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        תוצאת חיפוש

        פברואר 1998
        חיים בן עמי ויהודה עדות

        Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria


        Haim Ben-Ami, Yehuda Edoute


        Medical Dept. C, Rambam Medical Center and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa


        Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare, acquired disorder of blood cells which originate from an abnormal hematopoietic stem cell. The condition is characterized by nocturnal hemoglobinuria, chronic hemolytic anemia, and thrombosis. We describe a 60-year-old woman with PNH admitted with abdominal pain and jaundice, who had dark urine on arising after a night's sleep. The diagnosis was established by the typical clinical story and a positive Ham test. She was successfully treated with Halotestin and folic acid. Although PNH is rare, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of hemolytic anemia. Early diagnosis and treatment are important.

        רון בן אברהם, נח ליברמן, צבי רם, סילביה קלמפנר ועזריאל פרל

        Propofol Anesthesia for Craniotomy in Patients who are Awake


        Ron Ben Abraham, Noah Lieberman, Zvi Ram, Sylvia Klempner, Azriel Perel


        Depts. of Anesthesia and Intensive Care and of Neurosurgery, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


        During craniotomy, the patient's cooperation is needed during procedures in which continuous neurological examination and mapping of crucial regions close to the area to be resected area are required. We report our experience in 9 patients who underwent such procedures under intravenous propofol as the main sedating agent. This short-acting hypnotic was administered prior to and during the painful stages of the procedure. Patients were fully asleep when the skull was opened and the dural flap raised or excised. During the rest of the operation patients were lightly sedated but remained responsive and cooperative. This enabled precise intra-operative mapping of the brain and surgery-related neurological deficits were avoided. Respiratory depression or hemodynamic compromise were not encountered. All patients were comfortable during the operation and there were no additional neurological deficits after operation. We believe that propofol should be the main sedating agent used for these procedures.

        יורם מנחם, צבי ויצמן, חיים לוקר ושמואל אודס

        Clinical Characteristics of Crohn's Disease in Children and Adults


        Yoram Menachem, Zvi Weizman, Chaim Locker, Shmuel Odes


        Gastroenterological Institute and Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition Unit, Soroka Medical Center and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba


        There are few reports contrasting the clinical characteristics of Crohn's disease in different age groups. We therefore compared retrospectively children and adults with Crohn's disease. 23 children (mean age: 12.8±2.5 years) and 66 adults (mean age: 27.0±4.0 years) were studied. Presenting symptoms of abdominal pain and diarrhea were significantly more common in adults, while in children anorexia and weight loss were more frequent. Children tended to present with extra-gastrointestinal tract symptoms as well, mainly anemia and joint involvement. Common symptoms during active disease did not differ between groups, except that weight loss, evident in all children, was found in only 70% of adults. Anemia was present during active disease in all pediatric cases but in only 62% of adults. There were no significant differences between groups regarding disease location, gastrointestinal complications and extra-intestinal manifestations. We conclude that in children Crohn's disease may differ significantly, mainly presenting with nonclassical symptoms, such as anemia and joint involvement. The primary care physician should be aware of these differences.

        אברהם זינרייך, בוריס גוחשטיין, אלכסנדר גרינשפון, מרים מירון, יהודית רוזנמן ויששכר בן-דב

        Recurrent Tuberculosis in a Psychiatric Hospital


        A. Zeenreich, B. Gochstein, A. Grinshpoon, M. Miron, J. Rosenman, I. Ben-Dov


        Pulmonary and Radiology Institutes, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Tel Aviv University; Israel Ministry of Health; and Gan Meged Hospital


        During 1987-1996, 39 of 720 patients hospitalized (most for severe schizophrenia) were diagnosed as having active pulmonary tuberculosis (5.4%, 975 per 105 per year). In 1992-1993, after a cluster of 5 cases was found, all patients were screened by PPD skin test and chest X-ray and 16 more cases were identified. Diagnosis was confirmed bacteriologically in only 10 of them but there were typical radiological findings in the others. 39 were treated with a multi-drug regimen. In addition, 333 exposed patients and 21% who had converted their skin tests were given isoniazid preventive therapy. A small increase in levels of liver enzymes was common, but significant abnormality (over 4 times the upper limit of normal) was found in only 7 patients, in whom therapy was therefor stopped or changed. During a follow-up period of 4 years, 2 more developed tuberculosis and 33 converted their PPD reactivity status. We conclude that an outbreak of tuberculosis in a psychiatric hospital can be controlled with a relatively low rate of side-effects by using systematic diagnostic and therapeutic measures. However, single step screening is not sufficient. Routine screening of all new patients, a high index of suspicion and contact investigation are needed.

