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        תוצאת חיפוש

        אוקטובר 1997
        י' פיקל, י' גלפנד וב' מילר

        Occupational Accidents and Eye Injuries

         

        Joseph Pikkel, Yuval Gelfand, Benjamin Miller

         

        Ophthalmology Dept., Rambam Medical Center and Technion Faculty of Medicine, Haifa

         

        To determine the prevalence of occupation-related eye injuries, we analyzed the records of 24,632 patients treated at our emergency surgical department over a 3-year period. Occupational accidents accounted for 17.6% of such cases. A third of them (1374 patients) were referred to the ophthalmic emergency room for further examination. In 89% (1223) of these, at least 1 pathological ocular finding was detected, and 8.3% (114) of them were hospitalized. Penetrating eye injuries were found in 5.2%(72). The commonest eye injury was corneal foreign body found in 42.8%.

        מיכל מימון-גרינולד, יוג'ין לייבוביץ, נמרוד מימון, נחמה פלד ורון דגן

        Gram-Negative Enteric Bacteremia in Children in the Negev

         

        Michal Maimon-Greenwald, Eugene Leibovitz, Nimrod Maimon, Nechama Peled, Ron Dagan

         

        Pediatric Infectious Disease Unit and Clinical Microbiology Laboratory, Soroka Medical Center and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        During 1989-1994, there were 322 episodes of Gram-negative enteric bacteremia in 308 children. The incidence increased from 31/100,000 in children younger than 15 years of age during 1989-1991, to 50/100,000 during 1992-1994. The most common pathogens were Klebsiella, E. Coli, Salmonella and Enterobacter. 39% of episodes were nosocomial and a significant increase was recorded for each species during the last 3 years of the study. Klebsiella represented the most common pathogen causing nosocomial bacteremia, while E. coli and Salmonella were the main pathogens causing community-acquired bacteremia. In this study in southern Israel, the incidence of Gram-negative enteric bacteremia was significantly higher in Bedouin children, with the exception of bacteremia due to Salmonella, which occurred mainly in Jewish children.

        אורה שובמן, יעקב ג'ורג' ויהודה שינפלד

        Q Fever Endocarditis and Bicuspid Aortic Valve

         

        Ora Shovman, Jacob George, Yehuda Shoenfeld

         

        Medial Dept. B and Autoimmune Disease Research Unit, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Q fever is caused by the rickettsia Coxiella burnetti, an obligate intracellular bacterium acquired by inhalation of infected dust from subclinically infected animals. Q fever may be acute or chronic; the chronic form mostly presents as endocarditis. Immunocompromised states and underlying heart disease are the most important risk factors. Usually the symptoms of Q fever endocarditis are nonspecific and diagnosis is often established very late. New criteria for diagnosis include a single blood culture positive for Coxiella burnetti, positive Q fever serology and characteristic echocardiographic studies. We describe a 49-year-old man with bicuspid aortic valve admitted with fever, weight loss and a new heart murmur. The diagnosis of Q fever endocarditis was established by positive Q fever serology, and an echocardiogram showing vegetations and valvular dysfunction. This case suggests that Q fever endocarditis should be considered in patients with "sterile" endocarditis.

        שי חנניה ויוסף הורוביץ

        Gradenigo Syndrome and Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis, in Fusobacterial Acute Otitis Media

         

        S. Hananya, Y. Horowitz

         

        Pediatrics Dept., Central Hospital of the Emek, Afula

         

        In this era of antimicrobial medication, intracranial complications following otitis media are rare. We present a 5-year-old boy who suffered from petrositis (Gradenigo syndrome) and cavernous sinus thrombosis as combined complications of acute otitis media caused by fusobacteria. The diagnosis was made using imaging methods suited to the various structures of the skull. Cure was achieved by prolonged conservative treatment with antibiotics, with gallium scan for evaluation of the bone inflammation.

