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        תוצאת חיפוש

        מרץ 1997
        י' קלוגר, ר' חדאד, ד' סופר, ד' אלג'ם וי' לאוזנר

        Whipple Operation in Trauma

         

        Y. Kluger, R. Hadad, D. Soffer, D. Aladgem, J.Y. Klausner

         

        Depts. of Surgery A, B, C and Trauma Service, Tel Aviv Medical Center and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Pancreato-duodenectomy is a formidable operation for the critically injured patient. We describe a patient who sustained a stab wound to the stomach and duodenum. At operation this injury could not be reconstructed. A Whipple operation was performed in which the pancreatic stump was stapled and recovery was uneventful, although there was a low output fistula from the pancreatic stump. Limited indications for the Whipple procedure in trauma patients are suggested.

        סודי נמיר ואלכסנדר לוין

        Esophageal Carcinoma Presenting as Fever of Unknown Origin

         

        Sody Naimer, Alexander Levine

         

        Depts. of Family Medicine, Beer Sheba, and Gush Katif Medical Center

         

        Fever of unknown origin presents both a clinical and diagnostic challenge and is usually caused by inflammatory and neoplastic diseases. We present a unique case of a previously healthy 77-year-old woman whose sole complaint was fever. Complete hospital investigation failed to reveal the underlying process. 4 months after the onset of fever, dysphagia appeared and she was then diagnosed as suffering fsquamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. The question of early barium swallow X-ray in such cases is raised.

        אפריים זנגרייך, סלומון ישראלוב, יוסף שמואלי, אוה ניב וצ'יריו סרודיו

        Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GNRH) in Selecting Patients for Varicocelectomy

         

        Ephraim Segenreich, Solomon Israilov, Joseph Shmueli, Eva Niv, Ciro Servadio

         

        Andrology Unit, Institute of Urology, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Campus, Petah Tikva; and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        The gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) test was performed on 182 patients with various degrees of varicocele before and after low, inguinal, spermatic vein ligation, and on 18 controls. The levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone, a synthetic GnRH (LH), were evaluated before and 45 minutes after intravenous injection of 100 mcg relisorm L. FSH levels increased more than 2-fold in 118 patients [64.8%] and LH levels increased more than 5-fold in 135 patients [74.1%]). In the control group the increase was less in all cases. Therefor, whenever FSH increased more than 2-fold and LH more than 5-fold, we considered the test positive (pathologic); On this basis the GnRH test was positive in 126 (69.2%) and negative (normal) in 56 (30.7%). Of the 126 with positive tests, only 32 (27.3%) still had a positive result 5-6 months after operation. There was correlation between a positive GnRH test and significant improvement in sperm parameters after varicocelectomy: of the 126 with positive tests before operation, sperm parameters improved in 87 patients (69%), while in the 56 patients with negative tests before operation, in only 7 (12.5%) was there improvement after correction. We conclude that a positive GnRH test indicates impairment of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis caused by varicocele and could serve as a marker for surgical intervention with good prediction of outcome.

        קליגמן, רופמן, שבר, עצם הירך, מיפרק, femoral, hip

        Femoral Fracture following Total Hip Replacement

         

        M. Kligman, M. Roffman

         

        Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery, Carmel Medical Center, Haifa

         

        Between January 1990 and May 1996 we performed 500 total hip replacements, 6 of which were complicated by ipsilateral femoral fracture. Treatment was either by skeletal traction or by internal fixation, with or without revision-total hip replacement. Results of surgical treatment were superior to those of conservative treatment. This study supports use of Mennen plate-fixation. Further studies are necessary for final evaluation of the efficacy of this method.

        דוד הנדל וגד ולן

        Recurrent Late Hemarthrosis after Total Knee Replacement

         

        David Hendel, Gad J. Velan

         

        Dept. of Orthopedics, Rabin Medical Center, Golda Campus, Petah Tikva

         

        A patient who had a successful total knee replacement for severe degenerative osteoarthritis of the right knee had an excellent functional result. 2 years after the operation there was spontaneous intra-articular bleeding that was treated successfully conservatively. Recurrent hemarthrosis 2 months later was treated similarly and also resolved without residual functional impairment after a follow-up of over 1 year. Recurrent late hemarthrosis in the knee is a fairly rare complication following total knee arthroplasty, but is amenable to conservative measures. Frequently, persistent recurrent hemarthrosis requires debridement of the bleeding synovium of the knee.

