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עמוד בית
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October 2013
February 2012
M. Vardi, T. Kochavi, Y. Denekamp and H. Bitterman

Background: Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) resistance is a growing concern in and outside hospitals. Physicians often face a true clinical dilemma when initiating empirical antibiotic treatment in patients admitted to internal medicine departments.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of risk factors for ESBL resistance in patients with urinary tract infection (UTI) admitted to internal medicine departments.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the medical records of patients with UTI admitted to an internal medicine division in a community-based academic hospital over a 1 year period. We collected clinical, laboratory and imaging data that were available to the treating physician at admission. Outcome measures included ESBL resistance and death.

Results: Of the 6754 admissions 366 patients were included in the study. Hospitalization during the previous 3 months (odds ratio 3.4, P < 0.0001), residency in a long-term-care facility (OR[1] 2.4, P = 0.004), and the presence of a permanent urinary catheter (OR 2.2, P = 0.015) were correlated to ESBL resistance with statistical significance. These risk factors were extremely prevalent in our patient cohort.

Conclusions: ESBL resistance is becoming prevalent outside hospital settings, and patients admitted to an internal medicine department with UTI frequently carry risk factors for harboring resistant bacteria. In such patients a high index of suspicion and early targeted antibiotic treatment for ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae may be justified.

 



 

[1] OR = odds ratio

January 2010
B. Zafrir, A. Laor and H. Bitterman

Background: Parallel to increased life expectancy, the number of very elderly patients hospitalized in internal medicine departments is growing rapidly, although clinical data on hospital care are lacking.

Objectives: To investigate the sociodemographic data, hospitalization characteristics and outcomes of nonagenarian patients, as these measures are necessary for evaluating prognostic information and predictors of mortality.

Methods: We reviewed the medical records of all patients aged ≥ 90 hospitalized in our institute's Department of Internal Medicine. The data comprised 482 admissions of 333 patients hospitalized over a one year period.

Results: Half of the study patients were residents of nursing institutions. A high rate of atrial fibrillation was documented (106 patients, 32%). Acute infectious diseases constituted the leading diagnosis (276/482 admissions, 57%), followed by acute coronary syndrome (17% of admissions). In-hospital mortality occurred in 74 patients (22%). Chronic therapy with statins or acetylsalicylic acid was inversely related to mortality (P < 0.05). The main predictors for in-hospital death of nonagenarians were pressure sores, older age, atrial fibrillation, malignant disease, and admission due to an acute infection, especially Clostridium difficile-associated diseases. In addition, mental decline, permanent urinary catheter, leukocytosis, renal failure and hypoalbuminemia predicted post-discharge mortality. Admission due to an infectious disease but not acute coronary syndrome was significantly correlated to in-hospital and post-discharge mortality (P < 0.001).

Conclusions: Hospitalized nonagenarians comprise a growing group with distinct characteristics and increasing significance in the daily practice of internal medicine departments. Comprehensive assessment of the elderly at admission together with identification of the above clinical and laboratory risk factors for mortality will help determine in-hospital management, discharge planning and rehabilitation programs.

January 2002
Ronen Rubinshtein, MD, Eran Bar-Meir, MD, Ahuva Grubstein, MD and Haim Bitterman, MD
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