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        תוצאת חיפוש

        דצמבר 1998
        פרי קדם-פרידריך ורינה נחמני

        Willingness to Donate Organs: Attitude Survey among Israeli Jews


        Peri Kedem-Friedrich, Rina Rachmani


        Psychology Dept., Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan and Information and Education Unit, Israel Transplant Center


        A public opinion survey of Israeli Jewish adults (September) showed a large potential willingness to donate organs after death, while only a third of the sample was opposed. Nevertheless, only a very minor proportion held donor's cards, and over half expressed opposition to holding a donor card. As to next-of-kin's organs, when the wishes of the relative were not known, a quarter of the sample opposed, a quarter agreed, and the remaining half hesitated to make a decision.


        Willingness to donate was not correlated with gender, age or income, but was related to religiosity: the more religious, the less willing to donate. And the religious reason was the salient one given for hesitation about donating, although there were many who could give no reason for their hesitation. Family members, doctors and rabbis (in ascending order) influenced willingness to consent to next-of-kin donations.

        נובמבר 1998
        י' קלוגר, י' פז, נ' גברט, ב' שגיא וא' קרמר

        Open Reduction and Internal Sternal Fracture Fixation


        Y. Kluger, Y. Paz, N. Gebart, B. Sagie, A. Kremer


        Rabin Trauma Center and Dept. of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Tel Aviv-Souraski Medical Center and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


        We describe a 63-year-old woman who sustained a sternal fracture after a motor vehicle crash. Due to persistent pain, open reduction and internal fixation of the sternal fracture were performed; recovery was uneventful.

        חגית כהן, אורי לונטל, מיכאל מטר, חנוך מיודבניק, זאב קפלן, יאיר קסוטו ומשה קוטלר

        Autonomic Dysregulation in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Power Spectral Analysis of Heart Rate Variability


        Hagit Cohen, Uri Loewenthal, Mike A. Matar, Hanoch Miodownik, Zeev Kaplan, Yair Cassuto, Moshe Kotler


        Mental Health Center, Israel Ministry of Health; Anxiety and Stress Research Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences; Dept. of Life-Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba


        Spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) has been shown to be a reliable noninvasive test for quantitative assessment of cardiovascular autonomic regulatory response, providing a dynamic map of sympathetic and parasympathetic interaction. In a prior study exploring the state of hyperarousal that characterizes the post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) syndrome, we presented standardized heart rate analyses in 9 patients at rest, which demonstrated clear-cut evidence of a baseline autonomic hyperarousal state.

        To examine the dynamics of this hyperarousal state, standardized heart rate analysis was carried out in 9 PTSD patients, compared to a matched control group of 9 normal volunteers. 20-minute ECG recordings in response to a trauma-related cue, as opposed to the resting state, were analyzed. The patients were asked to recount the presumed triggering traumatic event, and the control subjects recounted a significant stressful negative life event.

        Whereas the control subjects demonstrated significant autonomic responses to the stressogenic stimulus of recounting major stressful experiences, the patients demonstrated almost no autonomic response to the recounting of the triggering stressful event. The patients demonstrated a degree of autonomic dysregulation at rest comparable to that seen in the control subjects' reaction to the stress model.

        The lack of response to the stress model applied in the study appears to imply that PTSD patients experience so great a degree of autonomic hyperactivation at rest, that they are unable to marshal a further stress response to the recounting of the triggering trauma, as compared to control subjects. A subsequent study of the effect of medication on these parameters showed that they are normalized by use of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRI's).

        Neither the clinical implications of these findings, nor their physiological mechanisms are clear at present. We presume that they reflect a central effect, as the peripheral automatic effects of SSRI's are relatively negligible.

        ישראל דודקביץ, משה סלעי ואהרון צ'צ'יק

        Concept Management in Penetration of Unusually Shaped Foreign Bodies into Extremities


        I. Dudkiewicz, M. Salai, A. Chechik


        Orthopedic Dept., Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


        During routine emergency room work penetration by foreign objects is frequently encountered, some of which may be very irregular in shape. These may cause further damage if inappropriately removed. It is important to perform a proper X-ray survey.

        אברהם ישי ורפאל לובושיצקי

        Diagnosis of Hyperprolactinemia: Determination at Rest Rules Out Stress-Induction


        Avraham Ishay, Rafael Luboshitzky


        Endocrine Institute, HaEmek Medical Center, Afula and Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa


        We present 3 women who were referred for evaluation of stress-related mild-to-moderate hyperprolactinemia. This frequent finding may mistakenly be considered a clinical problem, and lead to inappropriate investigation and therapy. We emphasize the importance of serial blood sampling for prolactin determination. We collected blood samples repeatedly under resting conditions from an indwelling venous brachial catheter, every 30 minutes for a total of 6 samples. All 3 patients had normal prolactin levels 30-60 minutes after starting the test. Neither further investigation nor medical therapy were needed and these anxious patients were reassured that their hyperprolactinemia was factitious.

