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  • אתרי הר"י
  • צרו קשר
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  • עברית (HE)
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        תוצאת חיפוש

        מאי 1999
        בנימין זאבי, גלית בר-מור ומיכאל ברנט

        1000 Cardiac Catheterizations in Congenital Heart Disease

         

        Benjamin Zeevi, Galit Bar-Mor, Michael Berant

         

        Cardiac Catheterization Unit, Schneider Children's Medical Center, and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Over the past 15 years, percutaneous therapeutic cardiac catheterization has become increasingly important in the treatment of congenital heart disease. We describe our experience in 1000 such catheterizations between 1993-1997. 55% were in 1-12-year-olds; only 20% were in patients younger than 1 year old and 11.3% were in adults with congenital heart defects. In about 50% it was at least a second cardiac catheterization. Overall, there were 425 therapeutic cardiac catheterizations, increasing from 33% in the first 200 procedures, to 63% in the last 200.

        We performed 30 different types of therapeutic catheterizations: 23.3% were valvular dilations, 21.4% vessel angioplasties, 36.9% closure procedures, 9.2% electrophysiological procedures, and 9.2% miscellaneous. In 31.3% of therapeutic catheterizations we used 12 new procedures. Minor complications occurred in 8.5% and major in 0.6%; most complications were successfully treated or were self-limited and there was no residual damage.

        In this report the current role of each type of major catheterization is discussed on the basis of our experience. Further development of technology for lesions not amenable to currently available transcatheter methods, and longer follow-up for current techniques will consolidate the role of therapeutic cardiac catheterization in congenital heart disease.

        אפריל 1999
        גדעון פרת, רון בן אברהם, אושרת יטיב, אמיר ורדי וזוהר ברזילי

        Intrahospital Transport of Critically Ill Children

         

        Gideon Paret, Ron Ben Abraham, Oshrat Yativ, Amir Vardi, Zohar Barzilay

         

        Dept. of Pediatric Intensive Care and of Anesthesiology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and University of Tel Aviv

         

        Prospective evaluation of intrahospittransportation of 33 critically ill children to and from the pediatric intensive care unit was conducted over the course of a month. Factors contributing to risk of transport were assessed.

        There were 33 children (25 boys and 8 girls), 3 days to 15 years of age. Reasons for admission included: disease and trauma in 19, and status post operation in 11. The pretransport PRISM score was 4.84. 22 children (66.6%) were being mechanically ventilated and 10 (30.3%) were being treated with amines. Transport time ranged from 8-150 minutes. 15 of the transports (45.4%) were urgent and a special intensive care team escorted 22 (66.6%). Equipment mishaps and physiolog-ical deterioration occured in 12 (36.3%) and 11 (30.3%) of the cases, respectively. The use of amines, mechanical ventilation, longer transport time and high PRISM score were all associated with physiological deterioration on transport.

        גד שקד ומריו גולוקובסקי

        Management of Pancreatic Trauma in Damage-Control Laparotomy

         

        Gad Shaked, Mario Golocovsky

         

        Dept. of Surgery and Trauma Service, Soroka University Hospital, Beer Sheba and Dept. of Surgery and Trauma Service, Washington Hospital Center, Washington DC

         

        Major pancreatic trauma challenges the trauma surgeon with diagnostic problems and choices of treatment modalities. The most important determinant guiding management is the integrity of the main pancreatic duct. The preoperative and intraoperative assessment and treatment of pancreatic injury may be difficult, especially when concurrent severe injuries are present. There are alternative approaches in the management of the traumatized pancreas when ductal injury is not obvious during initial exploratory laparotomy.

        דורון זמיר, חן זמיר, שמעון שטורך, מוני ליטמנוביץ' ופלטיאל ויינר

        Acute Malaria in an Israeli Tourist to Kenya

         

        Doron Zamir, Chen Zamir, Shimon Storch, Moni Litmanovich, Paltiel Weiner

         

        Dept. of Internal Medicine A, Hadera Sub-District Health Office and Nephrology Dept. and Intensive Care and Infectious Disease Units, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera

         

        Malaria is 1 of the main causes of death in third world countries. It has become extinct in Israel and imported cases are rare, since most visitors to endemic countries take anti-malarial prophylaxis. We report an Israeli tourist to Kenya infected with falciparum malaria complicated by severe metabolic acidosis, renal failure and adult respiratory distress syndrome. After intensive care treatment this preventable condition improved.