        איריס שי, שמעון ויצמן ויצחק לוי

        Effects of Vertical Banded Gastroplasty on Weight, Quality of Life and Nutrition


        Iris Shai, Shimon Weitzman, Izhak Levy


        Depts. of Epidemiology and Surgery, Soroka Medical Center and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba


        We examined the long term results of vertical banded gastroplasty 3-10 years after operation. They were assessed by weight lost, incidence and severity of untoward effects and improvement in diet and in quality of life in 75 of 122 who had had the operation. Average weight lost was 28.5±14.9 kg (p<0.001) in 5 years and 58.6±30.4% of excess weight, which brought patients to within 32±25.2% of ideal weight. According to these measures, in 63-76% the operation had been successful in causing weight loss. The 2 criteria for successful weight loss were loss of more than 50% of weight in excess of ideal body weight and residual body weight less than 50% greater than ideal body weight. There was a greater risk of failure in unmarried subjects older than 45 (odds ratio for not losing weight was 6; in those weighing more than 120 kg it was 9). We saw evidence of this mostly 4 years after operation (odds ratio 11). The degree of success in weight loss was correlated with texture of food (softness) preferred and length of operation. Of those interviewed, only 65% were satisfied with their results. The greatest improvement in quality of life measurements was in physical activity, perception of health, and frequency of feeling depressed. Side-effects were vomiting, reflux and fatigue. Only 34.7% were able to digest solid foods, so that subjects are at risk for nutritional deficiencies.

        * Based on MS thesis in epidemiology of Iris Shai.

        אילון לחמן וצבי פינלט

        Experience with Under-Water Birth


        Eylon Lachman, Zvi Finelt


        Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yoseftal Hospital, Eilat


        Underwater birth is now deemed an acceptable type of delivery. Safety is a recurring consideration, the main concern being that of drowning. But in reports of 19,000 underwater births no untoward events were noted. Also, need for pain relief and of intervention during labor were both reduced. The short term indicators of neonatal outcome were good. A recent review explains 5 different physiological factors which inhibit initiation of fetal breathing under warm water. Many studies have shown no increase in risk of infection of either mother or baby. We report our experience with 26 women, 23 of whom actually delivered in the pool with excellent results. We believe that birth under water is safe and beneficial if done properly for low-risk patients.

        ינואר 1998
        ג'ורג' חביב וראמז אבו אחמד

        Six Cases of Acute Rheumatic Fever in One Year


        George Habib, Ramiz Abu-Ahmad


        Rheumatology Clinic and Dept. of Medicine, Nazareth Hospital; and Medical Dept. B, Carmel Medical Center, Haifa


        During 1995, 6 cases of acute rheumatic fever were diagnosed here. Taking into account differences in total admissions, this appears to represent an increase over 1994. Most of the cases were males, with average age at diagnosis 19.5 years. All were of low socioeconomic status. 50% had cardiac involvement, and 1 needed treatment with corticosteroids. Most had pharyngeal symptoms prior to the acute attack, and 1 patient had 2 prior episodes of rheumatic fever. A thorough epidemiological study should be done in the Nazareth area to assess the real incidence of acute rheumatic fever, and to determine whether there is a true increase in incidence.

        משה סלעי, אייל סגל, יהודה עמית ואהרן צ'צ'יק

        Closed Intramedullary Nailing of Forearm Fractures in Young Patients


        Moshe Salai, Eyal Segal, Yehuda Amit, Aharon Chechick


        Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer


        Forearm bone fractures are commonly the result of falling on the outstretched hand or of direct injury. The preferred treatment is debated. The possible modalities are: application of a cast, often necessitating repeated manipulations; open reposition and fixation by plates and screws; or closed manipulation and closed intramedullary nailing. We present our favorable results in treating these fractures in young patients by closed intramedullary nailing, and compare them with the unfavorable results of this method in mature adults.

        עובדיה דגן, עינת בירק, יעקב כץ וברנרדו וידנה

        First Year's Experience of the Post, Operative Cardiac Care Unit, Schneider Children's Medical Center


        O. Dagan, E. Birk, J. Katz, B. Vidne

        Cardiothoracic Pediatric Service, Schneider Children's Medical Center, Petah Tikva


        In the past 10 years there has been a growing preference for early, complete correction of congenital heart disease. The first year of operation of this cardiac unit is described. 216 operations were performed: 15% in the neonatal age group and 35% in the newborn to l-year-old groups; 2% were palliative procedures. Mortality was 4.9%. Average stay in the ICU was 3.2  days, with a median of 2.25. Average length of ventilation was 35 hours, with a median of 17.5. Complications were: diaphragm paralysis in 13 (6%), 2/3 of which were recurrent operations; in 2 patients (0.9%) we had to plicate the diaphragm. There was severe neurological damage in 2, which deteriorated to brain death in 1. There was peripheral, reversible neurological damage in 4 (1.8%), and acute renal failure in 3%, with half of them requiring dialysis. 75% of these children died and there was superficial infection in 4.1%, deep wound infection in 1.3%, bacteremia in 4.1%, superior vena cava syndrome in 3 (1.3%) and chylothorax in 2 of them (0.9%). 1 patient (0.45%) required a ventricle-peritoneal shunt after acute viral meningitis. We are encouraged by our results to offer early complete correction to all children with congenital heart disease.