        קוסטה י' מומצ'וגלו, מרדכי ליפו, אינה יופה-אוספינסקי, ג'קלין מילר ורחל גלון

        Maggot Therapy for Gangrene and Osteomyelitis

         

        K.Y. Mumcuoglu, M. Lipo, I. Ioffe-Uspensky, J. Miller, R. Galun

         

        Dept. of Parasitology, Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem

         

        5 patients with diabetic-foot were treated by maggot therapy. The most serious case was in a 75-year-old man who had gangrene and osteomyelitis of the right foot. Proteus mirabilis, Enterococcus sp., Providencia stuartii and Staphylococcus spec. (coagulase positive) were isolated from lesions which did not respond to antibiotic therapy. The patient had twice refused amputation but agreed to maggot therapy. Larvae of the sheep blowfly Phoenicia (Lucilia) sericata were used for twice-weekly treatment over a period of 7 months. Sterile larvae were applied to the wound and replaced every 3-4 days. After 4 months of treatment, the necrotic tissue around the toes and on the sole of the foot detached from the healthy tissue. During the last 3 months of treatment the larvae removed the remaining infected tissue. As therapy progressed, new layers of healthy tissue covered the wound. The offensive odor associated with the necrotic tissue and the intense pain in the foot decreased significantly. At the end of therapy, during which there were no complaints of discomfort, he was able to walk. In the 4 other patients who had relatively superficial gangrene, the maggots debrided the wounds within 2-4 weeks. Thereafter treatment was continued with antibiotics. Maggot therapy can be recommended in cases of intractable gangrene and osteomyelitis, when treatment with antibiotics and surgical debridement have failed.

        מ' סקלייר-לוי, א' בלום, י' שרמן, ס' פילדס, י' בר-זיו וי' ליבסון

        Ct-Guided Core Needle Biopsy Of Abdominal, Pelvic And Retroperitoneal Masses

         

        M. Sklair-Levy, A.I. Bloom, Y. Sherman, S. Fields, J. Bar-Ziv, Y. Libson

         

        Depts. of Radiology and Pathology, Hadassah-University Hospital, Jerusalem

         

        CT-guided core needle biopsy of abdominal, pelvic and retroperitoneal masses is accurate and safe and can be performed on an outpatient basis. Between 1987 and 1995, 809 patients (age range 1-87 years) underwent 851 biopsies (minimal lesion diameter 1 cm). Cutting needles were always used, facilitating both cytological and histological diagnosis while minimizing risk of complications. A positive result (malignant, inflammatory or infectious) was obtained in 69% of the 809 and a negative result (normal tissue) in 17.4%, while in 13.6%, material for diagnosis was insufficient. Biopsy was repeated in 42 of them in whom radiological or clinical suspicion of malignancy was high. In 24 (60%) a positive result was obtained after the second biopsy.

         

        Significant complications occurred in 7 (0.8%). 1 hemo-rrhaged following liver biopsy and required blood transfusion. Pancreatitis occurred in 6 (2.6%) following pancreatic biopsy. An intra-abdominal fluid collection in 1 necessitated percutaneous drainage. There was no mortality following the procedure and no documented case of needle-tract seeding of tumor. All outpatients were discharged within 3 hours of completion of the biopsy, without ill effects.

        דוד אדלר, יונה מהלר ואבי ישראלי

        Cellular Phone Interference with Medical Instruments

         

        David Adler, Yona Mahler, Avi Israeli

         

        Medical Engineering Dept., and Administration, Hadassah-University Hospital, Ein Kerem, Jerusalem

         

        Cellular telephones and other telecommunication equipment occasionally cause malfunctioning of medical equipment, including life-support equipment. We review such malfunctioning and relate it to Israeli and worldwide standards, analyzing the characteristics of the interference in terms of amplitude and frequency. The results of a controlled study of interference by cellular telephones and portable 2-way radios with medical devices in our clinical departments are also presented. The levels of background environmental electromagnetic noise at several sites in both Hadassah hospitals (Ein Karem and Mount Scopus) were measured, as well as signal levels of cellular telephones and other communication equipment at various distances and in various areas. We recommend 2 different levels of restrictions on the use of this equipment within the hospital.

         

        These include prohibition of the use of wireless telecommunication equipment in intensive care areas and operating theaters. In all other areas it is recommended to turn off the cellular telephone within 1 meter of medical devices and not to transmit (but only to receive) calls with a portable 2-way radio within a 5 meter distance of medical devices.

        פברואר 1997
        חוליו וינשטיין ומדינה ידווב

        Efficacy and Safety of Acarbose Treatment of Niddm

         

        Julio Wainstein, Medinah Jedwab

         

        Dept. of Medicine C and Diabetes Unit, Wolfson Medical Center, Holon

         

        An uncontrolled multicenter study of the efficacy and safety of treatment of diabetes with acarbose was conducted on 169 NIDDM patients in 12 medical centers in Israel. Acarbose was administered for 19 weeks, and the patients were followed for an additional 12 weeks. A substantial decrease in HbA1c levels from 8.5% to 7.5% (p<0.001) and in postprandial serum glucose levels from 283.6 mg/dl to 248.5 mg/dl (p<0.01) was seen during treatment. On follow-up, HbA1c levels increased by 0.45% and postprandial serum glucose rebounded from 256.4 mg/dl to 287.9 mg/dl. Acarbose was shown to be effective in treating NIDDM and to be safe and well-tolerated.