        מ' פיינסוד

        The Surgeon and the Emperor: a Humanitarian on the Battlefield


        M. Feinsod


        Dept. of Neurosurgery, Rambam (Maimonides) Medical Center; B. Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa


        The Baron Dominique-Jean Larrey, one of the greatest names in military surgery, participated as Chief Surgeon in all the Napoleonic campaigns. He developed the concept of early evacuation from the battlefield, and of immediate treatment of the wounded, even under fire. He implemented improved surgical techniques and improved wound care that were followed by surgeons all over Europe. His devotion to wounded soldiers crossed national boundaries and became a way of life. Here is an account of Larrey's involvement in the aftermath of the Battles of Lutzen and Bautzen (May-June 1813), when many soldiers were accused of self-mutilation and were about to be executed. He dared to oppose, singlehanded, the Emperor, the highest military authorities and their concurring physicians and surgeons, armed only by his undisputed honesty, professional authority and exceptional reputation won over years of devotion to wounded soldiers. Larrey saved the lives of many soldiers and set an example of unbent ethical integrity.

        יוסף משעל, חיים יוספי, אמיל חי, דליה כץ, אליסה אמבון ורוזה שניידר

        Risk of Transmission of Viral Disease by Needle Puncture in Health Care Workers


        Yosef Mishal, Chaim Yosefy, Emil Hay, Dalia Catz, Elisia Ambon, Roza Schneider


        Infectious Disease Unit, Emergency Dept. and Microbiology Lab, Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon (Affiliated with Ben-Gurion University of the Negev)


        The accidental exposure of the health care workers (HCW) to blood and blood products constitutes a danger for transmission of blood-borne pathogens and the development of severe diseases. Most attention is focused on exposure to the viruses of hepatitis B, C and human immunodeficiency. The objectives of this prospective study were to determine the rate of exposure of our HCW to blood and blood products; to define the high risk groups; and to establish recommendations to prevent transmission or reduce the risk of exposure to these viruses.

        During the year 1996, 103 injuries from needle-puncture or other sharp objects were reported to our infectious diseases control unit. Most of those injured were women. 58.4% of the events occurred in the vicinity of the patient. The source of exposure was known in 60% of the cases. 73.8% of those injured had already been immunized against hepatitis B. The departments in which most exposures occurred were the operating theater (12.5%), medical departments A (10.6%) and B (9.6%), and the emergency department (7.7%). Nurses were at highest risk, constituting 47% of those injured.


        Our recommendations are that a continuous teaching program be established for the high risk groups; that HCW be urged to report every event of exposure; and to encourage HCW to undergo active immunization against hepatitis B.

        ספטמבר 1998
        לימור גורצק-אוזן, דרורה פרייזר ורון דגן

        Epidemiology of Invasive Hemophilus Influenzae B Infections in Bedouins and Jews; Conjugate Hib Vaccines


        Limor Gortzak-Uzan*, Drora Fraser, Ron Dagan


        Pediatric Infectious Disease Unit and Dept. of Epidemiology, Soroka Medical Center and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba


        From 1989 to 1996, 139 cases of invasive Hemophilus influenzae B (Hib) infections were identified in children in the Negev, 110 of which occurred before introduction of the conjugate vaccine (1989-92). At that time there were 60.5 cases of Hib per 100,000 in the Negev among children under 5 years of age. During 1995-1996, when Hib conjugate vaccine was part of the regular immunization program, Hib decreased to 6.5 cases per 100,000 in that age group. The effectiveness of PRP-OMP vaccine was 96.5% among Jews and 89% among Bedouins, and the efficacy of the immunization program was 99.99%. This degree of success exceeded all expectations based on the literature. During the whole study period, Hib infections were more frequent among Bedouins than Jews. There was no significant difference in the occurrence of Hib among Jews in the Negev before and after the vaccine was introduced. Hib among Bedouins in the Negev was significantly more frequent than in the Israeli population as a whole before the vaccine was introduced. That gap narrowed after the vaccine was introduced because of the decrease in morbidity among the 2 groups.

        * Medical student.

        אוגוסט 1998
        סורין דניאל יורדאש, אהוד ראט, דן עטר ואלכס וינדזברג

        Vacuum Phenomenon in the Hip Joint: Diagnostic Value


        S. Iordache, E. Rath, D. Atar, A. Vindzberg


        Orthopedics Dept., Soroka Medical Center, Beer Sheba


        Vacuum phenomenon is well known in degenerative spinal disease in the elderly, but is seldom seen in other joints, especially in children. The phenomenon does not represent a pathological finding, and can be used for imaging of the articular facets, mainly in the hip and knee joints. We report a patient with this phenomenon in the hip joint.

        ס' זלבסקי, ש' וינקר, ע' פיאדה, ד' ליבון וא' קיטאי

        Background Music in the Family Physician's Surgery: Patient Reactions


        S. Zalewsky, S. Vinker, I. Fiada, D. Livon, E. Kitai


        Family Medicine Clinics and Dept. of Family Medicine, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


        Music is a universal language, and its effects on pain relief and stress reduction are well known. We evaluated patients' opinions of the effects of background music in their family doctors' surgery. Low volume, background, classical music was played in the doctors' surgery on 5 consecutive clinic days. All patients were asked to fill a short anonymous questionnaire on leaving. Among the 135 consecutive patients offered the questionnaire, there was 87.4% compliance. Among the 118 who completed the questionnaire, 95% said that the background music did not disturb them, 89% thought it made them feel better and 80% thought that it aided the doctor's performance. We conclude that low volume, background music in the doctors's surgery may contribute to better doctor-patient interaction, although larger studies are needed to confirm our findings.

