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        תוצאת חיפוש

        נובמבר 1998
        אברהם ישי ורפאל לובושיצקי

        Diagnosis of Hyperprolactinemia: Determination at Rest Rules Out Stress-Induction

         

        Avraham Ishay, Rafael Luboshitzky

         

        Endocrine Institute, HaEmek Medical Center, Afula and Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa

         

        We present 3 women who were referred for evaluation of stress-related mild-to-moderate hyperprolactinemia. This frequent finding may mistakenly be considered a clinical problem, and lead to inappropriate investigation and therapy. We emphasize the importance of serial blood sampling for prolactin determination. We collected blood samples repeatedly under resting conditions from an indwelling venous brachial catheter, every 30 minutes for a total of 6 samples. All 3 patients had normal prolactin levels 30-60 minutes after starting the test. Neither further investigation nor medical therapy were needed and these anxious patients were reassured that their hyperprolactinemia was factitious.

        מ' פיינסוד

        The Surgeon and the Emperor: a Humanitarian on the Battlefield

         

        M. Feinsod

         

        Dept. of Neurosurgery, Rambam (Maimonides) Medical Center; B. Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa

         

        The Baron Dominique-Jean Larrey, one of the greatest names in military surgery, participated as Chief Surgeon in all the Napoleonic campaigns. He developed the concept of early evacuation from the battlefield, and of immediate treatment of the wounded, even under fire. He implemented improved surgical techniques and improved wound care that were followed by surgeons all over Europe. His devotion to wounded soldiers crossed national boundaries and became a way of life. Here is an account of Larrey's involvement in the aftermath of the Battles of Lutzen and Bautzen (May-June 1813), when many soldiers were accused of self-mutilation and were about to be executed. He dared to oppose, singlehanded, the Emperor, the highest military authorities and their concurring physicians and surgeons, armed only by his undisputed honesty, professional authority and exceptional reputation won over years of devotion to wounded soldiers. Larrey saved the lives of many soldiers and set an example of unbent ethical integrity.

        יוסף משעל, חיים יוספי, אמיל חי, דליה כץ, אליסה אמבון ורוזה שניידר

        Risk of Transmission of Viral Disease by Needle Puncture in Health Care Workers

         

        Yosef Mishal, Chaim Yosefy, Emil Hay, Dalia Catz, Elisia Ambon, Roza Schneider

         

        Infectious Disease Unit, Emergency Dept. and Microbiology Lab, Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon (Affiliated with Ben-Gurion University of the Negev)

         

        The accidental exposure of the health care workers (HCW) to blood and blood products constitutes a danger for transmission of blood-borne pathogens and the development of severe diseases. Most attention is focused on exposure to the viruses of hepatitis B, C and human immunodeficiency. The objectives of this prospective study were to determine the rate of exposure of our HCW to blood and blood products; to define the high risk groups; and to establish recommendations to prevent transmission or reduce the risk of exposure to these viruses.

        During the year 1996, 103 injuries from needle-puncture or other sharp objects were reported to our infectious diseases control unit. Most of those injured were women. 58.4% of the events occurred in the vicinity of the patient. The source of exposure was known in 60% of the cases. 73.8% of those injured had already been immunized against hepatitis B. The departments in which most exposures occurred were the operating theater (12.5%), medical departments A (10.6%) and B (9.6%), and the emergency department (7.7%). Nurses were at highest risk, constituting 47% of those injured.

         

        Our recommendations are that a continuous teaching program be established for the high risk groups; that HCW be urged to report every event of exposure; and to encourage HCW to undergo active immunization against hepatitis B.

        ספטמבר 1998
        לימור גורצק-אוזן, דרורה פרייזר ורון דגן

        Epidemiology of Invasive Hemophilus Influenzae B Infections in Bedouins and Jews; Conjugate Hib Vaccines

         

        Limor Gortzak-Uzan*, Drora Fraser, Ron Dagan

         

        Pediatric Infectious Disease Unit and Dept. of Epidemiology, Soroka Medical Center and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        From 1989 to 1996, 139 cases of invasive Hemophilus influenzae B (Hib) infections were identified in children in the Negev, 110 of which occurred before introduction of the conjugate vaccine (1989-92). At that time there were 60.5 cases of Hib per 100,000 in the Negev among children under 5 years of age. During 1995-1996, when Hib conjugate vaccine was part of the regular immunization program, Hib decreased to 6.5 cases per 100,000 in that age group. The effectiveness of PRP-OMP vaccine was 96.5% among Jews and 89% among Bedouins, and the efficacy of the immunization program was 99.99%. This degree of success exceeded all expectations based on the literature. During the whole study period, Hib infections were more frequent among Bedouins than Jews. There was no significant difference in the occurrence of Hib among Jews in the Negev before and after the vaccine was introduced. Hib among Bedouins in the Negev was significantly more frequent than in the Israeli population as a whole before the vaccine was introduced. That gap narrowed after the vaccine was introduced because of the decrease in morbidity among the 2 groups.

