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        תוצאת חיפוש

        ספטמבר 1997
        א' רקייר, ג' סוירי, מ' פיינסוד

        An Achondroplastic Dwarf with Paraplegia


        A. Rakier, G. Sviri, M. Feinsod


        Dept. of Neurosurgery, Rambam (Maimonides) Medical Center, Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa


        A 30-year-old female achondroplastic dwarf developed a progressive gait disturbance erroneously attributed to her hydrocephalus and deformities of both legs. Her condition deteriorated into flaccid paraplegia with anal and urinary incontinence. CT revealed extreme spinal stenosis typical in achondroplasia (shallow vertebbody, short pedicles, and hypertrophy of intervertebral joints) together with disc protrusions. Wide laminectomy of the lumbar vertebrae resulted in complete amelioration of all the neurological deficits. Progressive paraplegia is a rare complication of achondroplasia; its early recognition and surgical treatment is very rewarding.

        דן צרור, עודד זמיר, רפאל יודסין, עמוס פרומן, תניר אלוייס והרברט ר' פרוינד

        Nissen Fundoplication by Laparoscopy


        Dan Seror, Oded Zamir, Raphael Udassin, Amos Vromen, Tanir M. Allweis, Herbert R. Freund


        Depts. of Surgery and Pediatric Surgery, Hadassah-University Hospital, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem


        Short term results following laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication were evaluated in 31 patients with symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux. 6 were females and 26 males, and they ranged in age from 5 months to 64 years (mean: 4.9 years in 19 younger than 18 years, and 39.3 years in 12 adults). Most of the adults who complained of pain and heartburn underwent pH monitoring, endoscopy, and manometry as needed. Milk scan was the most useful diagnostic tool for the evaluation of the children, who suffered mainly from gastroesophageal-related pulmonary disease. Indications for laparoscopic operation were identical with those for conventional open Nissen fundoplication. 1 case of dysautonomia died postoperatively; the rate of complications, mostly minor, was 22.5%. 3 patients required conversion to open Nissen fundoplication due to cardiorespiratory instability secondary to pneumothorax in 2, and to esophageal perforation in the third. 5 adults developed temporary dysphagia. 3 children had only partial improvement in their pulmonary disease following the operation, while the other 15 had complete relief. The total time for the laparoscopic operation averaged 245 minutes in adults, and 228 in children. Discharge was usually on the fourth postoperative day in adults (mean: 6.0 days). Regurgitation and heartburn were cured in 10 out of 11 adults (91%). All parents of children were satisfied. Symptomatic outcomes following laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication compare favorably with those of open surgery with respect to mortality, complications, and outcome.

        סווטלנה ברזובסקי וארנולד רוזין

        Should Physical Restraints be used in an Acute Geriatric Ward?


        Svetlana Barazovski, Arnold Rosin


        Geriatric Dept., Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem


        A prospective study was carried out in an acute geriatric ward to determine the incidence of the use of physical restraints, the reasons for using them and the consequences. Over a period of 8 months an independent observer documented all cases in which a restraint was used and followed them until it was removed. A questionnaire was submitted to the nurses as to why they applied the restraints. 16% of patients had some form of restraint applied, in 2/3 of them for up to half of their stay in the ward. In over 90% of those restrained, functional (Barthel) and cognitive (mini-mental) scores were between 0-5. In unrestrained patients, the functional score was 0-5 in 79% and the cognitive score 0-5 in 72%. The main reason for applying restraints, usually sheets or body binders, was to prevent the patient from falling out of, or slipping from chairs, rather than to stop them from rising out of them. Other important reasons, which overlapped, were to prevent the patient from interfering with nasogastric tubes, catheters, and IV cannulas, each in 1/3 of the group. Restraints were discarded when deterioration did not allow the patient to sit out of bed, to decrease agitation, to allow enteral or parenteral treatment, and in 12%, when there was supervision by the family. Of 33 families interviewed, none opposed application of restraints, and most left the decision to the responsible ward staff. We conclude that restraints cannot be avoided in some acutely ill, old patients with severe physical and mental dysfunction. However, ways should be sought to minimize their use, as recommended in the literature, by demanding from the staff a specific reason, signed agreement of a physician, close follow-up, and favorable environmental conditions such as suitable chairs, occupational activity, and staff cooperation in removing the restraints.

        ד' גוטליב, מ' קפניס, א' סיסטר, נ' לפקין, ו' מדבדב וש' בריל

        Hospitalization of the Elderly for Stroke Rehabilitation


        D. Gottlieb, M. Kipnis, E. Sister, N. Lipkin, M. Medvedev, S. Brill


        Stroke Rehabilitation Unit, Neurogeriatric Dept., Beit Rivka Geriatric Hospital, Petah Tikva


        This is a descriptive, longitudinal study of 400 elderly patients admitted for stroke rehabilitation to a geriatric department dedicated to this purpose. We present the demographic, medical, and impairment and disability characteristics on admission, and the outcome of rehabilitation. Mean stay was 54 days and 2/3 became independent and returned home. Functional score on admission was the best predictor of outcome, but age and social support were also significant.

