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עמוד בית
Wed, 27.09.23

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August 2019
Maria Infantino MD, Teresa Carbone BD, Mariangela Manfredi BD, Valentina Grossi BD, Maurizio Benucci MD, Miri Blank PhD, Yehuda Shoenfeld MD FRCP MaACR and Nicola Bizzaro MD
February 2010
R. Sella, L. Flomenblit, I. Goldstein and C. Kaplinsky

Background: Autoimmune neutropenia of infancy is caused by neutrophil-specific autoantibodies. Primary AIN[1] is characterized by neutrophil count < 500 ml and a benign self-limiting course. Detecting specific antibodies against the polymorphic human neutrophil antigen usually confirms the diagnosis. Current available tests, however, are expensive and inapplicable in many laboratories as they require the use of isolated and fixed granulocytes obtained from donors pretyped for their distinct HNA[2] alloform.

Objectives: To assess the performance of a modified test to identify by FACS-analysis granulocyte-specific antibodies in the sera of neutropenic children.

Methods: We evaluated 120 children with a clinical suspicion of AIN, whose sera were analyzed by flow cytometry for the presence of autoantibodies using the indirect granulocyte immunofluorescence test. In contrast to the traditional tests, the sera were tested against randomly selected untyped neutrophils derived from a batch of 10 anonymous healthy subjects, presumably including the common HNA alloforms. Control sera samples were from patients with chemotherapy-induced, familial or congenital neutropenias. To further assure the quality of the new test, we retested six samples previously tested by the gold standard method. All medical files were screened and clinical outcomes were recorded.

Results: Our method showed specificity of 85%, sensitivity of 62.5%, and a positive predictive value of 91.8%, values quite similar to those obtained by more traditional methods.

Conclusions: The new method showed high specificity for detection of anti-neutrophil antibodies in the appropriate clinical setting and could be an effective aiding tool for clinical decision making.

[1] AIN = autoimmune neutropenia of infancy

[2] HNA = human neutrophil antigen

August 2002
Raanan Shamir, MD, Rami Eliakim, MD, Nitza Lahat, PhD, Esther Sobel, MSc and Aaron Lerner, MD, MHA

Background: Celiac disease is common in both children and adults. Small intestinal biopsy is mandatory for establishing a diagnosis. Anti-endomysial antibodies, detected by immunofluorescence, have a sensitivity and specificity close to 100% in the diagnosis of CD[1]. Recently, tissue transglutaminase has been identified as the target autoantigen of antibodies against endomysium, and TTG[2] antibodies are comparable to EMA-IMF[3] in the diagnosis of CD.

Objective: To evaluate a new enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit for EMA, compared to EMA-IMF and TTG antibodies in the diagnosis of CD.

Methods: Our study population included all subjects with positive EMA-IMF who underwent intestinal biopsy (n=21). From the same sera, TTG antibodies and EMA-ELISA[4] were determined, and all antibody results were compared to the biopsy findings.

Results: EMA-IMF was able to predict biopsy findings of CD in 19 of 21 cases (90.5%). When patients with biopsy findings compatible with CD and positive EMA-IMF (n=19) were tested for EMA-ELISA and TTG antibodies, 18 of the 19 were positive for both EMA-ELISA and TTG antibodies. A significant correlation was found between EMA-ELISA and TTG antibody titers (r = 0.74, P < 0.001).

Conclusions: Our study demonstrates that EMA-ELISA is comparable to TTG antibodies in the diagnosis of CD, and supports the use of EMA-ELISA as a serologic marker for this disease.


CD = celiac disease

[2] TTG = tissue transglutaminase

[3] EMA-IMF = anti-endomysial antibodies measured by immunofluorescence

[4] ELISA = enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

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