        * Medical student.

        אוגוסט 1998
        סורין דניאל יורדאש, אהוד ראט, דן עטר ואלכס וינדזברג

        Vacuum Phenomenon in the Hip Joint: Diagnostic Value

         

        S. Iordache, E. Rath, D. Atar, A. Vindzberg

         

        Orthopedics Dept., Soroka Medical Center, Beer Sheba

         

        Vacuum phenomenon is well known in degenerative spinal disease in the elderly, but is seldom seen in other joints, especially in children. The phenomenon does not represent a pathological finding, and can be used for imaging of the articular facets, mainly in the hip and knee joints. We report a patient with this phenomenon in the hip joint.

        ס' זלבסקי, ש' וינקר, ע' פיאדה, ד' ליבון וא' קיטאי

        Background Music in the Family Physician's Surgery: Patient Reactions

         

        S. Zalewsky, S. Vinker, I. Fiada, D. Livon, E. Kitai

         

        Family Medicine Clinics and Dept. of Family Medicine, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Music is a universal language, and its effects on pain relief and stress reduction are well known. We evaluated patients' opinions of the effects of background music in their family doctors' surgery. Low volume, background, classical music was played in the doctors' surgery on 5 consecutive clinic days. All patients were asked to fill a short anonymous questionnaire on leaving. Among the 135 consecutive patients offered the questionnaire, there was 87.4% compliance. Among the 118 who completed the questionnaire, 95% said that the background music did not disturb them, 89% thought it made them feel better and 80% thought that it aided the doctor's performance. We conclude that low volume, background music in the doctors's surgery may contribute to better doctor-patient interaction, although larger studies are needed to confirm our findings.

        יוני 1998
        ר' אברהמי, מ' חדד, ס' וטמברג, א' שטלמן, א' קורן, ג' דהן וא' זליקובסקי

        Popliteal Vascular Trauma

         

        R. Avrahami, M. Haddad, B. Watemberg, E. Stelman, A. Koren, J. Dahn, A. Zelikovski

         

        Dept. of Vascular Surgery, Rabin Medical Center (Beilinson Campus), Petah Tikva

         

        6 cases of popliteal vascular trauma are presented, 3 due to posterior dislocation of the knee and 3 due to crush injury. The patients were referred from another hospital and some had undergone unnecessary angiography when ischemia was present, leading to delay in surgery. All patients presented with distal ischemia and underwent reconstructive surgery; 2 subsequently underwent below-knee amputation because of irreversible ischemia and sepsis.

         

        Urgent operation for popliteal vascular trauma is necessary whenever there is ischemia and intraoperative angiography may be necessary. There should be reconstruction of the artery and vein when there is concomitant venous damage, and fasciotomy and debridement are important. The harmful potential of occult popliteal vascular injuries and their ostensible mild presentation present a challengfor the emergency room surgeon.

        מאי 1998
        ד' רוזין, י' קוריאנסקי, מ' שבתאי וע' אילון

        Laparoscopic Approach to Perforated Duodenal Ulcer

         

        D. Rosin, Y. Kurianski, M. Shabtai, A. Ayalon

         

        Dept. of General Surgery and Transplantation, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        As laparoscopy becomes more prevalent, it is being used for a growing variety of abdominal operations, both electively and as emergency treatment. We describe our preliminary experience in laparoscopic repair of perforated duodenal ulcer. 2 women and 2 men, aged 40-78 were operated over a period of 4 months and in all laparoscopic suture and omentopexy were performed with meticulous abdominal lavage. Despite somewhat longer operative time but a similar period of hospitalization, the easier post-operative course and fewer wound complications justify this technique. The effectiveness of medical treatment of peptic disease, and especially the anti-Helicobacter pylori regimen, supports the view that closure of the perforation is usually enough, and vagotomy is not needed.