        ספטמבר 1997
        ירון שפירא, רפאל הירש, רות יורטנר, משה ניל"י, ברנרדו וידנה, אליק שגיא

        Prosthetic Heart Valve Thrombosis: A 3-Year Experience

         

        Yaron Shapira, Rafael Hirsch, Ruth Jortner, Moshe Nili, Bernardo Vidne, Alex Sagie

         

        Sheingarten Echocardiography Unit and Cardiology Dept., Rabin Medical Center (Beilinson Campus), Petah Tikva and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        A series of 12 patients with 16 episodes of prosthetic heart-valve thrombosis over 3 years is presented. Most episodes affected mitral or tricuspid bileaflet prostheses. All patients were inadequately anticoagulated at the time of thrombosis. The clinical presentation was acute and severe in 6 patients, and subacute or chronic in the rest. Physical examination was suggestive of stuck valves in most cases. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed increased transvalvular gradients in most. However, clearer evidence of valve thrombosis was obtained from transesophageal echocardiography or fluoroscopy. 9 patients eventually had their valves re-replaced successfully, and the preoperative diagnosis was confirmed in all. 5 patients were operated as soon as the diagnosis was established, and an additional 4 were operated after failure of anticoagulation. In 4 patients the valve leaflets became completely mobile after a course of thrombolysis. Prosthetic valve thrombosis is a severe and potentially fatal complication in patients with mechanical heart valves. Alertness of physicians at all levels- the general practitioner, the internist and the cardiologist- to the possibility of valve thrombosis and to its clinical presentation may lead to prompt and earlier diagnosis and to comprehensive therapy.

        עודד זמיר, מרים בן הרוש, דן צרור והרברט ר' פרוינד

        Thoracoscopic Biopsy of Pulmonary Lesions in Nonpulmonary Malignancy following Chemotherapy

         

        Oded Zamir, Myriam Weyl Ben-Arush, Dan Seror, Herbert R. Freund

         

        Surgical Dept., Hadassah-University Hospital, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem and Miri Shitrit Pediatric Hematology and Oncology Unit, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa

         

        The appearance of focal pulmonary lesions in a patient with a nonpulmonary malignancy is worrisome. Apart from metastasis, the differential diagnosis includes benign conditions such as infectious and granulomatous diseases, enlarged lymph nodes, atelectasis, radiation pneumonitis, and bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia (BOOP). CT-guided needle biopsy is not always diagnostic and may not be feasible in very small lesions. Since open lung biopsy is associated with considerable morbidity, many physicians tend to postpone tissue diagnosis for a few weeks and perform a biopsy only if repeat chest CT scans show increase in size or number of the lesions. This approach may lead to undesirable delay of appropriate treatment. We report video-assisted thoracoscopic lung biopsy in 7 patients with nonpulmonary malignancy who developed lung lesions following chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. Histological examination proved metastatic lesions in only 2. There were no operative complications and recovery was rapid and smooth in all patients. Thoracoscopic lung biopsy is an effective, minimally invasive diagnostic tool that obviates the need for thoracotomy in these patients.

        ד' גוטליב, מ' קפניס, א' סיסטר, נ' לפקין, ו' מדבדב וש' בריל

        Hospitalization of the Elderly for Stroke Rehabilitation

         

        D. Gottlieb, M. Kipnis, E. Sister, N. Lipkin, M. Medvedev, S. Brill

         

        Stroke Rehabilitation Unit, Neurogeriatric Dept., Beit Rivka Geriatric Hospital, Petah Tikva

         

        This is a descriptive, longitudinal study of 400 elderly patients admitted for stroke rehabilitation to a geriatric department dedicated to this purpose. We present the demographic, medical, and impairment and disability characteristics on admission, and the outcome of rehabilitation. Mean stay was 54 days and 2/3 became independent and returned home. Functional score on admission was the best predictor of outcome, but age and social support were also significant.

        סווטלנה ברזובסקי וארנולד רוזין

        Should Physical Restraints be used in an Acute Geriatric Ward?

