• כרטיס רופא
  • אתרי הר"י
  • צרו קשר
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  • עברית (HE)
  • מה תרצו למצוא?

        תוצאת חיפוש

        מאי 1997
        דוד ב' ויס, שושנה גוטשלק-סבג, אלחנן בר-און, צבי צוקרמן, יגאל גת ובנימין ברטוב

        Seminiferous Tubule Cytological Pattern in Infertile, Azoospermic Men in Diagnosis and Therapy

         

        David B. Weiss, Shoshana Gottschalk-Sabag, Elchanan Bar-On, Zvi Zukerman, Yigal Gat, Benjamin Bartoov

         

        Male Infertility and Cytology Units, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem; Andrology Unit, Rabin Medical Center (Beilinson Campus), Petah Tikva and Male Infertility Laboratory, Dept. of Life Sciences, Bar-Illan University, Ramat Gan

         

        We determined spermatogenic patterns of seminiferous tubules in azoospermic infertile men and evaluated the prevalence of bilateral testicular homogeneity. 185 azoospermic men underwent bilateral testicular fine-needle aspiration (TFNA) in which each testis was punctured at 3 different positions. Aspirated material was stained and classified according to the most mature spermatogenic cell type present or whether only Sertoli cells were present. 35.7% had spermatozoa in their testes, 36.2% had spermatogenic maturation arrest, and 28.1% had only Sertoli cells in their seminiferous tubules. In 15.6% of all patients, the diagnosis in 1 testis differed from that in the other. In only 73.2% of those with testicular spermatozoa was it bilateral. In the remaining 26.9%, only Sertoli cells, spermatocytes or spermatids were found as the most mature cell type in the other testis. The study definitely indicates that fertilization with retrieved testicular spermatozoa should not be offered to azoospermic patients without prior evaluation of the seminiferous tubue spermatogenic pattern in both testes.

        ר' דורסט ופ' רבאודנגו-רושקה

        Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Facilitating Alcohol and Drug Abuse in an Adult

         

        R. Durst, P. Rebaudengo-Rosca

         

        Talbieh Mental Health Center, Jerusalem (Affiliated with the Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School)

         

        Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been considered a mental and behavioral disorder of childhood and adolescence. It is being increasingly recognized in adults, who may have psychiatric co-morbidity with secondary depression, or a tendency to drug and alcohol abuse. We describe a 32-year-old woman known for years as suffering from borderline personality disorder and drug dependence (including hasshish, marijuana, LSD and "exstasy'") and alcohol abuse that did not respond to treatment. Only when correctly diagnosed as ADHD and appropriately treated with the psychotropic stimulant, methylphenidate (Ritalin), was there significant improvement. She succeeded academically, which had not been possible previously, the craving for drugs diminished and a drug-free state was reached. Although administration of psychostimulants to drug abusers is controversial, as they are addictive, in cases of ADHD they have promoted drug abstinence.

        א' שחר, ר' שרון, מ' לורבר וש' פולק

        Angioedema Caused by Splenectomy with Malignant Lymphoma Foll-Owed by Multiple Myeloma 7 Years Later

         

        A. Shahar, R. Sharon, M. Lorber, S. Pollack

         

        Institute of Allergy, Clinical Immunology and AIDS and Institute of Hematology, Rambam Medical Center and B. Rappaport Technion- Faculty of Medicine, Haifa

         

        Acquired C1-inhibitor (C1-INH) deficiency has been reported in patients with immunoglobulin abnormalities and lymphoproliferative disorders, and angioedema has appeared simultaneously with the lymphoproliferative disease. We present a 50-year-old woman with acquired C1-INH deficiency and angioedema which preceded by 7 years the diagnosis of malignant mantle cell lymphoma. During the interval she was treated with Danazole and there were no attacks of angioedema. When routine follow-up bone marrow aspiration revealed infiltration of nonspecified lymphoma cells, exploratory laparotomy and splenectomy were performed. A month later Danazol was stopped, C1-INH levels returned to normal and there were no attacks of angioedema. Mantle cell lymphoma consisting of lymphocytes with cytoplasmic IgM-lambda was diagnosed in the excised spleen but chemotherapy was not initiated. 6 months later, a second lymphoproliferative disorder, multiple myeloma IgA kappa, was diagnosed.

        מרדכי קליגמן, בני ברנפלד ומשה רופמן

        Recurrent Chronic Multifocal Bone Infection

         

        Mordechai Kligman, Benny Bernfeld, Moshe Roffman

         

        Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery, Carmel Medical Center, Haifa

         

        We present a 9-year-old girl who had chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis. The bones involved were: right clavicle, distal fibula (bilateral), left sacroiliac and right wrist. After 10 years of follow-up, she is asymptomatic but presents radiological evidence of lesions in the right clavicle and left sacroiliac joint. The diagnosis was made by exclusion criteria. The biopsy and results of cultures from various bones were negative 4 times. Although chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis is rare, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of acute or chronic osteomyelitis and neoplasms. Its recognition avoids unnecessary laboratory tests and antibiotic therapy.

