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עמוד בית
Mon, 15.07.24

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September 2017
Alessia Alunno MD PhD, Francesco Carubbi MD PhD, Onelia Bistoni BSc, Elena Bartoloni MD, Valentina Valentini MD and Roberto Gerli MD

Primary Sjögren’s syndrome (pSS) is a chronic autoimmune disease mainly affecting exocrine glands. However, a subgroup of patients experiences extraglandular manifestations which worsens disease prognosis. To date evidence based guidelines for the management of pSS are lacking, hence the therapeutic approach is mainly based on expert opinion and data from other connective tissue diseases. In recent years, several studies have explored the efficacy and safety of biologic agents in pSS and after the failure of tumor necrosis factor inhibitors, the attention has been focused on compounds directly targeting B or T lymphocytes. The aim of this review article is to provide an overview of available data about B and T cell targeting in pSS and of future directions based on ongoing trials. 

April 2015
Jana Petríková MD PhD, Peter Jarčuška MDPhD, Marián Švajdler MD, Daniel Pella MD PhD and Želmíra Macejová MD PhD MPH
December 2002
David B. Geffen MD and Sophia Man MD

Between 1990 and 2001, altogether 28 new anticancer drugs were approved for use in Israel. The new agents include cytotoxic drugs, biologic compounds, and hormone therapies. Among the cytotoxic agents introduced, the taxanes, vinorelbine, gemcitabine, irinotecan, topotecan and temozolomide, represent important new drugs active in a range of solid malignancies including lung, breast, ovarian, bladder, pancreatic, and colon cancer as well as brain tumors. Epirubicin, idarubicin, and liposomal doxorubicin offer less toxic and in some instances more effective alternatives to older anthracylines for leukemia, breast cancer, ovarian cancer and other diseases. New oral agents are offering a chance for disease palliation without the need for burdensome intravenous access. Rituximab and trastuzumab have introduced monoclonal antibody therapy to the clinic, substantially improving the treatment of patients with lymphoma and breast cancer, respectively. The first tyrosine kinase inhibitor, a molecularly targeted therapy, imatinib, was approved for use in chronic myeloid leukemia and has also shown remarkable activity in gastrointestinal stromal tumors. A variety of aromatase inhibitors have provided less toxic and more effective hormone therapy for the treatment of breast cancer. The challenge for clinicians is to optimize the use of the new available agents for their patients' benefit, and the challenge for health policy-makers in Israel is to integrate the new anticancer pharmaceuticals into the basic health benefits package mandated for all citizens.

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