        עודד זמיר, מרים בן הרוש, דן צרור והרברט ר' פרוינד

        Thoracoscopic Biopsy of Pulmonary Lesions in Nonpulmonary Malignancy following Chemotherapy


        Oded Zamir, Myriam Weyl Ben-Arush, Dan Seror, Herbert R. Freund


        Surgical Dept., Hadassah-University Hospital, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem and Miri Shitrit Pediatric Hematology and Oncology Unit, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa


        The appearance of focal pulmonary lesions in a patient with a nonpulmonary malignancy is worrisome. Apart from metastasis, the differential diagnosis includes benign conditions such as infectious and granulomatous diseases, enlarged lymph nodes, atelectasis, radiation pneumonitis, and bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia (BOOP). CT-guided needle biopsy is not always diagnostic and may not be feasible in very small lesions. Since open lung biopsy is associated with considerable morbidity, many physicians tend to postpone tissue diagnosis for a few weeks and perform a biopsy only if repeat chest CT scans show increase in size or number of the lesions. This approach may lead to undesirable delay of appropriate treatment. We report video-assisted thoracoscopic lung biopsy in 7 patients with nonpulmonary malignancy who developed lung lesions following chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. Histological examination proved metastatic lesions in only 2. There were no operative complications and recovery was rapid and smooth in all patients. Thoracoscopic lung biopsy is an effective, minimally invasive diagnostic tool that obviates the need for thoracotomy in these patients.

        ירון שפירא, רפאל הירש, רות יורטנר, משה ניל"י, ברנרדו וידנה, אליק שגיא

        Prosthetic Heart Valve Thrombosis: A 3-Year Experience


        Yaron Shapira, Rafael Hirsch, Ruth Jortner, Moshe Nili, Bernardo Vidne, Alex Sagie


        Sheingarten Echocardiography Unit and Cardiology Dept., Rabin Medical Center (Beilinson Campus), Petah Tikva and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


        A series of 12 patients with 16 episodes of prosthetic heart-valve thrombosis over 3 years is presented. Most episodes affected mitral or tricuspid bileaflet prostheses. All patients were inadequately anticoagulated at the time of thrombosis. The clinical presentation was acute and severe in 6 patients, and subacute or chronic in the rest. Physical examination was suggestive of stuck valves in most cases. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed increased transvalvular gradients in most. However, clearer evidence of valve thrombosis was obtained from transesophageal echocardiography or fluoroscopy. 9 patients eventually had their valves re-replaced successfully, and the preoperative diagnosis was confirmed in all. 5 patients were operated as soon as the diagnosis was established, and an additional 4 were operated after failure of anticoagulation. In 4 patients the valve leaflets became completely mobile after a course of thrombolysis. Prosthetic valve thrombosis is a severe and potentially fatal complication in patients with mechanical heart valves. Alertness of physicians at all levels- the general practitioner, the internist and the cardiologist- to the possibility of valve thrombosis and to its clinical presentation may lead to prompt and earlier diagnosis and to comprehensive therapy.

        אוגוסט 1997
        סורל גולנד, סטיב מלניק, לב שווידל, איתן מור, זאב שטגר ואלה עברון

        Budd-Chiari Syndrome


        S. Goland, S.D.H. Malnick, L. Shvidel, E. Mor, Z.M. Sthoeger, E. Evron


        Medical Depts. C and B, and Hematology Institute, Kaplan Hospital, Rehovot; and Surgical Dept. B, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Campus, Petah Tikva


        Budd Chiari syndrome is a rare disorder resulting from occlusion of hepatic venous drainage by hepatic vein thrombosis or by a membranous web in the inferior vena cava. In western countries the commonest causes are myeloproliferative disorders and hypercoagulable states. Presentation may be acute with rapid accumulation of ascites and hepatic failure, or subacute with symptoms developing over a few months. A chronic progressive form has also been described. On presentation there is usually abdominal pain, ascites, and hepatosplenomegaly; hepatic encephalopathy is found in about a third. Noninvasive, ultrasound-Doppler is recommended in diagnosis, and has a high correlation with hepatic venography. Liver biopsy is required for therapeutic decisions. Those with advanced hepatic failure or severe fibrosis on liver biopsy are referred for hepatic transplantation. When biopsy shows only hepatic congestion and inflammatory infiltrates, portosystemic shunting is recommended. We present a 61-year-old woman with ascites and hepatosplenomegaly that had developed over the courses of a few months. Budd-Chiari syndrome with chronic myelofibrosis and congenital protein C deficiency were diagnosed. Portosystemic shunt was performed but death from sepsis followed shortly.

