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        תוצאת חיפוש

        אפריל 1998
        מ' סקלייר-לוי, ד' שחם, י' שרמן, י' בר-זיו י' ליבסון

        Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of Mediastinal Masses Guided by Computed Tomography

         

        M. Sklair-Levy, D. Shaham, I. Sherman, I. Bar-Ziv, I. Libson

         

        Depts. of Radiology and Pathology, Hadassah-University Hospital, Jerusalem

         

        Progress in diagnostic radiology and pathology during the past decade has changed the approach to diagnosis of mediastinal masses. Diagnosis by CT-guided needle biopsy (CTNB) has replaced open biopsy and mediastinoscopy. CTNB of mediastinal masses is accurate, reliable and safe. It is done under local anesthesia, in ambulatory patients and is tolerated well. Between July 1987 and April 1997 we performed 67 biopsies in 63 patients aged 6-86 years; 33 were women (average age 40.8 years) and 30 men (average age 38.3 years). 57 of 67 biopsies were core biopsies for histologic examination and 10 were cytologic biopsies. In this report we concentrate on the 57 core biopsies. 41 of the biopsies were diagnostic; in 3 of them no evidence of malignancy was found. In 38 of the biopsies a tumor, malignant or benign, or an inflammatory process was diagnosed. In 24 of the biopsies the diagnosis was lymphoma. In 16 there was not enough material for diagnosis. We repeated the biopsy in 4 of the latter due to high suspicion of malignancy and reached a diagnosis in all 4 of them. In 6 the diagnosis was reached only by operation. The biopsies were from all compartments of the mediastinum. There were no complications such as pneumothorax or bleeding, except for 1 case of mild hemoptysis. In conclusion, CTNB of mediastinal lesions is accurate, safe and relatively cheap. In 72% a diagnosis was reached in the first attempt and a second attempt raised the diagnostic rate to 79%. We believe that CTNB should be the first step in tissue diagnosis of mediastinal masses, including those with a high suspicion of lymphoma.

        ליויה תאודור, רונית שירי-סברדלוב, גלית הירש-יחזקאל, רויטל ברוכים בר-שדה, אוה גאק, אירית פרידמן, אנה קרוגליקובה, גלעד בן-ברוך, שולמית ריזל, משה פפא ואיתן פרידמן

        Oncogenetic Counseling and Genetic Testing of Those at High Risk for Breast and Ovarian Cancer

         

        Livia Theodor, Ronit Shiri-Sverdlov, Galit Hirsch Yechezkel, Revital Bruchim Bar-Sade, Eva Gak, Irit Friedman, Anna Kruglikova, Gilad Ben-Baruch, Shulamit Risel, Moshe Z. Papa, Boleslav Goldman, Eitan Friedman

         

        Oncogenetics Unit, Dept. of Clinical Epidemiology, Institute of Genetics, and Gynecology, Oncology, and Surgical Depts., Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer

         

        There is inherited predisposition to breast and ovarian cancer in 5-10% of all women with these diseases. Germline mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 presumably account for most of the genetically susceptible individuals. We summarize 2 years of experience in counseling and testing for inherited predisposition to these cancers.

        597 women (from 320 families) have been evaluated since August 1995. 242 were evaluated for inherited predisposition to breast and ovarian cancer. One-third had clear-cut evidence of familial background. 74 families were of Ashkenazi origin; the age range of breast cancer was 30-35, of ovarian cancer 40-45. In 80% of families other cancers were also noted in first degree family members, including lung, colon, and prostate cancer and leukemia.

        Genetic testing revealed that 45% of affected and 25% of unaffected women were carriers of a mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA2: 67/90 185delAG (BRCA1), 12/90 6174delT (BRCA2), and 4/90 of 5382insC (BRCA1). In addition, a novel mutation in exon 11 of BRCA1 was detected, carried by 7/90 women. The experience gained in oncogenetic counseling and genetic testing for inherited cancer predisposition will eventually enable determining an optimal, rational therapeutic regimen in carriers of mutations.

        רני גולדמן, גיורא קפלן, רחל גורביץ וויטה בראל

        Drowning in Israel: 1990-1992

         

        R. Goldman, G. Kaplan, R. Gurvich, V. Barell

         

        Pediatric Division, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer; and Health Services Research Unit, Israel Ministry of Health

         

        There are no epidemiolostudies of drowning in Israel in the scientific literature, despite prominent reports in the media. We analthe extent of mortality from drowning in Israel during 1990-92, attempting to identify and characterize groups at high risk, and to determine trends and differences between Israel and other countries. Computerized death certificate files were provided by the Israel government Central Bureau of Statistics; deaths from drowning were included among external causes codes E-830, 832, E-910, E-954, E-964, E-984.