        איתן מור, דן שמואלי, זיו בן-ארי, נתן בר-נתן, עזרא שהרבני, אלכסנדר יוסים, בוריס דורפמן, רן טור-כספא וזכי שפירא

        Liver Allografts from Donors older than 60: Benefits and Risks

         

        Eytan Mor, Dan Shmueli, Ziv Ben-Ari, Nathan Bar-Nathan, Ezra Sharabani, Alexander Yussim, Boris Dorfman, Ran Tur-Kaspa, Zaki Shapira

         

        Transplantation Dept. and Institute of Liver Diseases, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Campus; and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        With limited organ resources and an increasing number of candidates for liver transplantation, the world-wide trend is towards using liver allografts from donors older than 60 years. This strategy, however, may be hazardous because of the known correlation between advanced donor age and graft dysfunction. Since January 1996, each of 5 patients received a liver allograft from a donor older than 60 years. Preservation time in these cases was shortened as much as possible and liver allografts were used only if there were no other potential risk factors for primary nonfunction. Mean cold ischemic time was significantly shorter in this donor group (7.8 hrs) than for livers from 28 younger donors (10.2 hour; p<0.01). 3 of the 5 grafts from older donors had normal function immediately. The other 2 initially had biochemical features of preservation injury, but graft function returned to normal within the first week after transplantation. All 5 patients currently have normal graft function, with follow-up ranging from 3-8 months. There was no difference between the 5 recipients of grafts from older donors and 28 adult recipients of grafts from younger donors in extent of preservation injury and in immediate graft function. We conclude that in countries with limited organ resources, such as Israel, liver allografts from older donors can be used within defined limits and minimal preservation time.

        רון בן-אברהם, מיכאל שטיין, יורם קלוגר, אמיר בלומנפלד, אברהם ריבקינד ויהושע שמר

        ATLS Course in Emergency Medicine for Physicians?

         

        Ron Ben-Abraham, Michael Stein, Yoram Kluger, Amir Blumenfeld, Avraham Rivkind, Joshua Shemer

         

        Medical Corps, Israel Defense Forces; and Trauma Units of Sourasky Medical Center and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, and of Hadassah Hospital, Jerusalem

         

        Implementation of Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) skills among practicing physicians and its perceived utility in their civilian practices, as well as in their potential army combat assignments, was evaluated. 177 physicians in various subspecialties, who were graduates of ATLS training courses, answered a specially designed telephone questionnaire. An unexpectedly high percentage of physicians (47%) had used their ATLS training when called to treat trauma victims. 67% of physicians stressed the contribution of the ATLS course to enhancing their skills. We believe that a properly designed ATLS course for general practitioners would be very beneficial for trauma victims.

        אפריל 1997
        אורה שובמן, יעקב ג'ורג' ויהודה שינפלד

        Ischemic Hepatitis in Congestive Heart Failure after an Episode of Hypotension

         

        Ora Shovman, Jacob George, Yehuda Shoenfeld

         

        Dept. of Medicine B and Autoimmune Disease Clinic Research Unit, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Ischemic hepatitis can occur as an acute episode in advanced congestive heart failure (CHF). The mechanism is massive necrosis of the central lobules resulting from acute hypoxia when low cardiac output further reduces oxygen supply, aggravating underlying congestion due to poor venous outflow. We describe a 70-year-old woman with congestive heart failure for 7 years who was admitted with jaundice, vomiting, abdominal pain and oliguria after an episode of hypotension. The diagnosis of ischemic hepatitis was established by a documented episode of severe hypotension, followed by elevation of serum transaminases, a rise in serum bilirubin and LDH levels, prolonged prothrombin time and acute renal failure. Other causes of acute hepatitis, such as a virus or drugs were excluded, and improved liver and renal function followed hemodynamic stabilization. We conclude that ischemic hepatitis should be considered whenever acute hepatitis follows a recent episode of systemic hypotension, especially in the context of concomitant CHF.

        דורה סגל-דופרשמיט, אורנה דלי-גוטפריד ואנטוני לודר

        Water Intoxication following Desmopressin Overdose

         

        D. Segal-Kuperschmit, O. Dali-Gotfrid, A. Luder

         

        Pediatric Dept., Rebecca Sieff Hospital, Safed

         

        Water intoxication is a serious condition which may be caused by desmopressin overdose, with reversible or irreversible neurological complications. In the past, desmopressin was used in endocrinological centers for the treatment of anti-diuretic hormone deficiency (central diabetes insipidus). Indications for hormone treatment have since widened, especially as an effective solution for nocturnal enuresis. It is now often prescribed in community clinics, and its use has been encouraged by extensive promotion. We describe a 15-year-old boy with primary nocturnal enuresis who started treatment with desmopressin 1 year prior to admission. He was allowed to use the drug without supervision, and drank excessively. The result was water intoxication which required admission for intensive care because of loss of consciousness and convulsions for 36 hours.