        דורון אפרמיאן ואליס מרקיציו

        Oral Manifestations of Bulimia Nervosa

         

        Doron Aframian, Alice Markitziu

         

        Dept. of Oral Diagnosis, Medicine and Radiology, Hebrew University- Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem

         

        Bulimia nervosa (BN) is an eating disorder frquently accompanied by changes of the hard and soft tissues of the oral cavity and of the salivary glands. Routine dental examination in a 25-year-old woman disclosed oral signs and symptoms characteristic of BN and she was referred for psychiatric evaluation. Oral evaluation of patients suspected of BN is recommended to prevent irreversible damage to the oral and perioral structures.

        מרץ 1999
        אהוד גולדהמר, ליאוניד חרש ואדוארד אבינדר

        Circadian Fluctuations in Efficacy of Streptokinase Thrombolysis

         

        E. Goldhammer, L.Kharash, E.G. Abinader

         

        Cardiology Dept., Bnei-Zion Medical Center and Technion Faculty of Medicine, Haifa

         

        This study was designed to assess possible diurnal fluctuations in the efficacy of thrombolysis with streptokinase. 156 consecutive patients treated with streptokinase during the period 1.1.95-1.7.96 were studied retrospectively. Success or failure of thrombolysis was determined according to the accepted clinical and angiographic criteria starting at midnight, 12 times at 2-hour intervals, then 8 times at 3-hour intervals, and then 6 times at 4-hour intervals. A definite peak for successful thrombolysis was found in the late afternoon and early evening hours. Between 16:00-20:00 PM, in 30.23% successful thrombolysis were observed, compared to 6.98% between 20:00-24:00 PM (p<0.05) and in 10.53% between 00.00-04:00 AM (p<0.05).

         

        Multiple regression analysis showed that the independent factor with the greatest impact on successful reperfusion was the actual time until thrombolysis (p=0.037); then came the interval from pain onset to streptokinase administration (p=0.020), while age and gender had much lesser impacts (p=0.328 and 0.215, respectively), and individual risk factors even less.

        These findings may have several clinical implications: dose adjustment for the time of day may be required, with larger doses needed during morning hours, or preference for primary coronary angioplasty to avoid increase in bleeding complications due to higher doses of thrombolytic agents.

        פברואר 1999
        אבישי סלע, דב פלקס, דיאנה גפני, עפרה רבינוביץ, אהרון סולקס וג'ק בניאל

        Combination Chemotherapy in Metastatic Urothelial Cancer

         

        A. Sella, D. Flex, D. Gafni, O. Rabinovitz, A. Sulkes, J. Baniel

         

        Genitourinary Medical Oncology Unit, Depts. of Oncology and Urology, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Campus, Petah Tikva and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv

         

        The treatment of metastatic urothelial cancer is based on the combination of cisplatin, methotrexate, vinblastine and adriamycin (M-VAC). From November 1994 to May 1997 we treated 25 patients (51 men, 3 women, aged 50-77) with M-VAC. The tumor originated from the urinary bladder in 14 (56%) and the upper urinary tract in 11 (44%). Disease sites included: primary - 5 (25%), lymph nodes - 17 (68%), lungs - 10 (40%), bones - 8 (32%), pelvic mass and liver each - 4 (16%), with an overall median of 2 (1-5) sites per patient.

        9 patients (38%) had complete responses and 8 (32%) had partial responses, for an overall response rate of 68% (95% CI 48.5%-85%). The median duration of response was 15.3 (1.6-29.6+) months. Median survival of responders was 19.1 (4.8-35.7+) months compared to 6.2 (0.7-11.2) for the non-responders (p<0.05). 13 (52%) of patients are alive, of whom 8 (32%) are free of disease and 5 with a single metastatic site on presentation at follow-up.

        In the 118 treatment cycles we observed grade III-IV toxicity: myelosuppression 53 (45%), thrombocytopenia 4 (3%), stomatitis 8 (6.7%), diarrhea 3 (2.5%). There were 22 infectious episodes and 1 patient died of sepsis.

        We achieved a high response rate with the combination M-VAC. However, only a third had long-term disease-free states and treatment was associated with excessive toxicity. Thera-peutic approaches with new agents are required to improve the response rate and toxicity.

