral mastectomy. Despite chemotherapy, as well as adjuvant radiotherapy, the disease progressed, with involvement of the lungs and the skin of the left hemithorax. She was admitted repeatedly for severe anemia caused by bleeding from the malignant skin lesions, and died less than 2 years after diagnosis of the disease.

        Not all reports in the literature find a significant connection between silicone implants and subsequent development of breast cancer, but there are reports that do connect them. Breast fibrosarcoma is not significantly more frequent after silicone augmentation, but still there is controversy as to whether there is a connection between silicone implants and breast malignancy. In the patient we present, the prolonged exposure to silicone may have been a predisposing factor for the development of bilateral fibrosarcoma, since other known risk factors for breast cancer were denied.

        איילת ברג ודן יובל

        Patient Satisfaction with Care in Acute-Care Hospitals


        Ayelet Berg, Dan Yuval


        JDC-Brookdale Institute of Gerontology and Human Development, Jerusalem


        Patient satisfaction with the hospitalization process is an important element in the measurement of quality of care. Information from a survey of patients' experiences could therefore help hospitals improve their service, and provide decision-makers with relevant information. We present the findings of a study of some 4,500 patients, aged 18+, released from hospitals in the fall of 1993 and of 1995 from the wards of 9 acute care hospitals, psychiatric and geriatric wards excluded. Self-administered questionnaires were sent and returned by mail, with an overall response rate of 82%.


        Despite the many changes in Israel's health system in general and its hospital system in particular, and the social and demographic changes between those 2 periods, patient satisfaction remained constant. Of those discharged from medical or surgical wards, 70% were satisfied to a "great" or "very great" extent with their hospital experience. There was improvement in most areas of hospitalization in the course of the 2 years. The greatest improvement was with regard to admission, nursing staff, hotel services, in patient satisfaction food and supplies. On the other hand there was deterioration in visiting conditions and hours. Satisfaction with physicians, nurses and hotel services had the strongest links with general satisfaction.

        רון בן אברהם, מיכאל שטיין, יורם קלוגר, גדעון פרת, אברהם ריבקינד ויהושע שמר

        Israel's ATLS Program: Summary and Outlook


        Ron Ben Abraham, Michael Stein, Yoram Kluger, Gideon Paret, Avraham Rivkind, Joshua Shemer


        Medical Dept., Israel Defense Forces and Israel Trauma Society


        In recent years a vigorous effort has been made to improve quality of primary trauma care in Israel. Advanced trauma life support courses (ATLS) were given to physicians throughout the country, regardless of their specialties. In 7 years 4229 physicians participated in 202 courses with an average success rate of 76%. In the future, issues such as mandatory vs. voluntary training, language barriers, and continuous decline of knowledge should be addressed if momentum is to be maintained.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303