        יצחק אשכנזי ויהושע שמר

        Smoking Habits of Young Israeli Soldiers

         

        I. Askenazi, J. Shemer

         

        Medical Corps, Israel Defense Forces, and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        A random sample of 32,166 soldiers were interviewed (on their day of discharge from the Israeli Defence Forces, between 1980-1995) with regard to smoking habits. Among men, prevalence of current smoking was 46.8%, and among women 32.9%. Over the study period, prevalence in men decreased 27%. Among women, prevalence decreased from 1981 to 1991, but since then it has steadily increased. Among men, mean number of cigarettes smoked decreased from 21.6 in 1989 to 16.6 in 1995. Among women cigarettes smoked decreased from a mean of 14.3 in 1989 to 13.1 in 1995. 65.9% of the men and 49.3% of the women had started smoking by the age of 18. Among men the age distribution of smoking changed hardly at all over the years of the study. However, the proportion of women who began to smoke in the youngest age bracket (15 years of younger) doubled over the course of the study.

        משה סלעי, אלינור גושן, תומס טישלר, רוני וויצן, שרה אפטר, אלכס גרניאק ומרינה פרלמן

        Multidisciplinary Approach to the Treatment of Musculo-Skeletal Tumors

         

        M. Salai, E. Goshen, T. Tishler, R. Weitzen, S. Apter, A. Garniek, M. Feldman

         

        Depts. of Orthopedic Surgery, Nuclear Medicine, Oncology, Imaging Radiology and Pathology, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer

         

        Tumors of the musculoskeletal system are relatively rare. They occur mostly in the young, while in older age groups metastases and myeloma are more prevalent. Treatment has undergone major change in the past 20 years with the introduction of neoadjuvant treatment protocols. According to recent reports 5-year survival rates have increased from 20% to 60-70%. These new protocols involve the use of modern imaging modalities, immunohistochemical pathological analysis and improved surgical technics. This has required establishment of multidisciplinary teams of experts to escort the patient through all the steps of current treatment.

        מוני בניפלא, דרורה פרייזר, צבי ויצמן, עמליה לוי ורון דגן

        Epidemiologic Characteristics of Pediatric Emergency Room Referral and Hospitalization for Diarrhea in the Negev

         

        Moni Benifla, Drora Fraser, Zvi Weizman, Amalia Levy, Ron Dagan

         

        Dept. of Epidemiology and Health Services Evaluation and S. Daniel International Center for Health and Nutrition, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, and Pediatric Dept. and Pediatric Infectious Disease Unit, Soroka Medical Center and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

         

        Diarrheal diseases weigh heavily on the health of children, especially in developing countries, but also impose burdens on health care services worldwide. This study was performed to determine whether patterns of referrals in the Negev to the pediatric emergency room (PER) for diarrhea differ between the Jewish and Bedouin populations of the Negev, and the extent of the burden imposed on the PER and in-hospital services in the Negev. Characteristics of referrals and hospitalizations were examined from March 1994 to February 1995. Of the 27,834 referrals to the PER for children under 16, 2518 (9%) had diarrhea and there were 5,169 hospital admissions, 701 (13.6%). The annual rates of referral were 146 per 10,000 in Jews and 225 in Bedouin, giving an odds ratio (OR) of 1.5 (p<0.001). for Bedouin. The rates of hospitalization were 23 per 10,000 in Jews and 99 in Bedouin (OR 4.4, p<0.001). 1380 (54.8%) of the PER referrals were of infants under a year of age. For hospitalization, the annual rates were 164 per 10,000 in Jews and 756 in Bedouins (OR 4.9, p<0.001). During June to August referrals and hospitalizations for diarrhea were significantly higher, and from December to February significantly lower than during the remaining months. These differences arise from the marked seasonal pattern in the Bedouin population, whereas in the Jewish population there was no seasonal variation. Even in the 90's the burden on health services in the Negev as a result of diarrheal illness is considerable and the Bedouin population still contributes to that burden disproportionately. There is need both to reduce the gap in referrals and hospitalization between the populations, as well as to reduce the rates, using currently available means such as education, while developing new technologies, such as vaccines.