        א' אדונסקי, א' עטר וה' טראו

        Buschke-Ollendorf Syndrome


        A. Adunsky, E. Atar, H. Trau


        Depts. of Geriatrics, Radiology, and Dermatology, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer


        Buschke-Ollendorf syndrome is a rare condition characterized by uneven sclerotic, osseous formations seen on X-ray (osteopoikilosis) and fibrous skin papules (dermatofibrosis lenticularis disseminata). We report an 82-year-old man with this syndrome. Awareness of the condition is important to avoid misdiagnosis and hazardous management designed for other disorders, such as prostatic metastases.

        חן בן אברהם, ערן סגל, יזהר הרדן, עופר שפילברג, סלומון שטמר, אנג'לה שטרית, יצחק בן בסט, ועזריאל פרל

        Hemato-Oncology Patients in Acute Respiratory Failure in the ICU


        R. Ben-Abraham, E. Segal, I. Hardan, D. Shpilberg,S. Stemer, A. Shitrit, I. Ben-Bassat, A. Perel


        Depts. of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Hematology, Oncology and Clinical Epidemiology; Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


        Hemato-oncology patients needing mechanical ventilation for acute respiratory failure (ARF) have an extremely poor prognosis, with a mortality of more than 90%. Over an 18 month-period 17 such patients were admitted to our ICU. Diagnoses included leukemia (11 cases), lymphoma (1), and status post bone marrow transplantation for leukemia, lymphoma or breast cancer (5). Of 8 whose ARF was associated with septic complications due to neutropenia following chemotherapy, 6 survived. Of 9 who developed ARF due to toxic damage to vital organs following high-dose chemotherapy, 2 survived. Those who develop ARF during chemotherapy are expected to have an increase in granulocyte count within days, and have a surprisingly good prognosis. They should be admitted to the ICU and treated aggressively. Those who develop sepsis due their primary disease and whose general condition contraindicates chemotherapy, have an extremely grave prognosis and admission to the ICU may not be warranted.

        רן כץ, עמוס שפירא, שמעון מרטיק, יחזקאל לנדאו ודב פודה

        Radical Retropubic Prostatectomy


        Ran Katz, Amos Shapiro, Shimon Meretyk, Ezekiel H. Landau, Dov Pode


        Urology Dept., Hadassah,University Hospital and Hebrew University,Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem


        Radical prostatectomy may cure most patients in whom the malignant tumor has not invaded through the prostatic capsule. Advances in surgical technique and accumulation of experience have decreased the complication rate significantly. Long-term results of surgical treatment are now better than those of other forms of treatment; hence radical prostatectomy is now recommended for men with life expectancies longer than 10 years. Between 1988 and 1995, 164 men with clinical stages T1 or T2 adenocarcinoma were admitted for radical prostatectomy. Most were not offered a nerve-sparing procedure, so as to allow wider, more complete resection. Those who wanted preservation of sexual function underwent the nerve- preserving procedure. In 6 patients operation was discontinued when metastases to the iliac lymph nodes were detected and in 1 when invasion of the pelvic wall was found. 157 underwent radical prostatectomy. Preoperative biopsy revealed a low-grade lesion (Gleason 2-4) in 19.1%, intermediate grade (Gleason 5-6) in 61.8% and high-grade (Gleason 7-9) in 19.1%; however, pathologic grading revealed that only 7.0% had grade 2-4 tumor, 60.5% grade 5-6 and 32.5% grade 7-9. Pathologic staging revealed T2 tumor in 58%, T3 in 38.8% (including microscopic invasion of the capsule or seminal vesicles); microscopic lymph node metastases were found in 3.2%. Tumor invasion through the capsule was found in only 2 of 13 treated with neoadjuvant androgen blockade, compared with 40% in those who did not receive this treatment. There was no operative mortality and only 14.7% has complications. All had urinary incontinence immediately after operation, but regained continence after an average of 4-5 months. 24 were incontinent for more than 12 months, but most of them had only mild stress incontinence. Most patients were impotent after the procedure. There was tumor recurrence, diagnosed by rise in serum PSA, in 26 during an average follow-up of 26.4 months (range 3-93). Cure rate of prostatic cancer by radical prostatectomy may be increased by improved preoperative staging methods and better patient selection; long term follow up is required for determining cure rate.

