Pediatric Flexible Bronchoscopy
Haim Bibi, David Shoseyov, Michael Armoni, Melly Ohali, Shlomo Pollak, Menachem Schlesinger
Pediatric Dept., Pediatric Emergency Room, Pediatric Day Care Hospital and Immunology and Clinical Allergy Unit, Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon; and Bikur Holim Hospital, Jerusalem (Affiliated with the Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev)
Between 1993-1996, 200 pediatric flexible bronchoscopies were performed. Indications were: chronic cough (158 children), persistent pulmonary infiltrates (89), recurrent stridor (28), suspected tracheobronchial foreign body (20), suspected tuberculosis (17) and hemoptysis (3). Some children had more than 1 indication. 124 patients were boys (mean 4.18+2.86 years; range 1 month-15 years) and 76 were girls (mean 4.39+2.7 years; range 4 months-15 years). The procedure included direct vision recorded by video-camera and broncho-alveolar lavage; the lavage fluid was sent for culture, Gram and Ziehl-Nielsen stains and for cytology. There were a few minor side effects: mild stridor which resolved within a few hours (10 children) and transient fever (3). This simple, flexible instrument was effective and helpful in the diagnosis and treatment of children with respiratory symptoms in a secondary hospital facility.