        דוד ב' ויס, שושנה גוטשלק-סבג, אלחנן בר-און וצבי צוקרמן

        Are Testes in Oligo/Azoospermia Homogenous or Heterogenous?


        David B. Weiss, Shoshana Gottschalk-Sabag, Elchanan Bar-On, Zvi Zukerman


        Kupat Cholim Meuhedet, Jerusalem; Male Infertility and Cytology Units, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem; and Andrology Unit, Rabin (Beilinson) Medical Center, Petah Tikva


        We determined whether a single testicular specimen is sufficient to represent qualitatively the spermatogenic process within the testes of azoospermic or severely oligospermic infertile men. In 191 testes of azoospermic patients and in 26 of those with severe oligospermia, fine needle aspirations at 3 different sites of each testis were performed. Aspirated material from each puncture was stained and in each smear all spermatogenic cells, as well as Sertoli cells, were identified. Testes were classified according to the most mature spermatogenic cell type present, or the presence of only Sertoli cells. The homogeneity of the testicular spermatogenic process was then evaluated. There was an overall intratesticular difference between aspirates in 14.1% of azoospermic testes and in 26.9% of severely oligospermic testes with regard to the most mature spermatogenic cell type. When spermatozoa were the most mature cell type, they were detected in all of the 3 aspirates in 71.4% of the testes. In 18.4% or 10.2% of this group of testes they were retrieved in only 1 or 2 of the aspirates, respectively. In testes in which spermatids or spermatocytes were the most mature spermatogenic stage, these cell types were detected in all 3 aspirates in only 36.4% and 68.0%, respectively. In azoospermic patients with full testicular spermatogenesis, the likelihood of retrieving spermatozoa from the testes was 84.3%, 92.7% and 100% in 1, 2 and 3 specimens, respectively. The following conclusions were drawn: There is a wide range of testicular heterogeneity in azoospermia or very severe oligospermia for diagnosing the testicular spermatogenic pattern. In azoospermia, specimens from several testicular sites are required. It is strongly recommended that no assisted fertilization be offered to azoospermic patients unless prior evaluation of the spermatogenic pattern in the seminiferous tubules is determined.

        שמואל אריעד, אלכסנדר רבינוביץ, אילנה ינאי-עינבר ובנימין פיורה

        Mixed Uterine Mesodermal Tumors: Clinical and Pathological Characteristics


        Samuel Ariad, Alexander Rabinovitz, Ilana Yanai-Inbar, Benjamin Piura


        Depts. of Oncology and of Pathology, and Gynecology-Oncology Unit, Soroka Medical Center and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba


        During 1971-1996, 17 patients with mixed mesodermal uterine tumors were treated. Average age at diagnosis was 67.3 years, 12/17 were of European and 5/17 of Afro-Asian extraction. The overall 5-year survival was 21%. 10/17 patients had mixed mesodermal tumors with a heterologous mesenchy-mal element, and 7/17 had a homologous mesenchymal element (carcinosarcoma). 6/17 had another primary malignancy, including breast cancer (3/17), bilateral metachronous breast tumor (2/17), and malignant lymphoma of the neck region (2/17). All 3 with breast cancer had previously been treated with tamoxifen. 1 had simultaneous mesodermal tumor and ovarian thecoma. Simultaneous autoimmune manifestations occurred in 2/17, including thrombocytopenic purpura in 1, and myasthenia gravis in another. Mesodermal tumor of the uterus is a relatively rare malignancy with aggressive behavior and poor prognosis. It also had unusual associations with other primary tumors, hormonal treatment, and autoimmune manifestations.

