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עמוד בית
Sat, 20.07.24

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December 2023
Ron Ben Elyahu MD, Basel Khateeb MD, Eyal Yaacobi MD, Ezequiel Palmanovich MD, Omer Marom MD, David Segal MD, Michael Markushevich MD, Nissim Ohana MD, Yaron S. Brin MD

Background: Hip fractures are a public health problem that disproportionately affects the elderly. Displaced femoral neck fractures were treated historically with hemiarthroplasty, but the use of total hip arthroplasty (THA) is increasing showing superior long-term results.

Objectives: To assess whether THA has superior short-term results compared to bipolar hemiarthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures.

Methods: Two groups of active older patients underwent either cementless bipolar hemiarthroplasty or THA for displaced femoral neck fracture. All patients were operated on using the direct lateral approach to the hip joint. Patients were assessed using the Harris Hip Score at hospital discharge and at 6 weeks follow-up.

Results: We included 40 patients ages 65–85 years; 18 underwent bipolar hemiarthroplasty and 22 THA. The number of women in each group was similar, as was mean age: 73.1 ± 4.2 years in the hemiarthroplasty group and 71.0 ± 3.7 in THA. Harris Hip Score on hospital discharge was similar in both groups. Walking ability at discharge was better in the THA cohort and they were discharged sooner: 5.2 ± 1.3 vs. 6.4 ± 1.7 days following hemiarthroplasty (P = 0.021). At 6 weeks follow-up, the mean Harris Hip Score was higher in the THA group (78.6 ± 11 vs. 61.5 ± 17 for hemiarthroplasty, P < 0.001). Patients in the THA group walked longer distances, needed less support while walking, and reported less pain.

Conclusions: Better short-term results at hospital discharge and at 6 weeks follow-up after THA contributed to earlier patient independence and shorter hospital stays.

February 2016
Uri Farkash MD, Oleg Borisov MD, Iftach Hetsroni MD, Ezequiel Palmanovich MD, Edna Zohar MD and Meir Nyska MD

Background: Cachibol (known as kadureshet in Hebrew) is a team ball game whose characteristics are similar to those of volleyball. The game is becoming increasingly popular, particularly among adult women and is the fastest growing female sport in Israel. Despite its growing popularity, data on the epidemiology of injuries incurred from this sport are sparse. 

Objectives: To investigate the incidence and severity of injuries among adult female cachibol players.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey and observational cohort study of 612 amateur female cachibol players participating in a 3 day national tournament; 355 players completed questionnaires relating to traumatic injuries incurred during previous cachibol activity (58% response rate). All injuries sustained during the tournament were reported. 

Results: Fingers were the most commonly injured part of the body, mostly due to a direct hit by the ball. Finger injuries, though considered mild, may have long-term implications: over 50% of the injured players reported long-term finger discomfort. After finger injuries, ankles and knees were the second most commonly injured parts of the body, with a higher rate of absence from sports activity and work and for a longer time compared to finger injuries. 

Conclusions: Due to the unique characteristics of cachibol, the rate of finger injuries is higher in this game than in volleyball. Injuries are a growing cause for concern in view of the rapidly increasing number of cachibol players. Our findings may be useful for developing effective injury prevention programs for cachibol players.

 

December 2014
Yaron S. Brin MD, Ezequiel Palmanovich MD, Eran Dolev MD, Meir Nyska MD and Benyamin J. Kish MD

Background: A clavicular fracture accounts for 2.6%–5% of adult fractures. Fractures in the middle-third (OTA 15-B) represent 69%–82% of all clavicular fractures. There is no consensus among orthopedic surgeons regarding treatment for these fractures; many support conservative treatment even for displaced middle-third clavicular fractures, while others choose operative treatment.

Objectives: To assess the attitudes of orthopedic surgeons regarding treatment of displaced mid-shaft clavicular fractures.

Methods: We conducted a survey in which we interviewed orthopedic surgeons from various countries during the 2012 EFORT meeting in Berlin. The questionnaire included an X-ray of a displaced middle-third clavicular fracture, as well as questions regarding the surgeon’s proposed treatment plan.

Results: A total of 177 orthopedic surgeons completed the questionnaire; 49% preferred operative treatment for a displaced middle-third clavicular fracture. Among the orthopedic trauma specialists, 58% suggested operative treatment, as did 82% of shoulder specialists. Most surgeons preferred a locking plate for fixation.

Conclusions: The treatment approach for a displaced middle-third clavicular fracture seems to be evenly split between conservative and operative approaches. The tendency toward operative treatment was even more remarkable among orthopedic trauma specialists and shoulder specialists who completed the questionnaire. Most surgeons prefer a locking plate as a fixation system for this type of fracture. 

June 2013
E. Palmanovich, Y.S. Brin, L. Laver, M. Nyska and B. Kish
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