        אורנית ינאי ויהודה היס

        Cocaine "Mules"

         

        Ornit Yanai, Jehuda Hiss

         

        L. Greenberg Institute of Forensic Medicine, Tel Aviv (Affiliated with the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University)

         

        We present 2 cases of "body-packer" syndrome (BPS) in which the "mules" carrying the packages of narcotics arrived at Ben-Gurion Airport presented symptoms of acute cocaine intoxication due to the bursting of packages of narcotics they were transporting within their gastro-intestinal systems.

        Acute cocaine overdose due to sudden massive release of the drug into the digestive system in BPS, may cause psychosis, convulsions and eventually death. Blood levels of cocaine between 0.25 and 5 mcg/ml are toxic and occasionally lethal. When a package bursts within the digestive tract of a smuggler or blocks the intestines, an immediate laparotomy is necessary to evacuate the "ovules" and the remains of the drug from stomach and intestines. Patients merely suspected of being body packers can be diagnosed by physical examination and by means of various imaging methods. They can be conservatively treated with fluids and mild laxatives and kept under close supervision until the remaining packages are naturally discharged.

        Sudden onset of psychotic behavior in travelers from South America or other drug-producing countries should raise suspicion of body-packer syndrome. The relevant authorities should therefore be aware of the symptoms and consider their potentially dangerous outcome.

        ינואר 1999
        יהורם זינגר ופסח שורצמן

        Second Degree A-V Block in Graves© Disease

         

        Yoram Singer, Pesach Shvartzman

         

        Dept. of Family Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        Cardiac tachyarrhythmias are common in thyrotoxicosis. We report an uncommon case of a 53-year-old woman with Grave's disease who developed second degree A-V block while euthyroid on propylthiouracil. The most likely mechanism is an autoimmune response causing infiltration of the cardiac conduction pathways.

        דצמבר 1998
        אשר שיבר, חיים ראובני, אשר אלחיאני ויצחק (צחי) בן-ציון

        Comparison between Every-Day and Every-3-Days Fluoxetine in Young, Moderately Depressed Out-Patients

         

        A. Shiber, H. Reuveni, A. Elhayany, I.Z. Ben-Zion

         

        Psychiatric Dept., Psychiatric Division, Soroka Medical Center and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba; and Medical Division for Drug Utilization, Kupat Holim Klalit (Sick Fund)

         

        Fluoxetine is now a well-known and often-used specific serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) and antidepressant. It has a very long active half- life, from 2-16 days. Our hypothesis was that sufficient therapeutic effectiveness would be achieved by prescribing the drug less frequently than once a day.

         

        To establish whether there is a difference between fluoxetine given daily or every 3 days, we assigned 25 outpatients with mild to moderate, acute major depressions (DSM-IV) to receive fluoxetine (20 mg), either each day or every 3 days. The study was open-labelled, using for assessment the HAM-D, GHQ-28 side-effect checklist and clinical judgment questionnaires. Follow-up lasted 6 months.

         

        Results indicated no differences in the clinical outcomes, except for slightly fewer side-effects in the study group. Although the open label design limits drawing definitive conclusions, our preliminary results provide more information, and support our hypothesis that low-dosage fluoxetine is beneficial. However, more comprehensive, double-blind studies are necessary to confirm our preliminary results.

        בלה בר-כהן, אורלי רותם-פיקר וצבי שטרן

        Use of Restraints in a General Hospital

         

        Bella Bar-Cohen, Orly Rotem-Picker, Zvi Stern

         

        Nursing Services and Administration, Hadassah University Medical Center, Jerusalem

         

        28 in-patient units were surveyed during a 5-day period to determine the extent of the use of physical restraints in hospitalized patients. Information was gathered on the characteristics of restrained patients and indications for use and removal of restraints, patterns and means of restraints, monitoring, and written notations. 31 different patients (6% of those surveyed) were restrained in 13 units during the 5 days of the survey, an average of 15 (3%) daily.

         

        Characteristics of restrained patients were: age 70 and over requiring emergency hospitalization, reduced level of consciousness, limitation of mobility, incontinence, history of 2 or more chronic diseases, requiring multiple drugs, and use of multiple medical devices. Bilateral, soft hand restraints were most often used to prevent patients from removing tubes. Nurses initiated the decision to apply or remove restraints, which were usually removed as the patients' condition improved. Written policies were lacking regarding monitoring and follow-up of restrained patients. Clearly written policies and increased staff awareness of potential hazards may reduce the use of restraints and the length of time they are employed.