        אפרים תבורי וסוזן סרד

        Accessibility of Information and Informed Consent: Experiences of Breast Cancer Patients


        Ephraim Tabory, Susan Sered


        Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan


        We studied the social and cultural frameworks that impact on breast cancer patients in the medical system. The subjects were 98 Jewish women who had undergone mastectomy or lumpectomy for cancer 6 months to 3 years prior to the interview. They emanated from a variety of socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds, and reflected the age range of women with breast cancer in the general Jewish population of Israel. Patients were asked about each stage of the medical process they had experienced: diagnosis, surgery, oncological care, and follow-up care. The interview revealed a general perception of having received insufficient information regarding their medical condition and treatment. The problem tended to be most severe during the diagnostic stage, when women had not yet been officially included as patients within the system. The problem was relatively severe during follow-up care, when they often did not have an address for their questions. Few women received a schedule of follow-up care that allowed them to carry on with the many necessary tests in an orderly and comprehensive manner. Most important, systematic absence of informed consent also characterized the decision-making process regarding surgery and oncological treatment. Few women felt they had been informed about treatment options, side-effects, or long-term implications of the treatment offered. We found no indication of inequitable medical treatment that would suggest a manifest pattern of discrimination, but we did find some social variables related to a feeling of insufficient personal care and information. In particular, older women said they received less attention, support, and information from the medical staff relative to the younger women.

        רויטל גרוס, חוה טבנקין, שולי ברמלי ופסח שורצמן

        Patients' Opinions of the Role of Primary Care Physicians and the Organization of Health Care Services


        Revital Gross, Hava Tabenkin, Shuli Bramli, Pesach Schvartzman


        JDC-Brookdale Institute, Jerusalem; Dept. of Family Medicine, HaEmek Hospital, Afula; Kupat Holim Clalit, Northern District; Institute for Specialization, Ben-Gurion University, Northern Branch; and Dept. of Family Medicine, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev and Kupat Holim Clalit, Beer Sheba


        Patients' opinions of the role of the primary care physician were studied. The study population consisted of Hebrew-speaking members of the Clalit Sick Fund, aged 18+, who visited primary care and specialty clinics. Interviews took place during January-March 1995 in the Emek and Jerusalem, and during August-October 1995 in Beer Sheba. A total of 2,734 interviews were conducted, and the response rate was 88%. 64% of the respondents preferred the primary care physician as the first address for most problems occurring during the day. Multivariate analysis revealed that the variables predicting this preference were: being over age 45, having completed less than 12 years of schooling, being satisfied with the physician, and when a child's illness was involved. Whether the physician was a specialist had only a marginal effect. The findings also show that among those who did go directly to a specialist for the current visit, 49% would still prefer the primary care physician to be the first address for most problems. However, half of the respondents initiated the current visit to the specialty clinic themselves. The findings also showed that a preference for the primary care physician to be the first address had an independent and statistically significant effect on the following aspects of service consumption: taking the initiative to go to a specialist, the intention to return to the primary care physician or to the specialist for continuing care, and the patient's belief that referral to a specialist was needed. The findings of the study may be of assistance to policy-makers on the national level and to sick funds in planning the role of the primary care physician, so that it corresponds, on the one hand, to the needs of the sick funds and the economic constraints in the health system, and on the other, to the preferences of the patient.

        מאג'ד עודה ואריה אוליבן

        Verapamil-Associated Liver Injury


        Majed Odeh, Arie Oliven


        Medical Dept. B, Bnai-Zion Medical Center and Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa


        Hepatotoxicity due to verapamil is very rare and to the best of our knowledge only 10 cases have been reported. A 54-year-old woman developed cholestatic liver injury and pruritus following treatment with sustained-release verapamil (240 mg/day) for arterial hypertension. The pruritus and all hepatic biochemical abnormalities completely resolved after withdrawal of the drug. Similar to previously reported cases, the pathogenic mechanism of verapamil-associated liver injury in our patient was, most probably, idiosyncratic. These cases emphasize the need for awareness of the possibility that verapamil may occasionally induce liver injury, sometimes severe and potentially fatal.

        לודויג פודושין, אלכסנדר ברודסקי, מילו פרדיס, יעקב בן-דוד, יוסף לרבוני ויצחק סרוגו

        Local Treatment of Purulent Chronic Otitis Media with Ciprofloxacin


        Ludwig Podoshin, Alexander Brodzki, Milo Fradis, Jacob Ben-David, Josef Larboni, Isaac Srugo


        Dept. of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Microbiology Unit and Dept. of Pharmacology, Bnai-Zion Medical Center, and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa


        We evaluated the efficacy of ciprofloxacin eardrops compared to tobramycin and to a placebo in the treatment of chronic suppurative otitis media. 60 ears were randomly assigned to treatment for 3 weeks with ciprofloxacin, tobramycin or placebo eardrops. The organism most commonly isolated from the ear discharge was Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The clinical responses were 78.9% and 72.2%, respectively, in the ciprofloxacin and tobramycin groups, while it was only 41.2% in the placebo group. Treatment with ciprofloxacin eardrops seemed to be at least as efficient as treatment with tobramycin. Considering the lack of ototoxicity of ciprofloxacin, this treatment may be best for chronic otitis media.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
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