        סרג'יו מרצ'בסקי ושושנה וייס

        Characteristics of Hospitalized Alcoholics

         

        Sergio Marchevsky, Shoshana Weiss

         

        Residential Center for Alcoholics and Israel Society for the Prevention of Alcoholism, Ramat Gan

         

        The background characteristics of 1,173 alcoholics hospitalized for 3 months in this center during December 1982 to December 1994 were reviewed. Socio-demographic variables and termination-of-treatment data, are described. The profile of the typical hospitalized alcoholic was that of a Jewish, urban, married, unemployed man, born in Asia-Africa (or in Israel) who had been living for many years in Israel and had many children and a low educational level. They usually start drinking in adolescence and come to the center after more than 15 years of drinking, mainly at home and alone, and also have family relatives who drink. Implications of the data for treatment and for family physicians are presented.

        מרץ 1997
        מ' סקלייר-לוי, א' בלום, י' שרמן, ס' פילדס, י' בר-זיו וי' ליבסון

        Ct-Guided Core Needle Biopsy Of Abdominal, Pelvic And Retroperitoneal Masses

         

        M. Sklair-Levy, A.I. Bloom, Y. Sherman, S. Fields, J. Bar-Ziv, Y. Libson

         

        Depts. of Radiology and Pathology, Hadassah-University Hospital, Jerusalem

         

        CT-guided core needle biopsy of abdominal, pelvic and retroperitoneal masses is accurate and safe and can be performed on an outpatient basis. Between 1987 and 1995, 809 patients (age range 1-87 years) underwent 851 biopsies (minimal lesion diameter 1 cm). Cutting needles were always used, facilitating both cytological and histological diagnosis while minimizing risk of complications. A positive result (malignant, inflammatory or infectious) was obtained in 69% of the 809 and a negative result (normal tissue) in 17.4%, while in 13.6%, material for diagnosis was insufficient. Biopsy was repeated in 42 of them in whom radiological or clinical suspicion of malignancy was high. In 24 (60%) a positive result was obtained after the second biopsy.

         

        Significant complications occurred in 7 (0.8%). 1 hemo-rrhaged following liver biopsy and required blood transfusion. Pancreatitis occurred in 6 (2.6%) following pancreatic biopsy. An intra-abdominal fluid collection in 1 necessitated percutaneous drainage. There was no mortality following the procedure and no documented case of needle-tract seeding of tumor. All outpatients were discharged within 3 hours of completion of the biopsy, without ill effects.

        קוסטה י' מומצ'וגלו, מרדכי ליפו, אינה יופה-אוספינסקי, ג'קלין מילר ורחל גלון

        Maggot Therapy for Gangrene and Osteomyelitis

         

        K.Y. Mumcuoglu, M. Lipo, I. Ioffe-Uspensky, J. Miller, R. Galun

         

        Dept. of Parasitology, Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem

         

        5 patients with diabetic-foot were treated by maggot therapy. The most serious case was in a 75-year-old man who had gangrene and osteomyelitis of the right foot. Proteus mirabilis, Enterococcus sp., Providencia stuartii and Staphylococcus spec. (coagulase positive) were isolated from lesions which did not respond to antibiotic therapy. The patient had twice refused amputation but agreed to maggot therapy. Larvae of the sheep blowfly Phoenicia (Lucilia) sericata were used for twice-weekly treatment over a period of 7 months. Sterile larvae were applied to the wound and replaced every 3-4 days. After 4 months of treatment, the necrotic tissue around the toes and on the sole of the foot detached from the healthy tissue. During the last 3 months of treatment the larvae removed the remaining infected tissue. As therapy progressed, new layers of healthy tissue covered the wound. The offensive odor associated with the necrotic tissue and the intense pain in the foot decreased significantly. At the end of therapy, during which there were no complaints of discomfort, he was able to walk. In the 4 other patients who had relatively superficial gangrene, the maggots debrided the wounds within 2-4 weeks. Thereafter treatment was continued with antibiotics. Maggot therapy can be recommended in cases of intractable gangrene and osteomyelitis, when treatment with antibiotics and surgical debridement have failed.

        דוד הנדל וגד ולן

        Recurrent Late Hemarthrosis after Total Knee Replacement

         

        David Hendel, Gad J. Velan

         

        Dept. of Orthopedics, Rabin Medical Center, Golda Campus, Petah Tikva

         

        A patient who had a successful total knee replacement for severe degenerative osteoarthritis of the right knee had an excellent functional result. 2 years after the operation there was spontaneous intra-articular bleeding that was treated successfully conservatively. Recurrent hemarthrosis 2 months later was treated similarly and also resolved without residual functional impairment after a follow-up of over 1 year. Recurrent late hemarthrosis in the knee is a fairly rare complication following total knee arthroplasty, but is amenable to conservative measures. Frequently, persistent recurrent hemarthrosis requires debridement of the bleeding synovium of the knee.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303