Original Articles

Percutaneous Trans-Papillary Elimination of Common Bile Duct Stones Using an Existing Gallbladder Drain for Access

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Click on the icon on the upper right hand side for the article by Eli Atar, MD, Chaim Neiman, MD, Eduard Ram, MD, Mazal Almog, RN, Itai Gadiel, MD and Alexander Belenky, MD.
IMAJ 2012: 14: June: 354-358
Abstract

Background: The presence of stones in the common bile duct (CBD) may cause complications such as obstructing jaundice or ascending cholangitis, and the stones should be removed.


0bjectives: To report our results with percutaneous elimination of CBD stones from the gallbladder through the papilla.


Methods: During a 4 year period, six patients (five men and one woman, mean age 71.5 years) who had CBD stones and an existing gallbladder drain underwent percutaneous stone push into the duodenum after balloon dilatation of the papilla, with a diameter equal to that of the largest stone. Access into the CBD was from the gallbladder, using an already existing percutaneous gallbladder drain (cholecystostomy tube).


Results: Each patient had one to three CBD stones measuring 7–14 mm. Successful CBD stone elimination into the duodenum was achieved in five of the six patients. The single failure occurred in a patient with choledochal diverticulum, who was operated successfully. There were no major or minor complications during or after the procedures.


Conclusions: Trans-cholecystic CBD stone elimination is a safe and feasible percutaneous technique that utilizes existing tracts, thus obviating the need to create new percutaneous access. This procedure can replace endoscopic or surgical CBD exploration.