        In Israel, as in the United States, mortality from drowning is the fourth cause of death among all unintentional causes, and the second cause in age-groups 1-24, ranking after transport accidents. During 1990-92 there were 1.2 drownings a year/100,000 population. The highest rates were found among young non-Jews 15-24 years old (7.8/100,000) and among elderly Jews (3.5/100,000). Unintentional drowning accounted for 89% of all deaths; while about 10% were defined as suicides. Males had a rate almost 3 times greater than females, and the among Arabs was 2.4 times greater than among Jews. The 1990-92 drowning rate was slightly lower than in previous years.

        Drowning rates in Israel are lower than in the United States, except in the elderly. Apparently the principal reason for this difference is difference in sites of drowning. In Israel most drownings occur in the sea, so site data are unavailable for international comparisons. Careful consideration of the categories (E-codes) included in the rates, and of local registration procedures, is necessary for international comparisons.

        Foreign workers, tourists and other nonresidents are not included in national vital statistics. But estimations based on Ministry of Interior sources show that foreign workers (most, recent arrivals) during the last few years are an extremely high risk group. Population-based drowning rates are not an accurate estimation of drowning risk, since universal exposure to the "opportunity to drown" is assumed.

        יפה שיף וטלי לרמן-שגיא

        Ketogenic Diet for Intractable Epilepsy in Adults

                   

        Yaffa Schiff, Tally Lerman-Sagie

         

        Nutrition and Diet Unit, Tel Aviv Medical Center; and Pediatric Neurology Unit, Wolfson Medical Center, Holon; and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        The ketogenic diet is an accepted alternative for children with intractable generalized or multi-focal seizures not amenable to surgery. It is not commonly used in adults because of the impression that the diet is less effective after childhood, when it is more difficult both to achieve ketosis and to change dietary habits. We present a 20-year-old man with intractable epilepsy since early childhood who is being treated with great success by a medium-chain triglyceride ketogenic diet. It has not only controlled the seizures but has also improved quality of life. We recommend a therapeutic trial of the ketogenic diet in intractable epilepsy for all ages.

        דורון מרקוביץ, מיכאל רוזנבאום, יצחק רוזנר ואלי רוטנשטרייך

        Chemical Synovectomy in Arthritis by Intra-Articular Injection of Osmic Acid

         

        D. Markovits, M. Rozenbaum, I. Rosner, E. Rottenstriech

         

        Dept. of Medicine A, Carmel Hospital; Rheumatology Unit, Bnai Zion Hospital; and Zevulun Medical Clinic, Haifa

         

        18 patients suffering from persistent synovitis despite medical therapy were treated with an intra-articular injection of osmic acid. After 1 year of follow-up, 68% had good results and there were no complications nor detectable radiographic evidence of disease progression. Because osmic acid is almost as effective as surgical synovectomy and is cheap and easy to administer, it can be recommended as the first choice for treatment of corticosteroid-resistant arthritis in the early stages of the disease.

        ישראל פריאל, רמה כץ וערן דולב

        Acute Hyperparathyroidism Caused by Hemorrhage into a Parathyroid Adenoma

         

        I.E. Priel, Rama Katz, E. Dolev

         

        Depts. of Medicine E and Radiology, Wolfson Medical Center, Holon and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Acute hyperparathyroidism is a rare and dangerous condition. It is supposed to result from transformation of a mild chronic form into an acute and stormy illness. The causes and the mechanism of such a transformation are usually unknown. A case of acute hyperparathyroidism is presented in which hemorrhage into a parathyroid adenoma was recognized and diagnosed as the immediate cause of the transformation from the mild long-standing form of the disease into the severe acute form.

        גריגורי-צבי יזרעאלב

        Delirium Tremens in Israel

         

        G.-Z. Ezrielev

         

        Mental Health Center, Beer Sheba

         

        We discuss pathogenetic aspects (biochemical, pharmacological) of delirium tremens (DT) in accordance with the acute clinical processes, the development of psychosis, and preventive treatment used in the various stages. A typical patient, a 33-year-old man, and the difficulties in diagnosis and treatment are presented and conclusions from the dangerous behavior of the patient are drawn.

