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        תוצאת חיפוש

        ינואר 1997
        לאוניד ברואודה, יוליאן יאנקו, אורנה דולברג ויוסף זהר

        The Serotonin Syndrome

         

        L. Broude, I. Iancu, O.T. Dolberg, J. Zohar

         

        Psychiatric Division, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer

         

        The frequent use of selective, serotonin reuptake inhibitors has increased the risk of the serotonin syndrome. This condition is related to stimulation of 5HT1A receptors and is characterized by agitation, confusion, tremor, fever and shivering. A 29-year-old woman and a 69-year-old man with the syndrome are reported, The importance of early diagnosis and treatment is emphasized, and aspects of the syndrome in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder are presented.

        אמיר אברמוביץ', אבי שצ'ופק, יצחק רמון, אורן שושני, ידידיה בנטור, גדי בר יוסף ואורי טיטלמן

        Hyperbaric Oxygen for Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

         

        A. Abramovich, A. Shupak, Y. Ramon, O. Shoshani, Y. Bentur, G. Bar-Josef, U. Taitelman

         

        Israel Naval Medical Institute, Israel Defense Forces Medical Corps, Haifa and Israel Poison Information Center, Intensive Care Unit and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa

         

        Severe cases of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning from all over Israel are treated at the Israel Naval Medical Institute with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO). Between 1.11.94 and 15.2.95, 24 cases of CO poisoning were treated. Poisoning was usually due to domestic gas-fired heating systems, CO being the only toxin involved. Since delay between termination of CO exposure and arrival at the emergency department averaged 55 minutes, the level of carboxyhemoglobin measured on presentation did not always reflect the true severity of the poisoning. Poisoning was defined as severe and requiring HBO treatment when 1 or more of the following indications was present: evidence of neurological involvement, cardiographic signs of acute ischemic injury, metabolic acidosis, carboxyhemoglobin level greater than 25%, and pregnancy. 20 (84%) recovered consciousness during the course of 1 session (90 min.) of HBO treatment (p2 2.8 ATA) or immediately thereafter, with resolution of other signs of CO poisoning. 3 required a second treatment session before their symptoms resolved. A patient who arrived in deep coma with severe cerebral edema died. HBO is an important element in the combined treatment of severe CO poisoning. There should be greater awareness of the danger of CO poisoning and the means of preventing it, both among medical staff and the population as a whole, mainly in areas in which cold weather requires use of heating systems, which may be gas-fired.

        מ' זערור, ד' גולדשר ומ' פיינסוד

        Temporal Hemianopia And Diabetes Insipidus Following Head Injury

         

        M. Zaaroor, D. Goldsher, M. Feinsod

         

        Center for Treatment and Applied Research in Head Injuries, Dept. of Neurosurgery and Diagnostic Radiology Dept., Rambam Medical Center and Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa

         

        Bitemporal hemianopia and diabetes insipidus following head injury are caused by a lesion in the center of the optic chiasm, together with injury to the adjacent pituitary stalk or the hypothalamus. This combination was thought to be a rare complication of severe head injury. The case of a 16-year-old male is presented, which together with recent reports suggests that this relatively under-recognized syndrome is not infrequent, that it may follow even minor head injury, and that magnetic resonance imaging can demonstrate the chiasmal lesion.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303