         

        Svetlana Barazovski, Arnold Rosin

         

        Geriatric Dept., Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem

         

        A prospective study was carried out in an acute geriatric ward to determine the incidence of the use of physical restraints, the reasons for using them and the consequences. Over a period of 8 months an independent observer documented all cases in which a restraint was used and followed them until it was removed. A questionnaire was submitted to the nurses as to why they applied the restraints. 16% of patients had some form of restraint applied, in 2/3 of them for up to half of their stay in the ward. In over 90% of those restrained, functional (Barthel) and cognitive (mini-mental) scores were between 0-5. In unrestrained patients, the functional score was 0-5 in 79% and the cognitive score 0-5 in 72%. The main reason for applying restraints, usually sheets or body binders, was to prevent the patient from falling out of, or slipping from chairs, rather than to stop them from rising out of them. Other important reasons, which overlapped, were to prevent the patient from interfering with nasogastric tubes, catheters, and IV cannulas, each in 1/3 of the group. Restraints were discarded when deterioration did not allow the patient to sit out of bed, to decrease agitation, to allow enteral or parenteral treatment, and in 12%, when there was supervision by the family. Of 33 families interviewed, none opposed application of restraints, and most left the decision to the responsible ward staff. We conclude that restraints cannot be avoided in some acutely ill, old patients with severe physical and mental dysfunction. However, ways should be sought to minimize their use, as recommended in the literature, by demanding from the staff a specific reason, signed agreement of a physician, close follow-up, and favorable environmental conditions such as suitable chairs, occupational activity, and staff cooperation in removing the restraints.

        דן צרור, עודד זמיר, רפאל יודסין, עמוס פרומן, תניר אלוייס והרברט ר' פרוינד

        Nissen Fundoplication by Laparoscopy

         

        Dan Seror, Oded Zamir, Raphael Udassin, Amos Vromen, Tanir M. Allweis, Herbert R. Freund

         

        Depts. of Surgery and Pediatric Surgery, Hadassah-University Hospital, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem

         

        Short term results following laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication were evaluated in 31 patients with symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux. 6 were females and 26 males, and they ranged in age from 5 months to 64 years (mean: 4.9 years in 19 younger than 18 years, and 39.3 years in 12 adults). Most of the adults who complained of pain and heartburn underwent pH monitoring, endoscopy, and manometry as needed. Milk scan was the most useful diagnostic tool for the evaluation of the children, who suffered mainly from gastroesophageal-related pulmonary disease. Indications for laparoscopic operation were identical with those for conventional open Nissen fundoplication. 1 case of dysautonomia died postoperatively; the rate of complications, mostly minor, was 22.5%. 3 patients required conversion to open Nissen fundoplication due to cardiorespiratory instability secondary to pneumothorax in 2, and to esophageal perforation in the third. 5 adults developed temporary dysphagia. 3 children had only partial improvement in their pulmonary disease following the operation, while the other 15 had complete relief. The total time for the laparoscopic operation averaged 245 minutes in adults, and 228 in children. Discharge was usually on the fourth postoperative day in adults (mean: 6.0 days). Regurgitation and heartburn were cured in 10 out of 11 adults (91%). All parents of children were satisfied. Symptomatic outcomes following laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication compare favorably with those of open surgery with respect to mortality, complications, and outcome.

        א' רקייר, ג' סוירי, מ' פיינסוד

        An Achondroplastic Dwarf with Paraplegia

         

        A. Rakier, G. Sviri, M. Feinsod

         

        Dept. of Neurosurgery, Rambam (Maimonides) Medical Center, Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa

         

        A 30-year-old female achondroplastic dwarf developed a progressive gait disturbance erroneously attributed to her hydrocephalus and deformities of both legs. Her condition deteriorated into flaccid paraplegia with anal and urinary incontinence. CT revealed extreme spinal stenosis typical in achondroplasia (shallow vertebbody, short pedicles, and hypertrophy of intervertebral joints) together with disc protrusions. Wide laminectomy of the lumbar vertebrae resulted in complete amelioration of all the neurological deficits. Progressive paraplegia is a rare complication of achondroplasia; its early recognition and surgical treatment is very rewarding.

        יצחק (צחי) בן-ציון, קירה לוין ואשר שיבר

        Capgras' Syndrome

         

        I. Z. Ben-Zion, K. Levine, A. Shiber

         

        Psychiatry Dept., Soroka Medical Center and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        We present 3 cases of Capgras' syndrome- a delusional disorder in which the patient believes that 1 (or more) of his acquaintances has been replaced by an imposter who appears as a double. 2 were schizophrenics and 1 had depression with psychotic features. This syndrome is rare in our practice, but we do not know if this is due to lack of awareness of the condition, or to the possibility that it is a culture-related syndrome. We suggest that although the syndrome has lost some of it's significance, it is still worth making the diagnosis because of the medical and psychological implications this condition carries.