        נ' בר-נתן, ז' שפירא, ע' שהרבני, א' יוסים, י' בן ארי, ט' שינפלד, א' זהבי, ר' שפירא, ג' דינרי, ז' בן ארי, ר' טור כספא וא' מור

        Living-Related Liver Transplantation

         

        N. Bar-Nathan, Z. Shapira, E. Shaharabani, A. Yussim, Y. Ben-Ari, T. Sheinfeld, I. Zehavi, R. Shapira, G. Dinari, Z. Ben-Ari, R. Tur-Kaspa, E. Mor

         

        Dept. of Transplantation and Liver Institute, Rabin Medical Center (Beilinson Campus), and Pediatric Intensive Care and Pediatric Gastroenterology Units, Schneider Children's Medical Center, Petah Tikva

         

        Our experience with living-related liver transplantation is described. In 2 boys and 1 girl, aged 4-4.5 years with acute, fulminating hepatitis A, the presence of very severe jaundice (bilirubin levels > 18 mg%) associated with severe coagulopathy (INR>10) and encephalopathy indicated the need for urgent liver transplantation. In all 3 cases the left lateral hepatic segment of a matched blood type parent was transplanted. None of the donors suffered a serious complication postoperatively and all returned to full activity in 6-16 weeks. The post-transplantation course was uneventful in 1 child, but in the other 2 there was hepatic arterial thrombosis in 1 at 1 day and in the other at 8 days post-transplantation. Early detection of arterial thrombosis by Doppler sonography permitted salvage of the 2 hepatic grafts after thrombectomy and re-anastomosis. In 1 of these 2 children an anastomotic biliary stricture was found 2 months after transplantation. It was corrected at surgery and a percutaneous stent was inserted. All 3 children are alive with normal graft function at 2, 7 and 8 months post-transplantation, respectively. This initial experience indicates that living-related liver transplantation is feasible in Israel. The technique might help to solve our severe organ shortage for children awaiting liver transplantation.

        מרץ 1998
        י' קלוגר, ב' שגיא, י' חמו, ע' רביד, י' פז וי' קלאוזנר

        Chylothorax following Penetrating Injury

         

        Y. Kluger, B. Sagie, Y. Chemo, A. Ravid, Y. Paz, J. Klausner

         

        Dept. of Surgery, Rabin Trauma Center and Sourasky-Tel Aviv Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv

         

        We describe a 19-year-old man with 9 stab wounds of the chest. Initial evaluation revealed paraplegia at the D-10 level and bilateral hemothorax. 2 days after admission right-sided chylothorax was diagnosed. Fasting and total parenteral nutrition resulted in complete clearance. Chylothorax can cause major metabolic consequences, but prompt treatment results in full recovery.

        קלאודיו קריסטל, יפתח שמש, יוסף מישעל ואברהם בורבין

        Cardiac Failure following Sting of Yellow Scorpion in an Adult

         

        C. Kristal, I.Y. Shemesh, Y. Mishal, A. Bourvin

         

        Intensive Care Unit, Dept. of Anesthesia and Medical Dept., Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon

         

        3 men, aged 18, 29, and 47 had severe cardiovascular disturbances following the sting of the yellow scorpion (Leiurus quinquestriatus hebraeus), which is considered the most dangerous scorpion in Israel. Cardiovascular complications are common in children after scorpion sting, but are rare in adults. Pulmonary edema developed in 1 of those being reported and hypertension and arrhythmias in the other 2. Severe deterioration in left ventricle function was confirmed by echocardiographic measurement of diminished ejection fraction. All patients recovered completely. This is the first report of severe cardiac involvement in adults following scorpion sting. We therefor recommend that even adults who develop cardiac symptoms after scorpion sting, particularly those with chronic cardiac disease, be monitored and treated in an intensive care unit.

        ישי לוי, ערן פסטר, גרטרוד דנקנר, עמי בן אמוץ וגרלד ברוק

        Effect of Alpha-Alpha Esterol on Plasma Cholesterol and Antioxidants

         

        Y. Levy, E. Paster, G. Dankner, A. Ben-Amotz, J.G. Brook

         

        Lipid Research Unit, Medical Dept. D, Rambam Medical Center; Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion; and Israel National Oceanographic Research Institute, Haifa

         

        16 patients with hypercholesterolemia were treated with an extract of alpha-alpha leaves (esterol) while on a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet. Esterol is believed to inhibit the absorption of cholesterol and bile acids and may interfere with the absorption of essential nutrients. As oxidative modification of lipoproteins is required for the process of atherosclerosis, plasma antioxidant vitamins were followed. After 4 months of treatment, plasma cholesterol decreased by 10% from 282 to 250 mg/dl (p<0.001) and LDL cholesterol by 13%, from 203 to 177 mg/dl (p<0.001). Plasma antioxidant vitamins E, A and β-carotene were unchanged. Thus, esterol has a cholesterol-lowering effect but apparently does not lower fat-soluble, plasma antioxidant vitamins. Both cholesterol-lowering and plasma antioxidant vitamins are important for the primary prevention of coronary artery disease in hypercholesterolemia.