        א' הלוי, א' עופר וב' גרטי

        Benign Intracranial Hypertension following Minocyclin

         

        A. Halevy, I. Offer, B. Garty

         

        Pediatric Depts. A and B, Schneider Children's Hospital, Petah Tikva and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        A 15-year-old girl, who had been treated with minocyclin for acne for 2 months, was admitted for investigation of headache, nausea and papilledema. A space-occupying lesion was ruled out by computerized brain tomography. The diagnosis of benign intracranial pressure (pseudo-tumor cerebri) was made because of elevated cerebrospinal fluid pressure with normal biochemistry and cytology. Tetracyclines, especially minocyclin, commonly used for treating acne in adolescents, can cause benign intracranial pressure.

        רותי מרגלית-סטשפסקי, אברהם לורבר ואיל מרגלית

        Familial Occurrence of Ebstein Anomaly

         

        Ruti Margalit-Stashefski, Avraham Lorber, Eyal Margalit

         

        Family Practice Unit, Kupat Holim Klalit, Haifa, Pediatric Cardiology Unit, Rambam Hospital, Haifa and Ophthalmology Dept., Hadassah--University Hospital, Jerusalem

         

        Ebstein anomaly is a rare congenital disease which affects location, structure and mobility of the tricuspid valve, and right atrium and ventricle. Although most cases are sporadic, familial occurrence has been reported. We report 2 brothers born with Ebstein anomaly. The parents were first degree cousins and there were 8 other children. 2 daughters were born with other congenital heart anomalies, 1 with ventricular septal defect and the other with severe pulmonary artery stenosis. We suggest that in some families, Ebstein anomaly is an autosomal dominant disease with different expression in the sexes.

        אהוד ראט, אילן שלף, טיבריו כץ, אליעזר אבינוח, יעקב ליכטמן, עפר לוי ודן עטר

        Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infection

         

        E. Rath, I. Shelef, E. Avinoah, Y. Lichtman, O. Levy, D. Atar

         

        Depts. of Orthopedics, Diagnostic Radiology and General Surgery C, Soroka Medical Center and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        The dramatic course of necrotizing soft tissue infection represents a medical emergency, since it is limb - and life-threatening. Most necrotizing soft tissue infections are caused by mixed aerobic and anaerobic Gram-negative and Gram-positive organisms. Most case have been reported in immunocompromised hosts after penetrating trauma or surgery. We describe a unique series of cases of necrotizing soft tissue infection. The mainstay of treatment is early and daily debridement of devitalized tissue and broad-spectrum antibiotics. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy should be considered.

        צבי ויצמן, ילנה ברוטמן, דרורה לידר וחיים זגרמן

        Evaluation of a Local Infant Formula Enriched with Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids

         

        Zvi Weizman, Elena Brutman, Drora Leader, Chaim Zegerman

         

        Pediatric Gastroenterology Dept. and Nutrition Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev and Soroka Medical Center, Beer Sheba;

        and Ma'abarot Products Industry, Kibbutz Ma'abarot

         

        Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are vital for the normal development of the brain and the eye retina in infancy. Breast milk contains significant amounts of PUFA, and compensates for their low production in infancy. Only recently a few companies with worldwide product distribution have started to enrich infant formula with PUFA. We evaluated the safety and clinical efficacy of a locally made PUFA-enriched infant formula, produced for the first time in Israel.

        50 normal, full term infants participated in a prospective, randomized double-blind study. Half received a regular whey-predominant infant formula (Materna Plus), and the other half a PUFA-enriched formula (Materna Premium), both produced in Israel, for 30 days. Evaluation included physical examination, growth parameters, stool analysis, daily parental questionnaires regarding infant behavior and defecation, and developmental assessment.

        There were no significant differences on comparing growth parameters, infant behavior, attacks of restlessness, gas severity, or stool characteristics in the 2 groups. There were no side effects or abnormal stool findings in either group, and no differences in developmental assessment at 3 months of age.

        We conclude that the locally-produced PUFA-enriched infant formula is safe and clinically efficient. We assume that the lack of any effect on developmental indices is due to the relatively short exposure to the PUFA-enriched diet. Nevertheless, based on the recent literature, there is no doubt that PUFA supplementation isvital in improving infant brain and eye development.

