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עמוד בית
Mon, 15.07.24

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August 2015
Yaron Arbel MD, Assi Milwidsky MD, Ariel Finkelstein MD, Amir Halkin MD, Miri Revivo MHA, Shlomo Berliner MD PhD, Martin Ellis MD, Itzhak Herz MD, Gad Keren MD and Shmuel Banai MD

Background: Anemia confers an adverse prognosis in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Several mechanisms have been implicated in the etiology of anemia in this setting, including inflammation, blood loss, and the presence of comorbidities such as renal failure.

Objectives: To evaluate the adequacy of bone marrow response as potentially reflected by elevation in blood and reticulocyte counts.

Methods: Consecutive men with STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous intervention within 6 hours of symptom onset and who presented to our catheterization laboratory during a 36 month period were included in the study. The cohort was divided into quartiles according to hemoglobin concentration, and differences in clinical and laboratory characteristics between the groups were evaluated.

Results: A total of 258 men with STEMI were recruited, 22% of whom suffered from anemia according to the World Health Organization classification (hemoglobin < 13 g/dl). Men in the lowest quartile of hemoglobin concentration presented with significantly lower white blood cell and platelet counts (9.6 ± 2.9 vs. 12.6 ± 3.6 x103/µl, P < 0.001) and (231 ± 79 vs. 263 ± 8 x103/µl, P < 0.01), respectively, despite higher inflammatory biomarkers (C-reactive protein and fibrinogen) compared with patients in the upper hemoglobin concentration quartile. Reticulocyte production index was not significantly higher in anemic patients with a value of 1.8, 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6 in the ascending hemoglobin quartiles, respectively (P = 0.292). 

Conclusions: Anemic men with STEMI have relatively lower leukocyte and platelet counts as well as a reduced reticulocyte count despite higher inflammatory biomarkers. These findings might suggest inadequate bone marrow response. 

 

September 2013
S. Schwartzenberg, V. Meledin, L. Zilberman, S. Goland, J. George and S. Shimoni

Background: The pathophysiology of aortic stenosis (AS) involves inflammatory features including infiltration of the aortic valve (AV) by activated macrophages and T cells, deposition of lipids, and heterotopic calcification.

Objectives: To evaluate the correlation between white blood cell (WBC) differential count and the occurrence and progression of AS.

Methods: We identified in our institutional registry 150 patients with AS who underwent two repeated echo studies at least 6 months apart. We evaluated the association between the average of repeated WBC differential counts sampled during the previous 3 years and subsequent echocardiographic AS indices.

Results: There was no significant difference in total WBC, lymphocyte or eosinophil count among mild, moderate or severe AS groups. There was a progressive decrease in monocyte count with increasing AS severity (P = 0.046), more prominent when comparing the mild and severe groups. There was a negative correlation between AV peak velocity or peak or mean gradient and monocyte count in the entire group (r = -0.31, -0.24, and -0.25 respectively, all P ≤ 0.01). Similar partial correlations controlling for age, gender, hypertension, smoking, dyslipidemia and ejection fraction remained significant. The median changes over time in peak velocity and peak gradients in AS patients were 0.44 (0–1.3) m/sec/year and 12 (0–39) mmHg/year, respectively. There was no correlation between any of the WBC differential counts and the change in peak velocity or peak gradient per year.

Conclusions: Severe AS is associated with decreased total monocyte count. These findings may provide further clues to the mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of aortic stenosis.

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