        א' כרמל, ה' עמיטל, י' שמר וא' שחר

        Clinical Characteristics of those who Leave the Emergency Room Against Advice

         

        A. Carmel, H. Amital, Y. Shemer, A. Sahar

         

        Emergency Dept. and Dept. of Medicine B, Gertner Institute for Medical Service Research, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        The object of this study was to characterize those who leave the emergency department agmedical advice and to examine the short-term consequences. The study was conducted retrospectively 1992 and prospectively during May-August 1993 by telephone interviews. About 0.5% of all the patients who applied to the emergency department left against medical advice. Their main characteristic was that they were mostly young, single men. A wide range of complaints had brought them to the emergency department, very similar to that of the control group, but with a higher tendency to abuse drugs and alcohol. Most of those who left against medical advice had less severe disease than the controls. However 10% of them had to be hospitalized within the subsequent 2 weeks, in comparison with 4% of the controls. This study suggests that improving the efficiency of the emergency department will decrease the number leaving against advice.

        חנה באור, ישראל פוטסמן ונאורה פיק

        Intradermal Hepatitis B Vaccination in Those Not Responsive to Intra-Muscular Vaccination

         

        Hanna Bauer, Israel Potasman, Neora Pick

         

        Infectious Disease Unit, Bnai Zion Medical Center and Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa

         

        Health care workers are at continuous risk of hepatitis B infection. Currently recommended intramuscular vaccination confers immunity in only 85-90%. We examined the immunogenicity and safety of intradermal vaccination of hepatitis B vaccine in nonresponders. 400 hospital employees who had been immunized as recommended were screened for anti-HBs antibodies and 50 were found seronegative. Each received an intramuscular booster injection and antibody level was measured a month later. Excluded were 33 employees, including 24 late responders, 2 HbsAg carriers and 7 uncooperative employees. 17 employees (mean age 47.1 yrs) then received a series of 3 intradermal injections of Energix B, 0.25 ml in the forearm, 2-3 weeks apart. The mean number of previous intramuscular injections was 4.6±1.4 month later there was a mean titer of 315.4±347.0 miu/ml of antibody in 16/17 workers. Side effects were minimal. Intradermal injection of hepatitis B vaccine for nonresponders seems effective for inducing seroconversion. Its cost-effectiveness for the health care system warrants assessment.

        יוסף רוזנמן, חיים לוטן, הישאם נסאר ומרוין ש' גוטסמן

        Percutaneous Revascularization of the Left Main Coronary Artery as Coronary Artery Bypass in High Surgical Risks

         

        Yoseph Rozenman, Chaim Lotan, Hisham Nassar, Mervyn S. Gotsman

         

        Cardiology Dept., Hadassah-University Hospital (Ein Kerem) and Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem

         

        Coronary artery bypass grafting is the treatment of choice for obstructive disease of the left main coronary artery. Its proximal location and easy accessibility make the left main artery an inviting target for percutaneous intervention, an approach contraindicated by the high associated risk. We describe 2 patients at high operative risk in whom the obstructed main coronary artery was successfully revascularized percutaneously. Coronary stenting and rotational ablation of calcified arteries are essential for successful outcome and minimize complications.

        יעקב גורביץ, יוסי פז, מנחם מצא, אמיר קרמר, דימיטרי פבני, אורן לב-רן, חיים לוקר ורפאל מור

        Skeletonized Internal Mammary Arteries for Coronary Bypass Grafting

         

        Jacob Gurevitch, Yosef Paz, Menachem Matsa, Amir Kramer, Dimitri Pevni, Oren Lev-Ran, H. Locker, Raphael Mohr

         

        Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Sourasky-Tel Aviv Medical Center

         

        The skeletonized internal mammary artery (IMA) is longer, and its immediate spontaneous blood flow is greater than that of the pedicled IMA, thus providing increased versatility for complete, arterial myocardial revascularization without the use of saphenous vein grafts. From April 1996 to May 1997, 583 patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting here and in 415 (71%) complete arterial revascularization was achieved using bilateral skeletonized IMA. The right gastroepiploic artery was used in 57 (13%); there were 329 males (79%) and 86 women (21%); average age was 64 (30-87) and 175 (36%) were older than 70; 131 (32%) were diabetics. Average number of grafts was 3.2 (range 2-6 grafts). At 30 days, 5 (1.2%) had died and there had been 6 perioperative infarcts (1.4%), 5 CVA's (1.2%), and 6 had sternal wound infections (1.4%). Up to 1-12 months of follow-up was achieved in 409 (99%). Late mortality was 1.4% (of which 3 were noncardiac). 394 (97%) were angina-free at latest follow-up. We conclude that arterial revascularization using bilateral skeletonized IMA is safe, as postoperative morbidity and mortality are low, even in old and diabetic patients.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303