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עמוד בית
Sat, 20.07.24

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June 2024
Shelly Tartakover Matalon PhD, Noa Rabinowicz PhD, Or Carmi MD, Tali Zitman-Gal PhD, Liat Drucker PhD, Yair Levy MD

Background: Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a chronic, immune-mediated condition characterized by fibro-inflammatory lesions with lymphoplasmacytic infiltration. Diagnosis traditionally relies on histopathological findings, including the presence of IgG4+ plasma cells. However, due to challenges in biopsy accessibility, additional measures are needed to facilitate diagnosis.

Objectives: To identify additional parameters for characterizing IgG4-RD patients.

Methods: We compared several circulating factors between a cohort of patients with IgG4-RD disease seen at our hospital between 2017 and 2023 and healthy controls.

Results: Among 16 suspected patients, 13 were confirmed to have IgG4-RD, and 3 were classified as highly likely. Comparison with controls revealed differences in white blood cell count (WBC) (Folf change (FC) 1.46, P < 0.05), plasmablasts (FC 3.76, P< 0.05), plasmablasts CD38 (FC 1.43, P < 0.05), and CD27 (FC 0.66, P = 0.054), thus highlighting potential markers for IgG4-RD diagnosis. Treatments with steroids/rituximab tend to reduce plasmablast (FC 0.6) and IgG4 (FC 0.28) levels and to increase Gal-3 levels.

Conclusions: Levels of plasmablasts are a significant diagnostic feature in IgG4-RD. Healthy individuals have a lower level of plasmablasts. Elevated Gal-3 in serum of patients with IgG4-RD suggests a role in plasmablast activation. CD38/CD27 expression by plasmablasts emerges as a potential marker. Further research on a larger cohort is needed to confirm these findings.

November 2022
Shirley Shapiro MD, Shira Shoher MD, Dror Cantrell MD, Micha J. Rapoport MD

Retroperitoneal infiltration, also known as retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF), is a rare condition, which mostly occurs in men over the age of 40 years. This condition involves inflammation of the soft tissue of the retroperitoneal cavity, most commonly around the infrarenal abdominal aorta, iliac arteries, ureters, and abdominal organs. Clinical manifestations consist of severe pain in the lower back, abdomen, or flank, which may radiate to the inguinal region. Pain may be acute at the onset and can be mistaken for renal colic. Renal and ureteral involvement is common and can develop into acute kidney injury and hypertensive crises.

February 2018
Ayelet Priel MD, Vicktoria Vishnevskia-Dai MD, Liran Hochma MD, Juliana Gildener-Leapman MD, Guy J. Ben Simon MD, Mordechai Rosner MD, Gal Antman MD and Ofira Zloto MD

Background: The distribution of pathology and clinical characteristics of lacrimal gland diseases are different in different areas of the world.

Objectives: To evaluate the incidence rate, patient characteristics, and indications for surgical intervention of lacrimal gland lesions in a tertiary care center in Israel.

Methods: All biopsied or surgically removed lacrimal gland lesions at the Goldschleger Eye Institute from 2009 to 2015 were identified. The following data were collected: age, gender, indications for surgical intervention, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.

Results: We evaluated 28 lacrimal gland biopsies from 26 patients (11 men, 15 women). Mean age at biopsy was 47.5 years old. The most common presenting symptoms were: eyelid swollenness (57.14%), ptosis (32.14%), and proptosis (10.71%). All patients underwent computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. In 28 cases, infiltrations of the lacrimal gland were found. In nine cases infiltration of muscles or orbital extension were found. The most common pathologies were non-specified inflammation (44.82%), lymphoma (20.68%), and immunoglobulin G4-related disease (10.34%). The treatment was diverse according to the patient diagnosis. Prognosis of lacrimal gland disease was good; however, in five patients the systemic disease progressed.

Conclusions: Lesions of the lacrimal gland comprise a wide variety of pathological findings that require different treatment strategies. Lacrimal gland biopsies enable physicians to precisely recognize the pathology; therefore, it is important to consider this surgical method in any patient with lesions in the lacrimal gland.

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