        ג'וליה ברדה, דינו ברנשטיין, שגית ארבל-אלון, חיים זכות ויוסף מנצ'ר

        Gynecologic Problems of the Lower Genital Tract in Children and Young Adolescents


        Giulia Barda, Dino Bernstein, Sagit Arbel-Alon, Haim Zakut, Joseph Menczer


        Dept of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Edith Wolfson Medical Center, Holon and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


        Hospital records of 46 girls under the age of 17 years, hospitalized for lower genital tract problems in 1986-95 were reviewed. The most common conditions were results of unintentional injuries (43.5%), imperforate hymen (28.2%) and infections (19.6%). The median age for unintentional injuries was significantly lower than for other conditions (7.0 vs 11.4; p<0.001). Most injuries were external and occurred during outdoor activities. Mean volume of estimated bloody fluid drained in those with imperforate hymen was greater when the diagnosis was made after the age of 12 (783 vs 433; not significant). It has been suggested that hematocolpos and hematometra should be prevented, but the possible unfavorable sequelae have not been documented. The relative order of frequency of the various diagnostic groupings and the diagnoses of labial adhesions and imperforate hymen are specific for the age of the study group.

        יאיר בר-אל, משה קליאן, יוסי מר, הילה קנובלר, יעקב לרנר וחיים קנובלר

        The Homeless and the Health System: Profile of the Homeless Patient


        J. Posen, N. Tanai, S. Spiro, D. Frumer


        Social Work Dept., Ichilov Hospital, Tel Aviv and Faculty of Social Work, Tel Aviv University


        The homeless population is mobile and does not use ambulatory health care services. Thus the major contact between the homeless and the medical establishment occurs primarily when they are treated for acute symptoms in hospital. We describe the clinical and sociodemographic profile of the homeless who require hospital services. The research population included 50 homeless treated in the emergency room and various departments of our medical center between October 1994 and August 1995. Social workers used a questionnaire relating to clinical, sociodemographic and social factors. Most patients were men, 76% under the age of 50. The most common diagnosis was alcoholism; other diagnoses included back, limb and joint injuries, infections, skin diseases, and general exhaustion. There were subgroups with differing needs within this homeless population for which appropriate rehabilitation programs are proposed.

        יולי 1997
        קרלוס כפרי, ראובן איליה ובנימין גולפרב

        Left Atrial Ball Thrombus


        Carlos Cafri, Reuben Ilia, Benjamin Goldfarb


        Cardiological Services, Soroka Medical Center and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba


        An 80-year-old hypertensive woman with chronic atrial fibrillation was hospitalized because of recurrent syncope. Echocardiography revealed a large left atrial ball thrombus. Operative findings confirmed the echocardiographic diagnosis.

        אורי ספרן, רמי מושיוב, יואל מתן ומאיר ליברגל

        Surgical Repair of Fractures of the Clavicle


        O. Safran, R. Mosheiff, Y. Mattan, M. Liebergall


        Orthopedic Dept., Hadassah-University Hospital, Jerusalem


        Clavicular fractures make up 45% of shoulder girdle fractures. The clavicle's susceptibility to injury is due to its subcutaneous position and its role as the bony connection between the thorax and the shoulder. In 95% of cases the mechanism of injury is a direct blow to the shoulder. These fractures are usually treated conservatively without surgery. But there are a few such fractures that require surgical repair in order to unite well. 9 patients were operated on for clavicular fractures during 1991-1995. The indications for surgical repair were lateral-third fracture, floating shoulder, neurovascular deficit or nonunion. The methods used were open reduction and fixation with either plate and screws, Kirchner wires, cerclage or a combination. All fractures united well, with no infections or new neurovascular deficits. Good range of shoulder motion and acceptable cosmetic results were achieved in all. 1 patient had functional limitation due to brachial neuritis caused by brachial damage at the time of injury. Indications for surgical repair and the methods used in these cases are similar to those described in the literature. The high rate of union and absence of complications support surgical repair for the few clavicular fractures that are not likely to unite properly.

        ד' זמיר, ק' זינגר, י' ירחובסקי, צ' פיירמן, ר' מג'דלה, ל' זליקובסקי, ג' ברטל ופ' וינר

        Gastrointestinal Angiodysplasia


        D. Zamir, C. Zinger, J. Jarchovski, Z. Fireman, R. Magadle, L. Zelikovski, G. Bartal, P. Weiner


        Depts. of Medicine A and B, and Gastroenterology and Nuclear Institutes, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera


        Gastrointestinal angiodysplasia is a cause of gastrointestinal bleeding in the elderly, for which surgery has been the only treatment. Estrogen has been reported beneficial in some cases in the past decade. Recurrent bleeding due to angiodysplasia occurred from the small intestine in a 75-year-old woman, and from the right colon in a 91-year-old man. The diagnoses were made by angiography in the first case and colonoscopy and erythrocyte- scanning in the second. There was aortic stenosis in both, a combination which has been reported in other cases. Both patients improved with estrogen therapy. However, after temporary stabilization, gastrointestinal bleeding recurred in the second patient and he was successfully operated on.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303