        אפריל 1998
        גלית בן אמיתי, יורם נבו, דבורה ליברמן, רוברטו מסטר ושאול הראל

        Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome in Children

         

        G. Ben-Amitay, Y. Nevo, D. Lieberman, R. Mester, S. Harel

         

        Ness Ziona Mental Health Center, Institute for Child Development and Pediatric Neurology Unit, Tel Aviv-Sourasky Medical Center, and Tel Aviv University Medical School

         

        Cyclic vomiting syndrome in children is a manifestation of various etiologies, including gastroenterological and renal disorders, central and autonomic nervous system abnormalities, as well as metabolic and endocrine dysfunction. Frequently no organic cause is found. Personality profiles of children with cyclic vomiting reveal perfectionism, competitiveness, and aggressive behavior. Vomiting attacks have been induced by anxiety and excitement in patients with cyclic vomiting. We describe an 8-year-old girl with cyclic vomiting, frequently associated with occipital headaches, photophobia or dizziness. Psychiatric evaluation indicated a generalized anxiety disorder.

        רני גולדמן, גיורא קפלן, רחל גורביץ וויטה בראל

        Drowning in Israel: 1990-1992

         

        R. Goldman, G. Kaplan, R. Gurvich, V. Barell

         

        Pediatric Division, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer; and Health Services Research Unit, Israel Ministry of Health

         

        There are no epidemiolostudies of drowning in Israel in the scientific literature, despite prominent reports in the media. We analthe extent of mortality from drowning in Israel during 1990-92, attempting to identify and characterize groups at high risk, and to determine trends and differences between Israel and other countries. Computerized death certificate files were provided by the Israel government Central Bureau of Statistics; deaths from drowning were included among external causes codes E-830, 832, E-910, E-954, E-964, E-984.

        In Israel, as in the United States, mortality from drowning is the fourth cause of death among all unintentional causes, and the second cause in age-groups 1-24, ranking after transport accidents. During 1990-92 there were 1.2 drownings a year/100,000 population. The highest rates were found among young non-Jews 15-24 years old (7.8/100,000) and among elderly Jews (3.5/100,000). Unintentional drowning accounted for 89% of all deaths; while about 10% were defined as suicides. Males had a rate almost 3 times greater than females, and the among Arabs was 2.4 times greater than among Jews. The 1990-92 drowning rate was slightly lower than in previous years.

        Drowning rates in Israel are lower than in the United States, except in the elderly. Apparently the principal reason for this difference is difference in sites of drowning. In Israel most drownings occur in the sea, so site data are unavailable for international comparisons. Careful consideration of the categories (E-codes) included in the rates, and of local registration procedures, is necessary for international comparisons.

        Foreign workers, tourists and other nonresidents are not included in national vital statistics. But estimations based on Ministry of Interior sources show that foreign workers (most, recent arrivals) during the last few years are an extremely high risk group. Population-based drowning rates are not an accurate estimation of drowning risk, since universal exposure to the "opportunity to drown" is assumed.

        יצחק גילת וצבי גיל

        Suicidal Calls to a Telephone Emergency Service

         

        Itzchak Gilat, Zvi E. Gil

         

        ERAN (Israel Association for Emotional First Aid)

         

        Suicidal threats and suicidal ideation among callers to the Israeli hot-line (ERAN) were investigated, using 2 methods of analysis. The first, an epidemiological survey based on 8,272 calls received by all 8 ERAN posts during 2 years, reported on their standard form for recording interactions with suicidal callers. The second is content analysis of 42 detailed reports of interactions with such callers. Epidemiological analysis revealed a higher rate of suicidal ideation among callers with a psychiatric history, compared with those without a history. However, the 2 groups did not differ in rate of suicidal threats. In addition, suicidal threats of adolescents were related mainly to problems of identity and self-image, while mental disorders were the main problems among adults. Content analysis identified 2 patterns of terminating the interaction, which represent 2 strategies of intervention to prevent suicide. The first is establishing a contact between the caller and an appropriate individual in the caller's environment who undertakes responsibility to help the caller. The second strategy is reducing the caller's tension, leading to a withdrawal of the suicidal threat. The first pattern is more characteristic of interactions with psychiatric callers, while the second is more frequent among non-psychiatric callers to ERAN. The hot-line makes a unique contribution in helping those threatening suicide, which constitutes a real emergency.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
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