Click on the icon on the upper right hand side for the article by Philipp von Landenberg, MD and Yehuda Shoenfeld, MD, published in IMAJ.
IMAJ 2001; 3; June; 439-442
In diagnosing sepsis the rapid identification of bacteremia at an early stage of the disease is critical for a favorable outcome. Furthermore, it is important that exact information on the stage of the disease be obtained rapidly in order to choose and initiate the appropriate therapy. In recent years many new techniques have been added to the diagnostic tools. In this review we will focus on three new methods for the early diagnosis of sepsis. These are: polymerase chain reaction, which offers the possibility to attain detailed information about the involved bacterial (or viral) species, and the laboratory markers procalcitonin and hypophosphatemia, which are indicators of the presence of infection with gram-negative bacteria. The approaches reviewed here were developed to expedite the diagnosis of especially early sepsis and might be a further step towards the improvement of therapy for sepsis.