        עצמון צור וראדי שאהין

        Suprascapular Nerve Entrapment in a Basketball Player

         

        Atzmon Tsur, Radi Shahin

         

        Rehabilitation Unit and Dept. of Neurology, Western Galilee Hospital, Nahariya

         

        A basketball player was shown to have a suprascapular nerve lesion without any history of shoulder girdle trauma. This acute neuropathy, never previously described in basketball players, is a result of repeated micro-trauma, due to nerve traction over the coracoid notch during violent movement ("dunking" most probably). Clinically, he was unable to abduct his arm and had some difficulty in external rotation. He developed atrophy in both the supra- and the infraspinatus muscles. Nerve conduction latency to the supraspinatus muscle was 8.0 ms, and to the infraspinatus, 8.5 ms. The compound muscle action potential registered in the supraspinatus was 1.224 mV, and in the infraspinatus, 1.237 mV. After 3 weeks of inactivity, recovery was spontaneous and practically complete.

        שושנה וייס

        Urgent Need for Prevention of Alcohol Drinking among Arab Youth

         

        Shoshana Weiss

         

        Dept. of Prevention, Israel Society for the Prevention of Alcoholism

         

        A study was conducted in the winter of 1996 among 2,220 Arab adolescents in northern Israel. This fourth study among Arab youth dealt with frequency of drinking and amounts of alcohol drunk during a drinking bout. Among Christian, Druze and Moslem males there were 81.72%, 49.61% and 31.93%, respectively, who drank. The figures for females were 36.75%, 11.25% and 12.78%. About 4% of Moslem males drank 5 drinks or more consecutively, daily or every 2-3 days. The need for preventive efforts in the Arab sector is stressed.

        אוגוסט 1997
        יאיר בר-אל, משה קליאן, יוסי מר, הילה קנובלר, יעקב לרנר וחיים קנובלר

        The Homeless and the Health System: Profile of the Homeless Patient

         

        J. Posen, N. Tanai, S. Spiro, D. Frumer

         

        Social Work Dept., Ichilov Hospital, Tel Aviv and Faculty of Social Work, Tel Aviv University

         

        The homeless population is mobile and does not use ambulatory health care services. Thus the major contact between the homeless and the medical establishment occurs primarily when they are treated for acute symptoms in hospital. We describe the clinical and sociodemographic profile of the homeless who require hospital services. The research population included 50 homeless treated in the emergency room and various departments of our medical center between October 1994 and August 1995. Social workers used a questionnaire relating to clinical, sociodemographic and social factors. Most patients were men, 76% under the age of 50. The most common diagnosis was alcoholism; other diagnoses included back, limb and joint injuries, infections, skin diseases, and general exhaustion. There were subgroups with differing needs within this homeless population for which appropriate rehabilitation programs are proposed.

        ג'וליה ברדה, דינו ברנשטיין, שגית ארבל-אלון, חיים זכות ויוסף מנצ'ר

        Gynecologic Problems of the Lower Genital Tract in Children and Young Adolescents

         

        Giulia Barda, Dino Bernstein, Sagit Arbel-Alon, Haim Zakut, Joseph Menczer

         

        Dept of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Edith Wolfson Medical Center, Holon and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Hospital records of 46 girls under the age of 17 years, hospitalized for lower genital tract problems in 1986-95 were reviewed. The most common conditions were results of unintentional injuries (43.5%), imperforate hymen (28.2%) and infections (19.6%). The median age for unintentional injuries was significantly lower than for other conditions (7.0 vs 11.4; p<0.001). Most injuries were external and occurred during outdoor activities. Mean volume of estimated bloody fluid drained in those with imperforate hymen was greater when the diagnosis was made after the age of 12 (783 vs 433; not significant). It has been suggested that hematocolpos and hematometra should be prevented, but the possible unfavorable sequelae have not been documented. The relative order of frequency of the various diagnostic groupings and the diagnoses of labial adhesions and imperforate hymen are specific for the age of the study group.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303