        יוני 1998
        ר' אברהמי, מ' חדד, ס' וטמברג, א' שטלמן, א' קורן, ג' דהן וא' זליקובסקי

        Popliteal Vascular Trauma


        R. Avrahami, M. Haddad, B. Watemberg, E. Stelman, A. Koren, J. Dahn, A. Zelikovski


        Dept. of Vascular Surgery, Rabin Medical Center (Beilinson Campus), Petah Tikva


        6 cases of popliteal vascular trauma are presented, 3 due to posterior dislocation of the knee and 3 due to crush injury. The patients were referred from another hospital and some had undergone unnecessary angiography when ischemia was present, leading to delay in surgery. All patients presented with distal ischemia and underwent reconstructive surgery; 2 subsequently underwent below-knee amputation because of irreversible ischemia and sepsis.


        Urgent operation for popliteal vascular trauma is necessary whenever there is ischemia and intraoperative angiography may be necessary. There should be reconstruction of the artery and vein when there is concomitant venous damage, and fasciotomy and debridement are important. The harmful potential of occult popliteal vascular injuries and their ostensible mild presentation present a challengfor the emergency room surgeon.

        מאי 1998
        ד' רוזין, י' קוריאנסקי, מ' שבתאי וע' אילון

        Laparoscopic Approach to Perforated Duodenal Ulcer


        D. Rosin, Y. Kurianski, M. Shabtai, A. Ayalon


        Dept. of General Surgery and Transplantation, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


        As laparoscopy becomes more prevalent, it is being used for a growing variety of abdominal operations, both electively and as emergency treatment. We describe our preliminary experience in laparoscopic repair of perforated duodenal ulcer. 2 women and 2 men, aged 40-78 were operated over a period of 4 months and in all laparoscopic suture and omentopexy were performed with meticulous abdominal lavage. Despite somewhat longer operative time but a similar period of hospitalization, the easier post-operative course and fewer wound complications justify this technique. The effectiveness of medical treatment of peptic disease, and especially the anti-Helicobacter pylori regimen, supports the view that closure of the perforation is usually enough, and vagotomy is not needed.

        א' הלוי, א' עופר וב' גרטי

        Benign Intracranial Hypertension following Minocyclin


        A. Halevy, I. Offer, B. Garty


        Pediatric Depts. A and B, Schneider Children's Hospital, Petah Tikva and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


        A 15-year-old girl, who had been treated with minocyclin for acne for 2 months, was admitted for investigation of headache, nausea and papilledema. A space-occupying lesion was ruled out by computerized brain tomography. The diagnosis of benign intracranial pressure (pseudo-tumor cerebri) was made because of elevated cerebrospinal fluid pressure with normal biochemistry and cytology. Tetracyclines, especially minocyclin, commonly used for treating acne in adolescents, can cause benign intracranial pressure.

        רותי מרגלית-סטשפסקי, אברהם לורבר ואיל מרגלית

        Familial Occurrence of Ebstein Anomaly


        Ruti Margalit-Stashefski, Avraham Lorber, Eyal Margalit


        Family Practice Unit, Kupat Holim Klalit, Haifa, Pediatric Cardiology Unit, Rambam Hospital, Haifa and Ophthalmology Dept., Hadassah--University Hospital, Jerusalem


        Ebstein anomaly is a rare congenital disease which affects location, structure and mobility of the tricuspid valve, and right atrium and ventricle. Although most cases are sporadic, familial occurrence has been reported. We report 2 brothers born with Ebstein anomaly. The parents were first degree cousins and there were 8 other children. 2 daughters were born with other congenital heart anomalies, 1 with ventricular septal defect and the other with severe pulmonary artery stenosis. We suggest that in some families, Ebstein anomaly is an autosomal dominant disease with different expression in the sexes.

        אהוד ראט, אילן שלף, טיבריו כץ, אליעזר אבינוח, יעקב ליכטמן, עפר לוי ודן עטר

        Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infection


        E. Rath, I. Shelef, E. Avinoah, Y. Lichtman, O. Levy, D. Atar


        Depts. of Orthopedics, Diagnostic Radiology and General Surgery C, Soroka Medical Center and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba


        The dramatic course of necrotizing soft tissue infection represents a medical emergency, since it is limb - and life-threatening. Most necrotizing soft tissue infections are caused by mixed aerobic and anaerobic Gram-negative and Gram-positive organisms. Most case have been reported in immunocompromised hosts after penetrating trauma or surgery. We describe a unique series of cases of necrotizing soft tissue infection. The mainstay of treatment is early and daily debridement of devitalized tissue and broad-spectrum antibiotics. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy should be considered.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303