        פרי קדם-פרידריך ורינה נחמני

        Willingness to Donate Organs: Attitude Survey among Israeli Jews

         

        Peri Kedem-Friedrich, Rina Rachmani

         

        Psychology Dept., Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan and Information and Education Unit, Israel Transplant Center

         

        A public opinion survey of Israeli Jewish adults (September) showed a large potential willingness to donate organs after death, while only a third of the sample was opposed. Nevertheless, only a very minor proportion held donor's cards, and over half expressed opposition to holding a donor card. As to next-of-kin's organs, when the wishes of the relative were not known, a quarter of the sample opposed, a quarter agreed, and the remaining half hesitated to make a decision.

         

        Willingness to donate was not correlated with gender, age or income, but was related to religiosity: the more religious, the less willing to donate. And the religious reason was the salient one given for hesitation about donating, although there were many who could give no reason for their hesitation. Family members, doctors and rabbis (in ascending order) influenced willingness to consent to next-of-kin donations.

        נובמבר 1998
        י' קלוגר, י' פז, נ' גברט, ב' שגיא וא' קרמר

        Open Reduction and Internal Sternal Fracture Fixation

         

        Y. Kluger, Y. Paz, N. Gebart, B. Sagie, A. Kremer

         

        Rabin Trauma Center and Dept. of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Tel Aviv-Souraski Medical Center and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        We describe a 63-year-old woman who sustained a sternal fracture after a motor vehicle crash. Due to persistent pain, open reduction and internal fixation of the sternal fracture were performed; recovery was uneventful.

        חגית כהן, אורי לונטל, מיכאל מטר, חנוך מיודבניק, זאב קפלן, יאיר קסוטו ומשה קוטלר

        Autonomic Dysregulation in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Power Spectral Analysis of Heart Rate Variability

         

        Hagit Cohen, Uri Loewenthal, Mike A. Matar, Hanoch Miodownik, Zeev Kaplan, Yair Cassuto, Moshe Kotler

         

        Mental Health Center, Israel Ministry of Health; Anxiety and Stress Research Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences; Dept. of Life-Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        Spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) has been shown to be a reliable noninvasive test for quantitative assessment of cardiovascular autonomic regulatory response, providing a dynamic map of sympathetic and parasympathetic interaction. In a prior study exploring the state of hyperarousal that characterizes the post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) syndrome, we presented standardized heart rate analyses in 9 patients at rest, which demonstrated clear-cut evidence of a baseline autonomic hyperarousal state.


        To examine the dynamics of this hyperarousal state, standardized heart rate analysis was carried out in 9 PTSD patients, compared to a matched control group of 9 normal volunteers. 20-minute ECG recordings in response to a trauma-related cue, as opposed to the resting state, were analyzed. The patients were asked to recount the presumed triggering traumatic event, and the control subjects recounted a significant stressful negative life event.

        Whereas the control subjects demonstrated significant autonomic responses to the stressogenic stimulus of recounting major stressful experiences, the patients demonstrated almost no autonomic response to the recounting of the triggering stressful event. The patients demonstrated a degree of autonomic dysregulation at rest comparable to that seen in the control subjects' reaction to the stress model.


        The lack of response to the stress model applied in the study appears to imply that PTSD patients experience so great a degree of autonomic hyperactivation at rest, that they are unable to marshal a further stress response to the recounting of the triggering trauma, as compared to control subjects. A subsequent study of the effect of medication on these parameters showed that they are normalized by use of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRI's).


        Neither the clinical implications of these findings, nor their physiological mechanisms are clear at present. We presume that they reflect a central effect, as the peripheral automatic effects of SSRI's are relatively negligible.

        ישראל דודקביץ, משה סלעי ואהרון צ'צ'יק

        Concept Management in Penetration of Unusually Shaped Foreign Bodies into Extremities

         

        I. Dudkiewicz, M. Salai, A. Chechik

         

        Orthopedic Dept., Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        During routine emergency room work penetration by foreign objects is frequently encountered, some of which may be very irregular in shape. These may cause further damage if inappropriately removed. It is important to perform a proper X-ray survey.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303