        אשר ברק, לידיה גביס, בנימין מוגילנר ושולמית גלמן-קוהן

        "Charge" Association

         

        Asher Barak, Lidia Gabis, Biniamin Mogilner, Shulamit Gelman-Kohan

         

        Pediatric and Neonatal Depts., and Clinical Genetic Unit, Kaplan Hospital, Rehovot

         

        CHARGE association represents a group of congenital anomalies with no clear etiology. The broad array of abnormalities, which involves several systems, has been the basis for the acronym CHARGE: coloboma, heart anomaly, choanal atresia, retarded growth and development, hypoplastic genitalia and ear malformation. We present 3 children with CHARGE association to illustrate the phenotypic variability and note the multidisciplinary treatment they received. It is recommended that this entity be approached in an interdisciplinary, integrated way to allow for faster diagnosis and better prognosis.

        י' שויד, א' אנגל ומ' הלברטל

        Effectiveness of Selective Hepatic Artery Embolization in a Child after Blunt Hepatic Trauma

         

        Y. Sweed, A. Engel, M. Halberthal

         

        Depts. of Pediatric Surgery and Radiology and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Rambam Medical Center, Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa

         

        A 9-year-old boy was admitted after a bicycle fall. Abdominal CT-scan revealed severe liver injury (stage IV according to the liver injury scale of the American Association for Surgery Trauma), including ruptured intraparenchymal hematoma with active bleeding. The patient was hemodynamically stable and was treated conservatively for the first 2 days. On the 3rd day selective hepatic artery angiography was performed because of abdominal distension and the need for 7 pints of packed red blood cells. Active right hepatic artery bleeding was identified and treated successfully by embolization. We think that early angiography and selective embolization should always be considered for acute or continuous bleeding after liver injury.

        ג' סוירי, א' סהר ומ' פיינסוד

        Radiation-Induced Meningioma: The Changing Pattern of the Disease

         

        G. Sviri, A. Sahar, M. Feinsod

         

        Depts of Neurosurgery, Rambam and Sheba Medical Centers, Haifa and Tel Hashomer; and The B. Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, and the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        In this country radiation-induced meningiomas were usually associated with low-dose irradiation of the scalp of immigrants from North Africa, given as part of the treatment of tinea capitis. An Ashkenazi patient developed meningiomas 15 years after high-dose irradiation for a benign lesion in the parasellar region. The accumulating literature about high-dose radiation-induced meningiomas is reviewed and attention is drawn to the ever increasing number of meningiomas observed in immigrants from the former Soviet Union.

        רפאל נגלר, מיכה פלד ודב לאופר

        Facial Trauma: Characteristics and Therapy

         

        R. Nagler, M. Peled, D. Laufer

         

        Depts of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa

         

        This department was established 35 years ago. Since then, many patients with facial trauma, both soldiers and civilians, have been treated and extensive experience has been accumulated. From 1990 to 1995, 487 patients with facial trauma (18.6% of the patients in the department) where hospitalized and treated. 88.5% suffered from injuries which included facial bones, and the others from soft tissue injuries only. We summarize our experience, analyzing both the demographic and clinical characteristics of the injuries and the treatment administered. Based on our experience and the current literature, we present an overview of the issue.

        צבי גרינולד ויעקב כץ

        Separation of Conjoined Twins: The Anesthesiologist's Perspective

         

        Zvi Grunwald, Yacov Katz

         

        Dept. of Anesthesiology, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Campus and Schneider Children's Hospital, Petah Tikva

         

        Managing anesthesia care for separation of conjoined twins poses a special challenge for the anesthesia team. Early preparation, thorough understanding of the anatomical and the physiological consequences of this complex anomaly, as well as careful coordination with the teams of surgeons, nurses and operating room personnel are mandatory to assure successful separation of the conjoined twins. It is recommended that the mother be transferred to and the babies be delivered at a tertiary care medical center, like the Children's Hospital. Special attention is devoted during the surgical procedure to cardiovascular stability, drug disposition, fluid balance and temperature control. The multidisciplinary team approach makes this complex surgery a success. When postoperative survival cannot be guaranteed for both twins, close contact and consultation is mandated with the parents, medical personnel and religious and legal advisors.

        י' קלוגר, ד' סופר, ב' שגיא, א' אבלאי, ד' אלג'ם ומ' רבאו

        Blunt Perineal Injuries

         

        Y. Kluger, D. Soffer, B. Sagie, O. Abllay, D. Aladgem, M. Rabau

         

        Depts. of Surgery B and C and Division of Trauma and Proctology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv

         

        Blunt perineal and anal injuries are rare. We describe 2 patients who suffered injury to the perineum and anal canal due to blunt force. New surgical techniques for the reconstruction of the sphincteric mechanism are promising and should be used by the initial treating surgeon as minimal procedures in the perineal region. Anal tagging, minimal debridement, approximation of the edges of perineal laceration, repeated irrigation and loop-colostomy for fecal diversion should be the only initial surgical procedures.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303